A Directory of Early Clockmakers and Apprentices

These are summary notes taken from the researches into early English clockmakers conducted by Adrian, Valerie and Anthony Finch in the years 1980-2010. External researchers are welcome to use the information subject to proper citation. The citation should be: Finch AA, Finch VJ & Finch AW (2020) A directory of Early English Clockmakers and Apprentices.

We have tried to write the entries to be short and yet provide insights into the sources, for which the abbreviations are given at the end of the document. I will update the record as information comes to light. In many cases we have further information on the individuals and I welcome enquiries about individual makers of particular interest.

In indexing, I have tried to use intuitive modern spellings of names and I have ignored prefixes such as ‘van’ or ‘de’; hence Giles van Gheele is indexed under G for Gheele. For foreigners, whose names are commonly wildly misspelled by English scribes, I have looked for spellings where possible that were written by the individuals themselves, failing that by others of the same nationality. So, Giles van Gheele is spelled this way and not ‘van GAYLE’ or ‘VANGALAND’ because that is how he spelled in the records of the Dutch church in London.

A

ABARGEYN, Hans (fl. 1549)             see BARGAYNE, John

ABBOTT, Thomas (~1620-?)             app of Richard NURSE (qv) via JC 1634 (Evans, 2000).

ABDELL, Francis (~1570-1609)         app of Peter MEDCALF via Clothworkers’ Company, free 1593. Medcalf refers to him as his ‘household servant’ and it is unclear if he was trained in clock manufacture. Several apprentices through Clothworkers. Adm ACL 1609 when of St Katherine Creechurch.

AGELDAR, John                              see GELDAR

ALCOCK, Thomas (fl. 1630-1650)     Petitioner for CC 1630. Assistant of CC 1638 and warden 1645-1646. Intermediary in binding apprentices in a manner similar to Oswald DURRANT (qv) and Richard MASTERSON (qv), although not a freeman of the Clothworkers’. Will PCC 1650 when watchmaker of St Edmund the King.

ALDLEY                                           see AUDLEY

ALKIN, Francis (fl. 1626-?)               foreigner, free of PC 1626 when he married the widow of Elias SHELTON, took over the business and became stepfather to Thomas SHELTON (qv). Father in law to William CRAYLE (qv). Although free of PC, he was a barber, and may be the ‘barber’ who employed Elias VOLANT in 1622.

ALLEN, Elias (~1561-1653)               probably son of John ALLEN of St Giles Cripplegate, app via the Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv), mathematical instrument maker. Free 1590, m 21 Sep 1591 Katherine HOBCROFT at St Dunstan’s Stepney, daughter Sarah c.1609 in St Bride’s, Fleet Street. Took over Whitwell’s business 1611 and became Assistant of CC 1633, Warden 1635-6 and Master 1637. Portrait engraving in the National Portrait Gallery. Produced sundials, but not credited with clocks. Adm PCC 1653.

ALLEN, James (fl. 1637-1638)           not free of CC, but took via them appr John MAJOR 1637. Clock recorded by him. Possibly citizen and pewterer of St Helen’s Bishopsgate, will PCC 1638.

ALLEN, John (~1600-1664?)             parentage unknown but undoubtedly related to Elias ALLEN. App via Grocers’ Company 1617 to Elias ALLEN (qv), and free 1631. Master of Grocers’ Company and brother of CC 1653. Possibly will PCC 1664.

ALLEN, Nathaniel (d. 1658)              app of William BOWYER (qv), but not recorded in Pewterer’s records. Took over the apprenticeship of Edward STANTON from Francis BOWEN via CC 1655. CC requested him to join 1658 but died later that year. Will PCC 1658.

ALLISON, James (~1615-?)               son of Christopher of St Giles in the Fields collarmaker app 1631 to Matthew BOOMER via BC.

ALMOND, John (~1627->1663)         son of John of Chester and Jane JANNION, sister of William (qv), app 1641 to William ALMOND via Pewterers’ Company, free 1653. Appears on CC lists 1663.

ALMOND, Ralph (~1622-1680)         son of John of Cronton Lancashire, brother of William ALMOND (qv). App 1637 via CC to Oswald DURANT, free 1645. M. Elizabeth NORFORTH at St Olave Southwark 1646. CC assistant 1668, warden 1674-1677 and Master 1678. Will PCC 1680.

ALMOND, William (1610-1674)        son of John of Cronton, Lancashire, app 1622 to William BOWYER (qv) via Pewterers’ Company, free 1631. Brother of CC 1633. Children born in St Margaret Lothbury 1638-1647, still there 1666 in the ‘Dancing House’. Took John ALMOND appr via PC and several via CC. Brother of Ralph ALMOND. Will PCC 1674.

AMBROSE, Edward (fl. 1634)           probably free of BC, employed Elias VOLANT (qv) 1634. Possibly corresponds to a PCC will 1651, when a yeoman of St Nicholas at Wade, Kent.

ANDREW, John (fl. 1540)                 servant of Nicholas OURSIAN on returns for aliens. One of this name buried 1558 St Clement Danes.

ANNABLES, William (~1625-?)         son of Richard of Leicester mercer dec app 1638 to Thomas HOLLAND via BC.

ANTELE, Francis (fl. 1544-1563?)     app of Sebastian le SENE 1544. One of this name buried 1563 St Clement Danes.

APERYS, John (fl. 1549)                   journeyman of Lewis BILLIARD (qv) in St Clement Danes 1549. Possibly a corruption of A PARIS.

APPRETSE, Elias (fl. 1635)               Dutch clockmaker in the St Mary le Strand 1635 (RoA).

ap RICHARD                                    see RICHARD

APTELL see AXTELL

ARCHER, Henry (?-1642)                 born Huntingdonshire, m. 1608 Esther, sister of Marcus GHEERAERTS the younger and widow of John TYCE (qv) at Dutch church. Lived in St Anne’s Blackfriars, brother of the BC 1628 when described as ‘English Foreign’. Petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630. First senior warden of the CC and effectively first master. Will CCL (see transcript), left tools to Joseph QUASH, and property to nephew Oswald DURRANT (qv).

ARCHER, John (d.1603)                   journeyman of Nicholas VALLIN (qv), died of plague and buried 14 Sep 1603 St Anne’s Blackfriars.

ARNOLD, Cornelius (fl. 1503-1505)  maintained clock at All Hallows, Staining, London (Evans, 2001).

ARNDELL Edward (~1608-?) son of Peter, gent of Swansea, Monmouthshire, Wales, app 1621 for 9 yr to Cornelius YATE.

ARONDELL, Lawrence (fl. 1562->1568)                 French clockmaker, living in St Martin le Grand, London. Had journeymen John SIMPIOLL and Denis SIMPIOLL 1568.

ASH, Ralph (fl. 1630-1674)                Petitioner for CC 1630. Admitted as brother 1646/7 and took several apprentices through them 1641-1654. Part of CC ‘rebels’ 1656. Correlates with a PCC will 1674.

ASHWELL, Nicholas (~1628-?)         parentage unknown, app via CC 1642 to Oswald DURRANT (qv) t/o Robert GRINKIN junior (qv). Free of CC 1649. Took John HICCOCK as app via CC 1650.

ASHWORTH, Thomas (fl. 1633)       clockmaker of Bromley, Kent, father to Andrew ASHWORTH apprenticed to Clothworkers Company in 1633.

ATKINS, William (~1625-?)              son of Francis ATKINS of St Giles in the Fields blacksmith app 1640 to Henry STONE for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

ATKINSON, George (~1613-?)          son of Ralph, innkeeper of London, app 1627 to William BOWYER via Pewterers’ Company. Not free.

ATWELL, William (~1625-?)            son of Henry of Whaddon in Co Bucks deceased app 1638 to William MORTON for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

AUDLEY, Roger (fl. 1641)                 leased a property in the Strand from Joan FIELD, mentioned in her ACS will 1641.

AUSTIN, Brice or Reece (fl. 1539-1576)                   clockmaker to Henry VIII, identified as ‘clockmaker ye Kinges servand’ in 1539 (Burgess 1999). Maintained the clocks at St Andrews Hubbard (1539/40), St Helen’s Bishopsgate (1563), All Hallows, Staining, London (1566-1570) (Evans, 2001) and St Dunstan’s in the West (1573).

AVERILL, John (fl. 1622-1636)         a foreign maker in 1622 petition when working ‘at a joiners at Broad Street end at London Wall’ with Henry BROE (qv). The ‘joiner’ may be Leonard TENNANT (qv) or one of his apprentices. Probably son of Nicholas AVRIL of Orleans, m. 1625 Catherine PINGART in French church. CC noted he had been working half a year for Lewis COOK (qv) without permission. Possibly the same as John DEVALE, French clockmaker and lodger with Abraham GUETT in the Liberty of the Strand in 1635. Brother of CC 1636.

AXTELL or APTELL, Samuel (~1622-?)                app 1638/9 to Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company (Evans, 2000). Master to Thomas RAYNE (1659) via BC.

B

BACHELET                                      see BACHLATT

BACHELOR, Charles (1570-1614)    son of Charles BACHELOR of the parish of Coney Street in the City of York, glazier, c. 6 Aug 1570. App 1582 for 12 years to Randolph BULL (qv) via GC. Probably received introduction through Bartholomew NEWSAM (qv) who owned property in father’s parish. Free of GC 1593. Son Charles baptised St Dunstan’s in the West 1602. Master to George BULL, John ROGERS f. 1605, Cornelius YATE 1604, Lancelot HALL 1606, Walter HAVARD 1608, Henry BALL 1611. Adm CCL 1614 when of St Bride’s Fleet Street.

BACHLATT, Matthew (fl. 1544)       denizen 1544, employed by Henry VIII to install clock at Nonsuch Palace. A circular table clock in the Feill collection signed ‘Mathieu Bachelet’ is undoubtedly the same. Undoubtedly the French clockmaker of this name in Paris (see e.g. Cardinal 2020).

BACON, John (fl. 1639)                     brother of CC 1639. One of this name in St Botolph Aldgate in 1638. Possibly merchant of London, will PCC 1663.

BAKER, John (~1622-1688)               app 1637 to Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company (Evans, 2000). Will CCL 1688.

BALDEN, John (1617-?)                    son of Thomas of Faversham co Lancs ‘allutarij’ app 1631 via Clothworkers’ Company to Peter CLOSON for 8 years.

BALL, Henry (~1596-?)                     son of Henry BALL cit & haberdasher of London app 1611 for 9 yr to Charles BATCHELOR (qv) via GC.

BALL, John (~1610-?)                       son of William BALL of London, app 1624 to Simon BARTRAM of Blackfriars (qv) through Merchant Taylors’ Company. Free of CC 1637.

BALLARD, Martin (fl. 1613-1625)    app of Garrett FALCON (qv) free of Brownbakers’ Company. M. Joan MURRAY 1612 at St George Southwark. Worked in the Tower of London 1613 when evaluated stolen silver for Middlesex sessions. Married Eleanor about 1620 and children Eleanor and Garrett baptised 1623 and 1624 at St Mary Abchurch. Master of James KENNEDY (1621) and William FORDHAM (1623). The latter was t/o FALCON 1625 on his death in St Mary Abchurch, adm ACL.

BALLARD, Robert (~1605-?)            app of Leonard TENNANT (qv) via Joiners’ Company. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

BARGAYNE, John (fl. 1541-1549)     servant to John GRINKIN (qv) 1541 (RoA). Probably the same as ‘Hans ABARGEYN’ journeyman of Lewis BILLIARD (qv) 1549.

BARKER, William (fl. 1632-1639)     brother of CC 1632. Paid CC quarterage 1635-1639. Possibly merchant tailor of London, will PCC 1652.

BARNABY, Giles (~1592-?)               son of Thomas BURNABY gent of Watford, Hertfordshire, app 1607 for 8 yr to Nicholas RIDGDALE (qv) via GC.

BARNES, Richard (~1590-?)             son of Nicholas BARNES app 1605 for 9 years to Henry MOORE (qv) via GC. Free 1618 of GC. One of this name was clockmaker in Worcester – watch at the V&A.

BARTHOLOMEW Thomas (~1630-?)             son of William BARTHOLOMEW cit & imbroaderer of London dec app 1642 to Henry IRELAND for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

BARTON, John (~1640-?)   app to David PARRY 1657 via BC and CC. CC questioned the nature of his apprenticeship, perhaps reconginising that he was enrolled simultaneously with two companies.

BARTON, Samuel (fl. 1640)               brother of CC 1640.

BARTRAM, Abraham (~1588-?)       parentage unknown, app 1602 via Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv). Not free – no other details. Possibly the same as the following:

BARTRAM, Abraham (1595-?)         son of Robert BARTRAM of London feltmaker, app 1611 to John JELLY of Broken Wharf, London for 7 years.  Not free – brother of the following.

BARTRAM, Simon (~1596-1667)       son of Robert BARTRAM of London, feltmaker, app 1611/2 via Merchant Taylors’ Company to John JELLY of Baynard Castle Ward. Petitioner for CC 1630 and assistant 1632. Warden 1638 and Master 1650/1. Took apprentices via MT including John BALL 1624, William COMFORT 1631, Richard CRAFT 1634 and William DARBY 1650, in addition to several apprentices via CC. Daughter Martha married apprentice William DARBY. Will PCC. Friend of the clockmakers Nicholas COXETER and Jeremy GREGORY.

BASSELL, Thomas (fl. 1524-1544)    born in Vatevilla in Normandy, arrived in England 1524 and lived in Poole for the first years (RoA). In 1540 was a servant of William VOTIER (qv), but recorded as an apprentice of Sebastian le SENE (qv) 1544. M. Joan AVARYS 1541 St Margaret Westminster, daughter Ann (1541). Made denizen 1544 when he had a wife and three children.

BATE, John (fl. 1582/3)                     servant of Randolph BULL (qv). Of the French church, in Castle Bernard ward. Possibly a mathematical instrument maker on Tower Hill 1626 (Turner 1968).

BATES, Anthony (fl. 1576)                servant of Charles DURRANT in St Leonard’s Foster Lane (RoA).

BATON, George (1541->1571)           born Antwerp, arrived in England 1555, working for Peter MEDCALF 1571 (RoA).

BAUN, Hugh (fl. 1619)                       clockmaker of Worcester, stood as surety for Walter COLLIER of Shrawly in Worcester quarter sessions.

BAVARUS, Nicholas                         see Nicholas KRATZER

BAWDYSON, Alan (fl. 1535-1564)    Frenchman born Dieppe, made denizen 1535 in Westminster. Moved to St Mary le Strand 1540 with Lewis BILLIARD (qv) as journeyman. In 1542, journeymen included Julian CURBE and Peter …..AWNSON. In 1549 and 1550 he was in King St, Westminster. Loomes records him as clockmaker to Edward VI. Will DCW.

BAWDYSON, Robert (~1540->1564) son of Alan BAWDYSON (qv), received his father’s tools in his will with ‘stuff belonging to his science’.

BAYERT, Luke (~1608-?)                  son of William of London, merchant, app 1623 to Garrett FALCON (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company.

BAYES, Henry (~1615->1647)           son of Henry of Spaldwick Co Hunt blacksmith app 1630 to brother John BAYES for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company, free of them 1638. May have genuinely been a clothworker since one of this name is described as ‘cordwainer of St Tooley’s parish’ when master to Richard CHILD (1647). In ‘Barnaby Street’ when master to John RUNDALL (1655).

BAYES, John (~1605-~1665)              son of Henry of Spaldwick in Co Hunts farrier dec app 1619 via Clothworkers’ Company to Henry STEPHENS for 10 years. Free of Clothworkers 1629, master to brother Henry (1630) via Clothworkers. Free brother of CC 1646. ‘debarred from service since he married within his apprenticeship’. Apprentices via CC: Francis MATTHEWS (1648), Richard BOYLE (1652), John PARK (1659), Thomas PIDGEON (1660), another brother Benjamin BAYES (1661) and Isaac WILMOT (1662). Intermediary in the bonding of several other apprentices. Loving friend of Robert GRINKIN. CC assistant 1653, warden 1658, widow received pension until 1679.

BEDFORD, Charles (~1615-?)           son of Roger of Bowley [Boddenham], Herefordshire tailor dec app 1632 to Thomas [sic] CRAYLE via BC.

BEDFORD, Robert (~1597-?) son of Thomas of Northmore, Oxfordshire dec app 1611 to Simon HARVEY for 8 years via Clothworkers’ Company.

BELL, Harry (?-1649)                       watchmaker in the Canongate, Edinburgh, will Edinburgh commissary court 1649.

Le BELLEYETERE, Roger (fl. ~1280)                    clockmaker, made and repaired the clock, bells and organs of Exeter Cathedral for which he received land in Paignton (PRO: C143/108/15).

BELSON, Thomas (~1620-?)              son of Edward of Hampton Gay, Oxfordshire gent app 1635 to Henry GRINDON of Shoe Lane, watchmaker via the Drapers’ Company for 7 years, and then app 1636 to Richard MORGAN via BC. Not free of CC but took apprentices William THOROGOOD (1652) and Thomas WALDEGRAVE (1654) via CC.

BENTLEY, Richard (~1615-?)           app 1630/1 to Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

BERAUD, Henry (fl. 1633-1635)        presented app to CC 1633.

BERAUD, James (fl. 1632)                 journeyman to John CHARLTON (qv) 1632.

BERRY John (~1630-?)                     son of Robert BERRY of Little Hinton in Co Wilts farmer app 1642 to Stephen HEATH for 8 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

BESHOTT, Peter (fl. 1622)                a foreign maker in 1622 petition in St Olave’s Hart Street.

BETTS, Job (~1620-1681)    son of Job [sic] of Southam, Warwick yeoman to app 1637 to John DRAKE via BC. Took several apprentices via CC although not formally entered. Will CCL 1681 when of St Andrew Undershaft.

BETTS, John (~1620-?)       son of John of Southam, Warwick yeoman app to John DRAKE 1635 via BC.

BETTS, Samuel (~1625-~1674)          son of John of Southam, Warwick yeoman app 1638 to John DRAKE via BC. Took several apprentices via CC although not formally entered. Succeeded by James MARKWICK ‘at the back of the Royal Exchange’.

BICLIFFE                                         see BILCLIFFE

BIGGE, Thomas (~1594-?)                son of Matthew BIGGE, yeoman of Wallingford in Berkshire, app 1609 for 10 years to Henry MOORE (qv) via GC.

BIGGS, Edmund (~1633-?)                son of John BIGGS yeoman of Chalbury, Oxon app 1647 to William MORTON of Little Britain, clockmaker.

BILCLIFFE, John (~1590-?)              clockmaker free of York 1617. Possibly brother of Robert (qv), father to following:

BILCLIFFE, John (~1617-?)              son of John BILCLIFFE clockmaker of York, free there 1636 by patrimony.

BILCLIFFE, Robert (~1605-?)          clockmaker free of York 1627. Probably brother of John (qv).

BILLIARD, Lewis (fl. 1540-1576)      clock and crossbow-maker, born Gascony. M. 1540 Avis ANIS at St Lawrence Poulteney and was journeyman to Alan BAWDYSON (qv). Worked independently in St Clement Danes by 1544; 1549/50 employed several workmen including John BARGAYNE (qv), Nicholas GILLIARD (qv), John APERYS (qv), John GILLIARD (qv) and Cornelius JOHNSON (qv). In 1549 had a property on the north side of Exeter House on the Strand. Made clock for Rye church 1561. On London Heralds Visitations 1568. Adm PCC 13 Apr 1576, buried St Clement Danes 14 Apr 1576.

BILLINGS, John (fl. 1637)                brother of CC 1637.

BINNELL, Daniel (~1572-?)              son of Richard BYNNELL of London dyer, app 1585 for 13 years via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Father of Henry BINNELL c. 1599 St Mary’s Woolnoth, not free of GC.

BIRD, John (~1617-?)                        son of John BIRD cit & stationer of London, app 1631 for 8 years to Edmund BULL (qv) via BC.

BISSE, Edward (fl. 1625-1649)          free of City of London 1610 when described as a Cooper. Admitted brother of CC 1632. Daughter Elizabeth baptised 1634 at St Andrews Holborn, when described as ‘watchmaker out of Mr TERRILL’s house, Fetter Lane’. Took appr Thomas HAMLYN via CC 1637. Involved in patents with David RAMSAY (qv).

BLAYTON, Edward (~1598-?)          parentage unknown, app 1612 via Grocers’ Company to Elias ALLEN (qv). Possibly a misentry for John BLIGHTON (qv). Not free – no other details.

BLIGHTON, John (~1595-?)             parentage unknown, no app via Grocers’ Company but free 1620 as app of Elias ALLEN (qv). Possibly the apprenticeship of Edward BLAYTON (qv) refers to this man. No other details known.

de BLOCK                                        see ROZEAN

BLOOMFIELD, William (~1586-?)   son of John BLOOMFIELD of Forfield, Norfolk yeoman, app for 8 years 1600 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Not free – no other details.

BOOMER, Matthew (~1605-?)          son of William app to Henry DOUGLAS via BC, free 1628. Master to James ALLISON and Henry EDE.

BOUQUET, David (fl. 1622-1665)      born Dieppe, came to England ~1611. A foreign maker in 1622 when working for ‘Mr SAMPSON’ (possibly William SAMSON, qv) with two apprentices. Denizen 1626 and brother of BC 1628 when of Blackfriars. Petitioner for CC 1630, and admitted brother 1632. Assistant from 1634-1665. Lived in Blackfriars but children baptised in French church in Threadneedle Street 1626-1637. Employed Isaac PLUVIER (qv).

BOWDISSON                                   see BAWDYSON

BOWYER, William (fl. 1607-1653)    free of PC 1607/8, related to BOWYERs in that company. Steward of PC 1620, petitioner for CC 1630, free of CC 1632. Paid fines to avoid PC livery. Took apprentices through PC and CC. Assistant of CC 1651 and warden 1653. Clocks signed ‘William Bowyer in Leadenhall Street fecit’ (Hopper 1998) also a sundial dated 1630 (Turner 1968). App via PC include Francis JOHNSON (f. 1609), Thomas TAYLOR (1616), John PINNOCK (1620), William ALMOND (1622), George ATKINSON (1627), William LAWRENCE (1629) and Richard COLLAR (1631). Asked to present son in law to CC, possibly KIRK.

BOYCE, Abraham (~1592->1641)      son of Henry BOYCE of Bow, Essex, hempdresser, app 1607 to John BIROST via BC. Took apprentices Abraham FROMANTEEL and Andrew PRIME (qv) via BC. In St Botolph’s without Aldgate 1638.

BOYLE, Thomas (fl. 1616)                mentioned in Middlesex Sessions.

BRAMPTON, Robert (~1591->1633) son of Robert BRAMPTON of Barswick, Northumberland yeoman, app 1605 for 9 years via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). One of this name free of GC 1622 but appears to be another. Master to Isaac JONES, John LYNNITT and John WILKINSON (1633).

BRAND, Basil (~1640-?)                    son of William gent of London app 1658 to John DRAKE via BC and also 1660 to John MATCHETT via CC. Free of city of London 1668.

BRANDON, Marnie (~1660-?)           free of Clothworkers Company in 1683 as apprentice of Samuel YATES (qv). See entry for Benjamin MARDEN who may be the same man.

BRANSCOMBE, Joseph (v. 1643-1655)                   app of William HOPPIN (qv) and received tools in will 1643. Possibly a gunsmith. Children baptised St Olave Exeter 1652-1655.

BREAMES, Leonard (1590-1638)      goldsmith, born Venlo in Gelderland. Came to England 1619, lived in St Mary Aldermanbury 1629-1638. M. Anne ESSEX, an Englishwoman. Brother of CC 1633. Will CCL 1638.

du BREE, Richard (fl. 1638)              French watch gilder in St Margaret’s Westminster 1638.

BRICKENDON, Nathaniel (~1635-?) son of Nathaniel of Bevendon, Kent gent dec app 1651 to John WARFIELD via BC.

BRISBOROUGH, John (fl. 1544)       denizen clockmaker 1544 who worked on the clock at Nonsuch Palace.

BRISCOE, Thomas (~1632-?)            son of Nicholas of London, app 1646 to William MORTON, clockmaker of St Tooley’s Street via the Clothworkers Company.

BROE, Henry (fl. 1622-1662)             French, working 1622 ‘at a joiners at Broad Street end at London Wall’ with John AVERILL (qv). The ‘joiner’ may be Leonard TENNANT (qv). By 1627 he was in the Liberty of the Strand, but by 1635 had moved to Chancery Lane. In 1638 he was in White’s Alley, St Dunstan’s in the West, 4 doors from George FARMER (qv), one of Tennant’s apprentices. Loomes records him as still working 1662.

BROOKE, Christopher (~1615-?)      parentage unknown, app 1629 via Grocers’ Company to Elias ALLEN (qv), free 1639. Married the daughter of William OUGHTRED, became a mathematical instrument maker in Oxford.

BROOKE, Hugh (~1600-?)                son of Robert of Welson, Breedon, Leicestershire yeoman app 1616/7 to Richard MASON via BC.

BROOKE, John (fl. 1632-1635)          brother of CC 1632, paid quarterage to 1635. Possibly goldsmith of St Helen’s Bishopsgate 1607.

BROWN, John (~1616-?)                   son of Edward of Kempster [Kempston] co Hertfordshire glover app 1630 via Clothworkers’ Company to Simon HARVEY for 7 years.

BROWN, Matthew (fl. 1633)              brother of CC 1633. One of the same name in Dublin 1651.

BROWN, William (~1576-1645)         son of Robert BROWN Leatherseller, app 1590 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Son William c. 1613 St Bride’s. Free of GC, in St Mary Woolnoth 1623. Master of Richard WHITELOCK 1632 and Francis HILDERSAM 1637 via GC.

BROXON, William (~1610-?)            son of William of St Giles Cripplegate London blacksmith dec app 1627 via BC to John BROXON t/o Barbara widow of Jonas JORDAN 1631.

BUCKBERD, ____ (d.~1439)             worked on Bishop’s Stortford clock in the 1430s (Doree, 1994). His son and wife sought outstanding payment from the churchwardens as his executors ~1440. Worked alongside John CLOCKMAKER (qv) who may be the same person.

BUCKHURST, William (fl. 1500-1518)                   repaired a clock in St Lawrence for the Corporation of New Romney 1500-1518. On at least one occasion had the assistance of Simon WOODFORD (qv).

BUCKNER, John (1614-?)                 son of Philip BUCKNER of Whitley, Oxfordshire, gent, c. 4 Jun 1614 at Cumnor, Berks app 1629 to Peter CLOSON via Clothworkers Company for 8 years.

BUCKNER, Philip (1618-?)               son of Philip BUCKNER of Whitley, Oxfordshire, gent, brother of above, c. 1618 at Cumnor, Berks app of John MIDNALL (qv) via GC. Free of them 1640.

BUCKTON, William (~1599-?)          son of Thomas BUCKTON, app 6 Jun 1611 via BC to Robert GRINKIN senior. Not free – no other details.

BUEGUET, Gabriel (fl. 1549-1557)    nephew of William VOTIER (qv), received tools in Votier’s will 1557. Possibly Gabriel, app of Sebastian Le SENE 1549.

van der BULKE, Jacques (fl. 1585-1603)                 born Antwerp, came to England ~1585, living in St Martin le Grand, employing 2 male servants and one female servant 1593. M. 1592 Esther VAN LUFFELE at the Dutch church, children baptised there 1593-1601. Baillie records him working for the Crown 1599 to repair plate in the Tower of London. Still in St Martin le Grand 1603 when he kept John RUFFYN as a lodger, who may have been a journeyman. Baillie records he also worked in Paris and some items of his manufacture still known. Adm 1603 DCW.

BULL, Edmund (1584-1644)              son of John BULL cit & goldsmith (qv) c. 11 Aug 1584 at St Michael Cornhill. App to Robert GRINKIN senior (qv), free of BC 1607/8. An important maker. Petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630 but did not join. Father of John BULL and father-in-law of Edward EAST to whom his business was bequeathed. Buried St Dunstan’s in the West, will CCL 1644.

BULL, Edmund (1641-?)                   son of John BULL blacksmith (qv) c. 1641 at St Clement Danes. App 1657 via GC to uncle Edward EAST, but not free.

BULL, Emanuel (1586-1650)             son of Randolph BULL (qv), app in France, c. 1586 in St Gregory by St Paul’s London. Clockmaker to Prince Henry 1610, but displeased his father and was largely disinherited from his father’s will. Moved to Worcester and died there 1650. Loomes records two watches. Will PCC.

BULL, George (1580-<1630)              son of John BULL cit & goldsmith (qv), c. 17 Aug 1580 at St Michael Cornhill. App via GC 1598 to Charles BATCHELOR, free by patrimony 1611. Master of Richard TOWSON 1616. In St Anne’s Blackfriars ~1609-1613. Petitioner for CC 1622, died <1630.

BULL, John (~1530-1589)                  citizen and goldsmith, mathematical instrument maker, parentage unknown but brother of Randolph BULL (qv). App via GC to Thomas CURTIS, and free 1559/60. Employed Michael NOWEN (qv). Father of George (qv) and Edmund BULL (qv) born St Michael Cornhill. Master to Randolph BULL (qv) and Richard LITLER (qv). Buried 1 Oct 1589 St Michael’s Cornhill, adm PCC. An important maker.

BULL, John (~1585->1630)                son of John of Heyford Northants blacksmith dec free BC 1607 as app of James BRIGGS. Clockmaker of St Clement Danes in Middx Sessions 1608-1615. In Swithin’s Lane near London Stone 1615. Probably petitioner for CC in 1630, but difficult to distinguish from the following. Master to Henry COWYE (1614). Possibly Adm PCC 1651 when of St Brides.

BULL, John (1609->1662)                  son of Edmund BULL (qv), bap at St Dunstan’s in the West. Free as father’s app 1631. Difficult to distinguish from above. Free of CC 1632. Brother in law to Edward EAST. Master of apprentices William WOODINGTON (1639) and Thomas FARMER (1645) via BC. Father of Edmund BULL (qv). In 1662 working in Temple Bar.

BULL, Randolph (~1550-1617)          citizen and goldsmith, brother and app of John BULL (qv), free of City of London 1581. An important maker. Clockmaker to Queen Elizabeth from 1587. Master to several apprentices. Father of Emanuel BULL (qv) and father-in-law to Anthony RISBY (qv). Retired to Hammersmith ~1613. Maker of the earliest surviving English pocket watch. Will PCC.

BULL, William (fl.1613-1622)            of St Anne’s Blackfriars, 1613 required to keep the peace by Middlesex sessions. In 1622 petition as journeyman for Cornelius MELLIN.

BULLBY, John (~1598-1633)             son of Richard of Beighton, Derbyshire, farmer, dec app 1613 to Robert HARVEY for 8 years via Clothworkers’ company, free 1621. App through Clothworkers: Thomas COLLINS (1621), Thomas JESSON (1623) and Thomas PAYNE (1632). Brother of CC 1632, adm ACL 1633 to widow Ann when of St Leonard’s Shoreditch.

BUNTING, William (1621-?)             son of Stephen BUNTING c. 2 Aug 1621 at Waddingham, Lincs., app 1637 to Thomas HOWSE via Brownbakers’ Company and CC (nominally to Thomas DAWSON). Free of CC 1645/6. Took several appr via CC, often t/o to other makers.

BURFORD, William (?-?)                  app of Randolph BULL (qv). Not free – no other details. Possibly error for William BURTON (qv).

BURGESS, John (fl. 1630-1646)         petitioner 1630 for CC. Brother 1632 and took app through CC <1646. Possibly cit & goldsmith, will ACL 1663.

BURGESS, Thomas (~1520-1592)      clockmaker to Queen Elizabeth after the death of Nicholas OURSIAN (qv); witnessed his will and probably a workman for him. One of the same name was gentleman of the Queen’s kitchen and m. 20 Feb 1568 Katherine GRACEBY (alias GARISHE) at St Martins, will PCC 1592.

BURGESS, Thomas (fl. 1649-1651)    maintained clock at All Hallows, Staining, London (Evans, 2001).

BURROWS, Francis (~1613-?) son of Hugh BURROWS yeoman of Walsall, Staffordshire. app 1626 for 8 yr to John CHARLTON via GC, free of them 1637. Took over app of Henry WANSEY ~1632.

BURTON, William (~1580-?)             son of Edward BURTON of Farnham, Surrey, app 1594 for 10 years via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Not free – see also William BURFORD.

C

CAESAR, Thomas (fl. 1601-1637)      Married 1595 at St Dunstan’s Tower Hamlets Susanna RIDER. Children born St Dunstans in the West 1601-1607. Clockmaker to Prince Charles 1609. Introduced son to the post 1625. Will PCC 1637 when a gent of Whitefriars. Will witnessed by John EAST (brother to Edward) and Henry CHILD (qv), the latter may have been an apprentice.

CAESAR, Thomas (f. 1625-1637)       son of above, introduced by father as clockmaker to Prince Charles in 1625. In father’s will inherited “my place at court that I now enjoy”. Married 1637 to Ann BONNOR at St Mary Lambeth.

CAESAR, Thomas (~1620-?)             son of Thomas of London gent (possibly above) a. 1634/5 to Richard MORGAN via BC.

CALVERT, Nicholas (~1641-?)          parentage unknown, app 1655 to Benjamin HILL but t/o to Robert GRINKIN junior. Not free – no other details.

CANE alias CAVE, Morgan (~1635-?)             son of John of Madjeston [Gillingham], Dorset gent app 1648 to John DRAKE via BC. Took apprentices via CC although not formally admitted by them.

CANNING, John (fl.  1605-1622)       Free of the Saddlers’ Company <1605, admitted to livery 1608. Married Elizabeth FORMAN 1605 at St Clement Danes. Elected assistant of saddlers 1622, but then granted a pension, possibly due to ill health. In 1622, he lived ‘behind St Clement’s Church’, housing and possibly employing a clockmaker called Godrome (qv).

CARTER, Edward (~1620-?)             son of John of Farringdon, Berks innholder app 1632 to John WILLOW via BC.

CARTER, Sebastian (1605-?)            son of Richard of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey mercer app 1619 via Clothworkers Company to Peter CLOSON (qv) for 8 years.

CARTER, William (~1633-?)             son of John CARTER of Thornis, Lancashire app 1647 to Robert GALE clockmaker of Fleet Lane.

CATES, Charles (~1666-?)                 son of Charles of Southwark, app 1680 to Joseph WEBB watchmaker of ‘ye spire in Southwark’ via the Clothworkers Company.

CATTLE, John (fl. 1629-1633)           clockmaker of Bermondsey, executor and probably son in law of John LANGSTONE whose will was proved ACS 1629. Son William c1632 in St Saviour’s Southwark; a lantern clock dated 1633 is recorded.

CAVE see CANE

CHAMPION, John (~1620-?)             son of John of Compton, Surrey yeoman app 1632 to John HARRIS via BC. Brother of CC 1640/1 and free 1651.

CHANFLOWER, James (~1610-?)    app 1624 to William EDWARDS (qv) via Joiners’ Company. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

CHAPLIN, Richard (~1589-1665)      son of William CHAPLIN of Ottery St Mary, Devon, gent app 1604 for 8 yr to Nicholas RIDGDALE (qv) [as Michael RIGDAL] via GC. Adm CCL 1665 when of St Nicholas Coleman.

CHAPPEL Thomas (~1615-?)            son of John of Grantham, Lincolnshire gent app 1630 for 7 years to William MORTON via the Clothworkers’ Company.

CHARLTON, John (fl. 1630-1640)     son of George CHARLTON yeoman of Sutton, Yorkshire, app 1616 for 7 yr via the GC to Cornelius YATE. Free of GC 1625. Petitioner for CC 1630 and one of first assistants 1632. Had journeyman James BERAUD (qv) 1632 and app through the GC Francis BURROWS 1626, Henry WANSEY 1631, John ELAND 1634 and CC John HAMDEN 1638. Warden of CC 1635 and Master 1640.

CHATFIELD, John (fl. 1655-1695)    son of John of Horsham, Sussex, app of William CRAYLE (qv) via BC. Free of City 1655. Brother of CC 1675. App Richard BAKER t/o Richard BROWN 1683. Wrote a book describing an instrument called a trigonal sector (see Taylor 1968). Will CCL 1695 when of Chancery Lane, buried in St Dunstan’s in the West.

CHAYRE, Richard (~1627-?)            app 1642/3 to George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company, free 1650/1 (Evans, 2000).

CHENEY, Withers (~1631-?)             son of John CHENEY of Hockliffe, Beds, c. 11 Sep 1631. App CC 1646 to Thomas ALCOCK and t/o Elias ALLEN (qv), free 1657. Took several app through CC, and was described as ‘waxchandler and free clockmaker’. Children baptised in St Dunstan’s in the West, 1659-1664. Sold Star Inn in Hockliffe 1672 to Robert CHENEY.

CHESHIRE, Joseph (~1630-1671)      son of John CHESHIRE of Etherton in Co Warwick wheelwright app 1644 to Stephen HEATH for 8 years via the Clothworkers’ Company. Free 1653. Maintained clock in his parish of All Hallows, Staining, London 1658-1670 (Evans, 2001), children born there 1657-1667. Master to Thomas PORTER (1664). Will PCC 1671.

CHILD, Henry (fl. 1637-1665)           Possibly app of Thomas CAESAR (qv) (whose will he witnessed). Warned by CC 1640 and brother 1641. Took several apprentices via CC <1665. Assistant to CC 1653, warden 1660 and master 1664/5 but died during mastership. Undoubtedly relative of Ralph CHILD (qv) who stood as surety for a bond.

CHILD, Ralph (~1640-?)                   third son of Thomas CHILD of Acton Middx, app 1654 via CC to Richard PIERCE t/o from Thomas WOLVERSTON (qv), free 1661/2. Bonds referring to inheritance from father 1666 [GLRO-ACC/0617/002-4]. Stood as surety for Henry CHILD (qv).

CHILD, Richard (~1600-1650)           App of Richard MORGAN, free of BC 1629. Petitioner for CC 1630. Apprentices via BC Benjamin HILL (1632) and William GOODYEAR (1635). Brother of CC 1632, steward of the BC 1634. CC assistant 1637, warden 1641-1644. Not master. Adm PCC 1650 when of St Dunstan’s in the West. From Nov 1650 to 1666 widow received grants because of her need.

CHILD, Richard (-)                           son of Richard of Harberry co Warwick yeoman dec app 1647 to Henry BAYES for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

CHIMNEY, Robert (~1600-?)            son of Peter app 1616/7 to John NEWSAM (qv) via BC.

de CLAREBURGH, John (?-1395)    Burgess of the town of Beverly in Yorkshire. Constructed a clock for York Minster 1370, free of York 1387. Left estate to sons Adam and William. Will ACY 1395.

CLARKE, George (fl. 1632)               brother of CC 1632.

CLARKE, Humphrey (fl. 1632-1641) questioned by CC over his apprenticeship, and accepted as brother.

CLARKE, John (~1612-?)                  son of William of London, cit & apothecary, app 1626/7, for 8 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv). Possibly started suit through the clockmakers against Henry ARCHER (qv) and John DRAKE (qv) 15 Aug 1633. One of this name recorded 1635 as watchmaker in Bristol.

CLARKE, Peter (1545-1593)             son of Matthew CLARKE, born Masenull, Gelderland, Holland, arrived in England 1563 (RoA). Worked for Peter METCALF (qv) 1567-1571 in St Mary Overy, Southwark. Inherited tools from Edward DUBBER (qv) but died of plague shortly afterwards. Will ACS 1593.

CLARKE, Richard (fl. 1480-1489) of Lockington, Leicestershire, defendant in a debt (TNA: CP40-871-421f) initiated by Thomas PONTRELL and another by William BRISTOW (TNA: CP40-871-423f). Defendant in a 1489 action for trespass (with others) against John BOTHE clerk (TNA: CP40-907).

CLAWSON see CLOSON

CLAY, William (~1610-?)                  son of Thomas of London gent app 1626 to John WILLOW via BC.

CLEEVE, William (~1617-?) son of William CLEEVE of Westbourn, Warwickshire gent app 1630 for 9 yr to Samuel LINAKER via GC. Free brother of CC in 1654.

CLERK(E) see CLARK(E)

CLOCKMAKER, John (fl. 1428-1445)                    of Walden, Herts., named as son in law in the will of Joan DYSSHER, 1445 Archdeaconry Court of St Albans. Worked on the clock of Bishop’s Stortford ~1435, alongside ___ BUCKBERD (qv) who may be the same person (Doree, 1994).

CLOCKMAKER, Robert (fl. 1415) of Boston, Lincolnshire, defendant in an action for assault and trespass against Peter MELGAR and Joan his wife (TNA: CP40-618).

CLOCKMAKER, Simon (fl. 1444) of Salisbury, one of the defendants in actions for debt initiated by John BATYN parson of Gotehurst (TNA: CP40-732).

CLOSEN alias CLAWSON, Peter (~1594-1662)      son of Godfrey of St Olave’s Southwark gunsmith, app 1608 to brother in law Henry STEPHENS (qv) via the Clothworkers Company. Free 1618. m. 1629 Margaret BUCKNER, petitioner for CC 1630. App via Clothworkers include Sebastian CARTER (1619), James WALKER (1619), Edward STEVENS (1627), John BUCKNAR (1629), John SELWOOD (1630), John BALDEN (1631), George CROOKE (1632), then took several apprentices via CC. Was assistant 1633 and warden 1637/8. Lantern clock ~1650 inscribed ‘Peter Closon neare Holborn Bridge Londini fecit’ (Bruton 1981). Adm CCL 1662.

COATES, Alexander (~1615-?)          son of Hugh of Barnby, Yorks husbandman app 1629 to William HARRISON via BC.

COLLAR, Richard (~1616-?)             son of Richard of Bishop’s Stortford, Herts, app 1631 to William BOWYER via Pewterers’ Company, free PC 1641. Probably m. 1647 Elizabeth HASNETT in St Dunstan’s in the East.

COLLINS, Henry (~1590-?)               son of Edward cit & grocer of London, c. 8 Mar 1592 at St Stephen’s Walbrook. App 1607 to Robert LUMLEY for 9 years via Clothworkers’ Company.

COLLINS, Ralph (~1600-?)               son of John of Tudderton, Gloucestershire blacksmith dec app 1613 to Simon HARVEY via Clothworkers’ Company.

COLLINS, Thomas (~1608-?)            son of John of Hotley in Co Somerset yeoman deceased app 1621 for 7 years to John BULLBY via Clothworkers’ Company.

COLLO, Didier (fl. 1544)                   denizen clockmaker 1544, worked on the clock at Nonsuch Palace.

COLSON, John (~1670-?)                  son of John, yeoman of Cheston [Cheshunt], Hertfordshire app 1684 to Joseph WEBB via the Clothworkers’ Company.

COMFORT, William (~1617-~1660) son of Richard COMFORT citizen and Merchant Taylor of London dec app 1631 for 8 yr to Simon BERTRAM via MT. Free brother of CC 1646 after which he had apps via CC.

CONNOTTE alias CONNOCK, William (fl. 1571-1591) Dutch clockmaker in 1571 in the Liberty of the Tower, born ‘under the Bishop of Luke’. By 1582, in Black Horse Alley, St Brides, alongside Peter de la MARE with whom he undoubtedly worked (RoA). Denizen 1583.  Died 1591 when failed to pay subsidy.

CONNY, John (~1615->1640)            son of William cit and baker dec app 1630 to John DRAKE via BC. Then app 1636 to Henry GRINDON [as CONY], watchmaker of Shoe Lane, via the Drapers’ Company for 8 years. Brother of CC 1640.

CONSTABLE, Ralph (~1595-?)         son of Ralph of Isleworth, Middx yeoman dec app 1609 to John STEVENSON via BC.

CONY see CONNY

COOK, George (~1621-?)                  son of Philip COOK (?), app 5 Aug 1635 via Grocers’ Company to Elias ALLEN (qv). Not free – no other details.

COOK, John (fl. 1622)                       in 1622 petition, app of Cornelius MELLIN (qv). Possibly the same John COOK, brother to Lewis (qv) c. 21 Jul 1587 at St Giles Cripplegate, who made a deposition in an equity dispute in Holland. Watch in the Wallace collection.

COOK, Lewis (1589->1633)               son of Lewis COOK of East Greenwich, Kent blacksmith, c. 1 Dec 1589 at St Giles Cripplegate. App for 9 years from May 1605 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Free of York 1614 and worked there for >2 years. Back in London 1630 when free of GC, and petitioner for CC. Brother of CC 1632, but made to write a letter of apology for ‘rash and inadvised words’ made against John HARRIS (qv). Took apprentice via GC Edward KITSON 1631, his son Matthew COOKE 1632, Thomas PRIDDITH 1633 and William JACKSON 1633. Brother of John COOK (qv), who made a deposition in an equity dispute in Holland.

COOK, Matthew (1618-?)                  son of Lewis COOK citizen and goldsmith (qv), app 1632 to his father via the GC for 7 yr.

COOPER (see also CUPER)

COOPER, William (~1625-?)             app of George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1650. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

COPE, Peter (fl. 1604)                       importer of clocks 1604. One of this name free of CC 1638.

COPLEY, Thomas (fl. 1632)              clerk of CC 1632.

CORBETT, Nathaniel (~1669->1682) son of William CORBETT tailor of London, app 1673 to Samuel YATES via the Clothworkers’ Company, free 1680. In 1682 watchmaker of Swan Alley, St John’s Street when master to Solomon SANFORD via the Clothworkers Company. Loomes records a lost watch in 1693.

CORNELIUS, Jacob (~1595->1649)   born Delft, in England by 1618 when appears on returns for Aliens. However, in 1635, when married with 4 children, he stated he arrived in England 1629, and therefore returned to the continent in between. Known to CC and fined by them several times, although never free. This man links well with Jacob CORNELISSE van CAESBECK, app of Jan Jaense BROEKELS in Haarlem 1621. Dutch records state he had an affair with his master’s wife and eloped with her 1628 to England and lived there as man and wife with a daughter (Leopold, 1989).

CORNELIUS, Peter (fl. 1567)            Dutch servant with Peter MEDCALF (qv) 1567 (RoA).

CORNEW, Robynett (fl. 1508-1559)  French locksmith of St Katherine Coleman, London. Had servant Garrett LESSOT 1541 (RoA). Maintained the clock at All Hallows, Staining, London (1508-37) and recorded there 1544. Returned to St Katherine Coleman by 1549. Maintained clock of St Benet Gracechurch (1551/2) (Evans, 2001). Will CCL 1559.

COSINE, Abraham (fl. 1592-1618)    arrived in England 1592, in Southwark 1618 with brother John COSINE (qv) (RoA). Possibly the same as the following:

COSINE, Alexander (fl. 1622)            foreign maker in 1622 petition in St Bride’s by the Conduit in Fleet Street with brother John COSINE (qv). Possibly a misentry for Abraham (qv).

COSINE, John (fl. 1616-1622)            born Blois, France, indicted for an unknown offence by Middlesex session 1616 when of St Sepulchre’s parish. In Southwark 1618 with brother Abraham. Witness to a baptism in the French church 1621 with the wife of Cornelius MELLIN (qv). A foreign maker 1622 ‘in St Bride’s by the Conduit in Fleet Street’ with brother Alexander COSINE (qv). A Jean CUSIN was a companion of the Guild in Blois 1613.

COSSEN, Rick (fl. 1568)                    born Holland, servant with Peter MEDCALF (qv) 1568.

COSTARD, Henry (~1640-?)             app 1657 to Richard CRAYLE via BC.

COURADUS, Andrew (?-1645)          engraver of St Martins in the Fields. In RoA 1635 when described as German. Will PCC 1645.

COUSIN                                            see COSINE

COWYE, Henry (~1600-?)                 son of Benjamin of Tollesbury, Essex yeoman dec app 1614 to John BULL via BC.

COX, William (fl. 1636)                     brother of CC, also free of Silkweavers’ Company.

CRAFT, Richard (~1620-?) son of Richard CRAFT of London, gent app 1634 to Simon BARTRAM of Blackfriars for 8 yr via MT. Free of MT and Master to Matthew WATKINS 1629.

CRAYLE, Richard (1600-1670)         son of William CRAYLE c. 28 Oct 1600 at Grantham, Lincolnshire, free of BC 1626/7 as app of Robert GRINKIN senior. Witnessed will of master 1626. Married Gertrude DICKINS at St Mary Lambeth 1628. Petitioner for CC 1630, but never admitted. Lived in St Dunstan’s in the West where children were born. An important maker. He left London 1654 and moved to Newark-upon-Trent. His business passed to his son William CRAYLE (qv). Inventory and will PCC 1670.

CRAYLE, William (~1630-~1710)      son of Richard CRAYLE clockmaker of Fleet Street (qv). Free of BC 1651. Worked in Fleet Street 1662. Entered into bonds with Edward and James EAST (qv). Lived at the sign of the Black Boy in the Strand 1676. Adm PCC 1710.

CRERSES, John (fl. 1551-1552)         servant with John GELDAR in St Olave’s Southwark 1551 and 1552.

CROOKE, George (1618-?)               son of Roger of Hammersmith co Middx yeoman app 1632 via Clothworkers’ Company to Peter CLOSON (qv).

CROWDER, John (fl. 1561-1593)      clockmaker of East Budleigh, Devon, repaired church clocks at South Tawton, Woodbury and other villages around Exeter (Ponsford 1985).

CUPER, Josias (?-1660)                     French clockmaker from Blois, Companion of that Guild 1618, moved to England shortly afterwards. In 1622, he was a foreign maker and ‘Lord Dorset’s Page’. Married Catherine de JARDINE 1626 when of St Bride’s parish. In 1627 he was made denizen and lived in St Martins in the Fields with Paul HANSON (qv). Sworn as free brother of BC 1628. Three daughters born St Martin’s in the Fields 1628-1636. Petitioner for CC 1630 and brother 1632. Will and Inventory PCC when of Chelsea. Nephew of Lewis CUPER (qv).

CUPER, Lewis (fl. 1622-1632)            French immigrant clockmaker from Blois, son of Paul CUPER, founder of a large dynasty of clockmakers in Blois. Employed by James VAUTROLLIER (qv) without Temple Bar 1622. Petitioner for CC 1630 and brother 1632.

CURBE, Julian (fl. 1542)                   foreign servant to Alan BAWDYSON (qv) 1542.

CURTIS, John (~1635-?)                   app of Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1650 (Evans, 2000).

CUSIN                                              see COSINE

D

DALAVAN, Agnes (fl. 1427-1429)      maintained the clock in the palace of Westminster (PRO: E101/514/16).

DANIELL, William (fl. 1632-1670)    free of CC 1632, said by Taylor (1968) to have made watchcases and dials. Shop at the sign of the Golden Ball, Ivy Bridge in the Strand.

DANNUM, Samuel (~1602-?)             son of William of London, merchant, app 1617 to Garrett FALCON (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company.

DARBY, William (~1635-1697) son of William DARBY of Thaxted, Essex cutler, app 1650 via MT to Simon BARTRAM of Blackfriars. Probably married Bartram’s daughter Martha and became a bladesmith, possible taking freedom of the cutlers’ company by patrimony. Will PCC 1697.

DAUNTENEY, Lawrence (fl. 1568-1577)                 French journeyman to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv) 1568. Denizen 1574, when described as ‘from the Dominion of the Emporer’ (i.e. the Low Countries) (RoA). Present on subsidy lists 1576, then in St Anne’s Blackfriars with wife and servant Joan ROYSE. Adm CCL 1577.

DAVENPORT, Robert (~1609-?)       parentage unknown but possibly son of Peter DAVENPORT c. 1609 St Lawrence Jewry. App 1623 to Elias ALLEN (qv) via Grocers’ Company, free 1635. Moved to Edinburgh and traded in mathematical instruments.

D’AVERILL                                     see AVERILL

DAVILL, Robert (~1580-?)            son of Richard of Cookswold, Co Yorks app 1594 to James KINVIN via MT.

DAVIS, William (~1620-?)                 son of Richard of Westminster, spectacle maker app 1638 to William HARRISON via BC.

DAWKES, John (~1600-?)                 son of John of Loughton, Essex yeoman app 1616 to John STEVENSON via BC. Master to Thomas GELDER (1629).

DAWSON, Thomas (fl. 1630-1639)    Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632, transferred from Imbroaderers’ Company. Took many apprentices t/o to other makers. Nominal master to William BUNTING (qv), who was t/o to Thomas HOWSE (qv). Last recorded 1639.

DAY, John (~1615-?)                         son of William DAY fishmonger of London, app 1628 for 8 yr to John MIDNALL (qv) via GC.

DAY, William (~1616-?)                         son of Joseph DAY, plumber of London, app 1629 to Samuel LINACRE (qv) via GC.

DEBLOCK                                        see ROZEAN

DEHECK                                          see de HECK

DELANDER                                     see de LAUNE

DENNIS, John (~1595-?)                   son of John of West Looe, Cornwall carpenter app 1611 via BC to John HEWER, t/o James VAUTROLLIER 1612.

DEPREE                                           see du PREE

DESSUS, Peter (fl. 1570)                    see Peter de la MARE.

DEWELKE, Christian (fl. 1622)        see de WELKE.

DEWMELANE, John (fl. 1568)         see du MELLIN.

DIDE, John (~1640-?)                        app 1655 to John WARFIELD via BC. App Benjamin HARRIS transferred to Thomas TOMPION via CC 1677.

DIDE, Thomas (~1630-1687)              son of Thomas of Blockley, Worcestershire husbandman app 1647/8 to John WARFIELD via BC. Cousin of John HARRIS of Holborn Bridge (qv).

DIXON, Thomas (~1620-?)                son of Thomas of Funningley [Fillongley?] in Co Warwick blacksmith app 1637 for 7 years to Henry STONE via the Clothworkers’ Company.

DOSSETT, Gregory (~1637-?)           parentage unknown, app to Lionel WYTHE 1651 but t/o first to Robert GRINKIN junior (qv) and then to William ROGERS. Free of CC 1662.

van DOUGANE, Adrian (fl. 1570-1580)                   Dutch immigrant clockmaker came to England ~1570 with wife Dorothy. Lived in Liberty of Christchurch 1571 (RoA). Denizen 1572. Children buried at St Anne’s Blackfriars until 1579. Daughter Magdalene c. 1580 in the Dutch church. Probably returned to Low Countries ~1581.

DOUGLAS, Henry (~1590-1638)        son of Anthony of Southwick, Sussex clerk app 1606 to John NEWSAM via BC. Master to Matthew BOOMER, Charles HAMON, Simon JEGGON and John LAWRENCE. Will ACL 1638 when of St Andrew’s Holborn.

DOUTE, Peter (fl. 1568)                    Dutch journeyman to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv) 1568.

DOWNING, Humphrey (~1615-1667)                      son of Humphrey DOWNING barber surgeon of London, app to Anne the widow of Robert GRINKIN senior 1629 via BC. Took several apprentices through the CC. Son baptised St Dunstan’s in the West. Adm CCL 1667.

DOWNTON, John (~1615-?) son of John DOWNTON, yeoman of St Giles Cripplegate, London, app 1626 for 7 years to Richard GROSS via GC.

DOWY, Henry (~1600-?)                   son of Benjamin DOWY of Towlesbury, Essex, app 16XX to John BULL (qv) via BC for 8 years.

de van DOYN, John (fl. 1483)            German clockmaker living in Broad Street Ward, London with wife Joan 1483 (see Bolton, Alien Communities in London in the Fifteenth Century). Defendant in an action for trespass as ‘Joce van DYNE’ with wife ‘Jocanna’ in 1486 initiated by Mary STENEBERG (TNA: CP40-895).

DRAKE, John (~1606-?)                    son of John DRAKE possibly cit & blacksmith. Free BC 1628 as app of Edmund BULL (qv). Took apprentices Edward TAYLOR via BC 1629. Petitioner for CC 1630, but always at odds with them. Fined several times for binding apprentices through BC. Children baptised St Dunstan’s in the West. Took app Basil BRAND via CC 1658, free 1668. Watch in the Denniston Collection. Complainant in an equity suit in 1670 when ‘of St Mary Savoy, Middlesex, watchmaker’ (TNA: C78-1670).

DRAPER, William (~1615-?)             son of Thomas of East Retford Co Nottinghamshire tanner app 1632 for 7 years to William MORTON via the Clothworkers’ Company.

DREYSHOUT, John (fl. 1627-1632)   m. 1627 Ann WARD by CCL licence, free of CC 1632. Children baptised Dutch church.

DUBREE                                           see du BREE

DUBBER, Edward (~1565-1593)        son of Alexander, app of Peter MEDCALF via Clothworkers’ Company, free 1589. Took over Medcalf’s apprentices Robert LUMLEY, Richard WALTER and Thomas GREEN. Master to Richard STAFFORD. Died of plague in St Olave Southwark 1593, will PCC. Left tools to Peter CLARKE (qv).

DUCANEY, Nicholas (~1663-?)         son of Nicholas DUCANEY gent of London dec, app 1677 to Joseph WEBB watchmaker of Golden Lane via the Clothworkers Company.

DUDWITT, James (fl. 1622)              foreign maker working for Ferdinando GARRETT in St Martin’s 1622. Baillie links him to Jacques du DUICT of Blois, m. 1599 and returned 1645. In 1631 he published a book ‘Nouveau scialere pour fabriquer toutes sortes d’horloges solaires’. The London maker may be the same or a son of the same name, free Blois 1621 and d. there 1631.

DUICK, Matthias (fl. 1627)                journeyman of William PETTIT (qv) in the liberty of the Strand 1627.

DUPREE                                           see du PREE

DURRANT, Charles (~1510-1581)     born Paris, arrived England ~1536, journeyman to William VOTIER 1542 (RoA). Married Jean RONERY 1543. Denizen clockmaker 1544 when working on the clock at Nonsuch palace. Married 2nd Marie DAVID 1559, an Englishwoman, to the concern of the French church. In 1562 was described as a ‘blacksmith’ with an English wife and member of the French church. Working in St Leonard’s Foster Lane until his death. Deacon of the French church 1575. Will DCW.

DURRANT, Oswald (1596-1645)       son of Richard DURRANT and Sarah, sister of Marcus GHEERAERTS the younger. Free of Clothworkers’ company although no record exists. Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632. As a clothworker he was entitled to two apprentices and t/o many apprentices to others. Of St Anne’s Blackfriars, nephew of Henry ARCHER (qv). Will PCC 1645.

‘DUTCHMAN’, Henry (fl. 1541)        servant of John GRINKIN (qv) 1541 (RoA).

DYDE see DIDE

E

EAST, Edward (1602-~1695)             son of John EAST of Southill, Bedfordshire, app via GC to Richard ROGERS 1615, free 1627. An important maker (see separate chapter), petitioner 1630 and one of first CC assistants. Clockmaker to Charles I & II and James II. Established the East charity 1693 along with Henry JONES. Will PCC 1696. See Article on Edward EAST.

EAST, James (1633-1674)                  son of Edward EAST (qv), clockmaker to Charles II, with his father. Manager of factory producing pieces bearing his father’s name. Died 1674, PCC inventory (see transcript) lists journeymen. Entered into bonds with William CRAYLE (qv) for repair of a workshop in Ram Alley, destroyed in the Fire of London. See articles on Edward EAST.

EAST, Jeremy (1610-<1665)              son of John EAST of Southill, Bedfordshire, brother and app of Edward EAST (qv) via GC, free 1634. M. 1637 Catherine DAVIES, daughter of William DAVIES of Ram Alley by CCL licence. Brother of CC 1640. Took possession of a workshop in Ram Alley by Fleet Street but evicted from it following failed equity suit with John GODDARD (not the clockmaker of the same name). Took apprentice William JACKSON from Lewis COOKE. In St Christopher le Stocks 1638-1642. See article on Edward EAST.

EDE, Henry (~1620-?)                       son of Henry of Fittleworth, Sussex husbandman app 1631 to Matthew BOOMER via BC.

EDWARDS, Charles (~1645-?)          app 1661/2 to John WARFIELD via BC.

EDWARDS, John (~1635-1651)         son of Thomas of Llanberis, Carmarthenshire husbandman dec app 1650/1 to John WARFIELD via BC. Buried from Fleet Street 2 Oct 1651 at St Dunstans in the West.

EDWARDS, Thomas (?-1636)            clockmaker of St Giles Cripplegate, will PCC 1636. Friend of Robert HOLLOWAY (qv) who was overseer of the will. Died unmarried.

EDWARDS, William (~1602->1665)  app of Leonard TENNANT (qv), free of JC ~1623. Free of York 1654 and repaired Ousebridge clock 1658 (Evans, 2000). Maintained clocks at All Hallows, Staining, London (Evans, 2001) and Lambeth (Drew, 1940). Perhaps will ACL 1665 of St John’s Wapping.

ELAMENT, Martin (fl. 1620)            kept the town clock at St Albans and accepted freedom of the town as part payment (Gibbs 1890).

ELAND, John (~1620-?) son of George ELAND clerk of Lincoln app 1634 for 9 yr via GC to John CHARLTON.

ELLIDGE, Henry (~1600-?)              son of Thomas of Brade in Co Staffordshire cooper app 1617 to Thomas READ for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

ELLIS, James (~1612-?)                    son of Brian ELLIS parchment maker, free watchmaker of York 1636 by patrimony.

EUBANK, Henry (1614-<1638)          son of Michael Eubank and Mary Bull, daughter of Randolph Bull (qv), c. 23 Nov 1614 St Gregory by St Paul’s. App to Francis FOREMAN (qv) via GC, Received bequest from Bull’s widow Jane 1629, but not mentioned in mother’s will 1638 by which time he may have died.

F

FALCON, Garrett (?-1627)               goldsmith but free Brownbaker, probably app of James KIRK. Master to Martin BALLARD, Ash TOTNALL, Samuel DANNUM, Zephaniah HENSON, Richard SAWELL, Thomas HOWSE, Luke BAYERT and William FORDHAM. Unclear if he was a clockmaker but some apprentices were. Will PCC.

FANSCHER, Richard (fl. 1542-1566)                      clockmaker and ironmonger, maintainted clock at St Andrew’s Hubbard (Burgess, 1999). Children born there 1538-1548.

FARMER, George (~1608-1665)        app of Leonard TENNANT (qv) via Joiners’ Company. Apparently free of that company although no record survives. In White’s Alley, St Dunstan’s in the West 1638, 4 doors from Henry BROE (qv). Worked on several London church clocks (Evans, 2000). Master to Richard STANBOROUGH (1659) and Christopher NORRIS (1661) via BC.

FARMER, Robert (~1620-?)              app 1636 to and probably relation of George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company (Evans, 2000).

FARMER, Thomas (fl. 1640-1653)     of London, father of following. Warned 1640 by CC not to make watch cases. Brother of CC 1653.

FARMER, Thomas (~1630-?)            son of above, app 1645 to John BULL via BC.

FARRER, Samuel (~1625-?)              son of Roger FARRER, tailor, free watchmaker of York 1648 by patrimony.

FETTERS, Henry (1625->1667)         son of Nicholas FETTERS (qv) c. 29 Sep 1625 at St Margaret’s Westminster. Baillie records him as free BC 1630, but this is another. Known to CC but never free. Daughter Priscilla c. 1658 and buried 1660 in St Margaret’s. Took app William ROBINSON 1667 via CC.

FETTERS, Nicholas (fl. 1625-1662)   brother of CC 1632. Promised to bind his app Thomas TAYLOR through CC but did not. Children born St Margaret’s Westminster, Baillie records him there 1662. Father of Henry FETTERS (qv).

FIELD, George (~1590-?)                  son of Henry FIELD, vintner of London, app 1605 for 9 years to Henry MOORE (qv) via GC.

FIELD, Thomas (~1615-?)                 son of Thomas of Artlinborough co Northampton tector dec app 1632 for 7 years to William MORTON via the Clothworkers’ Company.

FINCH, William (?-1593)                  servant of John TYCE (qv), buried at St Anne Blackfriars.

FITZWATER, John (fl. 1538-1542)   worked as clockmaker to Henry VIII at Beaulieu.

FLUDD                                             see also LLOYD

FLUDD, Walter (abt 1583-?)             son of John FLUDD of Newton, Co Hereford app 1597 to James KINVIN via the Merchant Tailors.

FLUE, Mr (fl. 1609)                           see Humphrey LLOYD.

FONNEREAU, Nicholas (d.<1634)    French, clockmaker to James VI in Scotland. Married Elspeth ROBERTSON, her will proved at Edinburgh 1634.

FOONES alias FOWNES, George (~1612-1679)      born East Bergholt, Suffolk, app of Richard NURSE (qv) via JC, free 1646/7 (Evans, 2000). Master to John HOUGHTON (1662) via BC. Will ACL 1679 of St Botolph’s Aldgate.

FOONYER, John (fl. 1540)                servant to Sebastian le SENE (qv) 1540 (RoA). cf. FONNEREAU.

FORDHAM, William (~1609-?)         son of Henry, cit & draper, app 1623 to Martin BALLARD (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company, t/o 1625 to Garrett FALCON. Witness to Falcon’s will 1627.

FOREMAN, Francis (~1588-1635)     son of Richard FOREMAN of Northampton, app 1602 for 8 years via GC to Randolph BULL (qv), free 1610. An important maker who inherited BULL’s business 1617. Pieces signed ‘Francis FOREMAN by St Paul’s’. Petitioner for CC 1622 and presented the successful petition to Charles for CC 1630. Master of Henry EUBANK 1629. First assistant of CC 1632. Died 1 Jun 1635, Will PCC, IPM 1635.

FORRETT George (~1624-?)             son of Andrew FORRETT of St. Andrews, Scotland Gent and Janet RAMSAY, app 1637 for 9 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv). Undoubtedly related to David RAMSAY. Not free – no other details.

FORTUNA, Lawrence (fl. 1560)        see FOULSTONE, Lawrence

FOULSTONE, Lawrence (fl. 1559-1571)                 French journeyman to Peter de la MARE (qv), born Normandy.

FOWLER, Joseph (~1620-1698?)       app to George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1634, free 1640/1 (Evans, 2000). Possibly Adm ACL 1698.

FOWNES                                          see FOONES

FRANKLIN, Samuel (~1600-?)          son of Nicholas of St Olave Southwark feltmaker deceased app 1613 for 7 years to Richard STAFFORD via the Clothworkers’ Company.

FREEMAN, William (~1594-?)          son of Henry FREEMAN of Stamford in Northamptonshire yeoman, app 1609 for 9 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv). One of this name, blacksmith of St Dunstan’s in the West married Bridget HAWKINS by CCL licence 1619.

FRISBY, John (fl. 1412) (FRYSSBY) clockmaker, defendant in an action for debt in Derbyshire initiated by John DEL MORE of Beverley (TNA: CP40-605).

FROMANTEEL, Ahasuerus (1609-1693)                born Norwich, son of Mordecai. Moved to London 1629, free BC as ‘clockmaker of East Smithfield’ 1630. Free CC 1632. An important maker, first to import the pendulum to England (Plomp, 1971; Loomes, 1975). Will CCL 1693.

FROMANTEEL, Samuel (~1640-?)   app 1653 to Andrew PRIME via BC.

FRUMANT, William (~1635-?)          app of Richard NURSE (qv) via JC 1649, free 1656 (Evans, 2000).

FULLER, Michael (~1625-?)              son of Edward of Hedon, Yorks husbandman app 1641 to William GREENHOUGH via BC.

FURNACE           see FURNESS

FURNESS, Joseph (~1685-?)              son of Thomas of St Botolph’s Aldgate clerk app 1699 to brother Thomas FURNESS via BC.

FURNESS, Thomas (~1670-?)            son of Thomas of St Botolph’s Aldgate of London clerk app 1687 to Alexander WARFIELD via BC. Free of City of London 1694/5.

G

GALE, Robert (fl. 1647)                    free of Clothworkers Company, master to William CARTER (1647) when described as ‘clockmaker of Fleet Lane’. Possibly son of Roger Gale (see below) who was given freedom of GC by patrimony in 1648 as ‘Roger’.

GALE, Roger (~1592-~1625)              son of Anthony of Burniston. Yorkshire farmer app 1606 to Robert LUMLEY for 8 years via Clothworkers’ Company, free 1614. Apprentices are: Nicholas HARRISON (1617), Richard ROBINSON (1618), Richard GILBERT (1622).

GALLARD                                        see GILLIARD

GARANDER, Claude                        see GARENDEAU

GARENDEAU, Claude (d. 1622)       married Paris 1608. The Garandeau family were clockmakers to the Queen of France. Identified in 1622 in Blackfriars. Buried St Anne’s 17 Jul 1622. Adm CCL 1622.

GARDINER, Michael (~1587-?) son of John GARDINER gent of Barwell, Cambridgeshire app 1600 for 10 yr to Nicholas RIDGDALE via GC. Master of Thomas TURLINGTON (1611) via GC at which time he is described as a clockmaker.

GARRETT, Ferdinando (1575-1626) son of Jacques GARRETT, apothecary from Antwerp, c. 1575 St Dunstan’s in the East. Free of BC by redemption 1610, and also free of Grocers (father’s Company) by redemption 1618. Petitioner for CC 1622 when working in St Leonard Foster Lane. Employed James DUDWOTT (qv) and Isaac PERONE (qv) 1622. Adm 1626 DCW. Thompson (2003) describes a watch.

GARYTES, James (fl. 1551-1552)      servant with John GELDAR (qv) in St Olave’s, Southwark (RoA).

GATES, Samuel (d.<1662)                 watchmaker of London, father to Samuel jr who was app 1662 via Clothworkers’ Company. See also YATES.

van GAYLE                                      see van GHEELE

GAYWOOD, Richard (~1662-?)        son of Richard GAYWOOD of Thiselworth, Middx, app 1676 to Joseph WEBB, watchmaker of Golden Lane, London.

[GEERING, Thomas (?-1617)            will PCC 1617 of Thomas GERNING alias GEERING is indexed as clockmaker, but truly reads clothmaker.]

GELDAR alias AGELDAR, John (1526->1571)       born Cleveland, came to England 1541 as app to Giles MACE. Recorded as John AGELDAR in St Olave’s Southwark 1551, 1552 and 1559, with servants James GARYTES and John CRERSES. In 1568 and 1571, next to Peter MEDCALF (qv), with servant John JOHEAS (RoA). Maintained clock at All Hallows, Staining, London 1571 (Evans, 2001). Possibly buried St Martin Coney St, York 1580.

GELDER, Thomas (~1615-?)             son of Thomas of Tanfield Durham smith dec app 1629 to John DAWKES via BC.

GELL, John (~1610-?)                       son of Edward GELL locksmith, free watchmaker of York 1634 by patrimony.

GERNING                                        see GEERING

van GHEELE, Giles (?-1592)             alias van GAYLE and VANGALAND, Dutch clockmaker, son of Yonster. Came to England ~1575 from the town of Gheele with father who had ‘all his possessions taken by thenemye’.  Lived in St Martin’s le Grand 1576 and 1582 with John LYST, goldsmith (RoA). Initiated an action for debt in 1578 against Thomas WRIGHT of the Savoy or London, crossbowmaker (TNA: CP40-1354-671d). Married 1582 Helen (Hellekyn) EMONDTS, children baptised at the Dutch church. Admon DCW 1592. Pieces include a watch at the British Museum.

GIFFORD, Richard (~1615-?)           son of John of Trinity, Jersey clerk dec app 1631 to Thomas HOLLAND via BC.

GILBERT, Richard (1605-?)             son of Ambrose of Andover in Co Berks tapster app 1622 for 8 years to Roger GALE via the Clothworkers’ Company.

GILLES, Robert (~1565-?)                App of Michael NOUWEN (qv), appears in St Peter le Poer and All Hallows by the Wall parish subsidy 1582.

GILLIARD, John (fl. 1550)                journeyman of Lewis BILLIARD (qv) 1551 in St Clement Danes (RoA).

GILLIARD, Nicholas (fl. 1549)          journeyman of Lewis BILLIARD (qv) 1549 in St Clement Danes (RoA). Possibly the same as Nicholas GALYARD, denizen 1537 and/or 1540.

GILPIN, Edmund (1606-1678)           son of Richard GILPIN, citizen & Leatherseller, c. 16 Feb 1606 at Bermondsey. Petitioner for CC 1630 and brother CC 1632. Free of Leathersellers’ by patrimony 1632. Lived in St Stephen’s Coleman Street. Took app William WOODINGTON (1638 via Richard MASTERSON), Michael BIRD (1648 via Thomas TAYLOR), Daniel MANLEY (1650 via Thomas TAYLOR), James MARKWICK (1656 via Thomas TAYLOR), Joseph DUKE (1666 via James MARKWICK), Henry SHUTTLEWORTH (~1662), James WOOD (1668 via James MARKWICK) and John BRADLEY (1671 via James MARKWICK). Father-in-law to James MARKWICK. Will PCC 1678.

GLASE alias DE GLASSE, Andrew (fl. 1576)         servant of Charles DURRANT 1576 (RoA).

GLUMMER, Peter (fl. 1582/3)           see de la MARE, Peter.

GOALLEN, James (fl. 1622)              foreign maker 1622 with Cornelius MELLIN (qv). Possibly a corruption of GUERLIN.

GODDARD, John (fl. 1615-1618)       born Paris, came to England 1615. Identified as a ‘papist’ in 1618 RoA, working for Isaac SIMMS (qv).

GODROME (fl. 1622)                        foreign maker in the 1622 petition when working with ‘John CANNING behind St Clement’s Church’.

GOOCH, William (~1624-?)              son of Robert GOOCH of London, merchant, app 1639 to Edmund GRINKIN (qv) via BC for 8 years.

GOODALL, Richard (~1600-?)          son of Richard of Croscombe, Somerset, fuller app 1615 to John STEVENSON via BC.

GOODYEAR, William (~1620-?)       son of John cit & weaver dec app 1635 to Richard CHILD via BC.

Le GRAND, Francis (fl. 1646)            brother of CC 1646. A François le GRAND was a founder member of the Rouen corporation in 1617.

Le GRAND, James (1616->1664)       brother of CC 1640, French. In that year married Katherine BRISTOW by CCL licence, at which time he was a gentleman of St Dunstan’s in the West. Fined 1645 for employing an unlicensed journeyman. Witness to will of Luke RICHARDS (qv) 1664.

GRAUNT Nicholas (~1630-?)             son of Thomas of Aynsome co Oxon farmer dec app 1646 to William MORTON for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

GREATOREX, Ralph (~1625-1675)   parentage unknown, appr via CC to Thomas DAWSON, t/o to Elias ALLEN (qv). Free of CC 1653. Took several apprentices through CC and known to have travelled extensively abroad. Will PCC.

GREBAUVAL, Jean (fl. 1622)           next to the New Exchange with two apprentices in 1622 petition. Baillie identifies one of this name in France 1597.

GREEN, James (1636-<1697)           son of Robert GREEN cit and girdler and Angelett EAST, sister of Edward (qv), bap 1636 St Dunstan’s in the West. App 1650 to Walter GIBBS but t/o 1651/2 to John DODSWORTH. Loomes suggests he is in Gloucester 1685. See article on Edward EAST.

GREEN, Peter (fl. 1559-1564)            servant of John JENTE (qv) in Southwark. One of this name was in St Benet’s parish, Castle Baynard ward in 1564 (RoA).

GREEN, Thomas (~1570-?)               probably app of Peter MEDCALF, t/o to Edward DUBBER, free of Clothworkers’ Company 1594.

GREENHAUGH, William (~1610-?)  son of Lawrence of Ipstown, Staffordshire husbandman app 1625 to Daniel SAUNDERS via BC. Master to Isaac HAWKS (1639), Thomas IRELAND (1640), Richard VESEY (1640) and Michael FULLER (1641).

GRENDON see GRINDON

GRIME, John (~1572-?)                    son of Edward GRIME of Denshanger, Northamptonshire, app for 9 years 1594 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Not free – no other details.

GRIMES, Edward (~1623-1665)        parentage unknown, app via CC to Richard MASTERSON t/o to Elias ALLEN. A dispute arose about his apprenticeship and was not admitted to CC. Adm CCL 1665 when of St Botolph’s Bishopsgate.

GRINDON, Henry (fl 1633-1652) son of Joseph GRINDON [?], free of the Drapers’ Company 1633 by patrimony, but watchmaker of Shoe Lane. Master to Thomas BELSON (1635), John CONY (1636), both of whom are also entered in BC records. Free brother of CC 1640/1 and Assistant 1646. Watches signed ‘Henry Grendon by the Exchange‘. Admon PCC 1652 at which time at St Bartholomew’s by the Exchange, London.

GRINKIN, Edmund (~1615-1657)      son of Robert GRINKIN the elder (qv), c. 26 Nov 1615 in St Dunstan’s in the West. Brother to Robert the younger (qv). Free of BC 1637. Recorded in The Hague (Leopold 1989). Buried in St Dunstan’s 22 Jan 1657/8.

GRINKIN alias CONHAM, John (fl. 1541-1590)     One of this name in St Martin le Grand 1541 was master to John BARGAYNE (qv), Henry DUTCHMAN (qv) and Richard van ROY (qv) (RoA).  His will describes him as a cordwainer, but his use of Bargayne and the subsequent involvement of other Grinkins in clock manufacture may suggest links to the clockmaking community. Will 1590 DCW.

GRINKIN, John (fl. 1571-1602)         possibly son of above, maintained the clock at All Hallows, Staining, London 1571-1602 (Evans, 2001). Possibly linked to Robert GRINKIN (qv).

GRINKIN, Robert (~1575-1626)        parentage unknown, free of BC <1597. Married 1599 Anne WHITWELL in St Bride’s, London, sister of Charles WHITWELL (qv). An important maker. Petitioner for CC 1622. Buried 20 Jun 1626 in St Dunstan’s in the West, will PCC (see transcript).

GRINKIN, Robert (~1603-1660)        son of Robert GRINKIN senior (qv) and Anne WHITWELL. Probably app to his father, free of BC ~1632 and free of CC that year. An important maker. Master of CC 1648, 1649 and 1654. Will PCC, buried in St Dunstan’s in the West.

GRINKIN, Robert (1605->1662)        probably son of John GRINKIN of St Martin’s in the Fields, c. 1605. 1632 married Elizabeth TOOGOOD in Exeter and remained there as a clockmaker, although not free. Undoubtedly linked with Peter SAVAGE (qv). Repaired clock of St Mary Arches, Exeter 1662.

le GRO, Nicholas (d.1603)                 journeyman to Nicholas VALLIN (qv), died of plague and buried St Anne’s Blackfriars 1 Oct 1603.

GROSE, Anthony (~1610-?) son of Lawrence GROSE of Southampton, Hants, merchant, app 1625 for 7 years via GC to Cornelius YATE. Not free of GC. Brother of below.

GROSE, Richard (~1605-?) son of Lawrence GROCE [sic] of Southampton, Hants, Merchant, app 1616 for 7 years to Robert ROTHWOOD, free of GC 1626. Took app via GC John DOWNTON (1628). Free of CC in 1632 through whom he took app Christopher DESBOROUGH 1658.

GRYLES, Mr (fl. 1630)                      Petitioner for CC 1630. Possibly a mistranscription of GRIMES (qv).

GUYES, Christopher (1548->1571)    born in Luke (sic), came to England 1564, worked for Peter MEDCALF (qv) in 1571 (RoA). Undoubtedly same as Christopher TENNS, recorded with Medcalf 1568.

H

HACKETT, Simon (~1610-1665)     citizen & goldsmith, son of Maurice HACKETT citizen & scrivener of London, app 1622 for 8 years to Isaac SYMMS via GC. Free of GC 1630 as the app of Isaac SYMMS, t/o to Samuel LINACRE. M. 1631 Mary PHILIPS at St Margaret Pattens, children at St Michael Cornhill. Brother of CC 1632, assistant 1635, Warden 1637 and Master 1646 and 1659. Will PCC 1665 buried St Michael Cornhill, London. Bequests to Thomas TAYLOR, Thomas WILSON, Thomas ROTHERHAM and Christopher MAYNARD (all ex-apprentices) and Edward EAST (qv).

HAILE, Richard (~1615-?)                app 1631 to William EDWARDS (qv) via Joiners’ Company. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

HALFE, John (fl. 1635)                     watchmaker in 1635. His wife Ann was born in ‘Pockenri’ in France and lodged with Roger FISHER ‘for the last 4 months since they came to England’ (RoA). In Holborn Cross precinct.

HALSTAFFE, Peter (1599->1671)     son of Ralph HALSTAFFE c. 1599 at St Sidwell, Exeter, app to William HOPPIN (qv) ~1614. Free of Exeter 1637, repaired several Exeter church clocks. Recorded as poor in St Paul’s Exeter 1671 (see Ponsford 1985).

HALL, John (~1590-?)                       so of Lancelot HALL of Durham, app 1606 for 10 yr to Charles BATCHELOR (qv) via the GC. Free of them 1615.

HALL, Robert (?-1594/5)                   servant of John TYCE, cutler, ‘who did hang himself and was buried at the Thames Hard by Blackfriars Bridge’.

HAMMOND, Samuel (~1615-?)         son of Stephen, cit & Tallow chandler, app 1629 to John PINNOCK via PC, free 1637.

HAMON, Charles (~1615-?)              son of Charles of Acton, Middx clerk dec app 1628 to Henry DOUGLAS via BC.

HANCOCK, John (fl. 1613)               of Holborn, named in Middlesex Sessions records 1613.

HANSON, Paul (fl. 1627)                   clockmaker of St Martins in the Fields in 1627, living with Josias CUPER (qv).

HARKESWORTH, Robert (d. 1609) servant to Robert GRINKIN the elder (qv), buried in St Dunstan’s in the West 5 May 1609.

HARRIS, Anthony (?-1690)               free brother of CC 1683 as a great clockmaker. Will ACL 1690 when of St James Clerkenwell.

HARRIS, Benjamin (~1655-<1704)    apprentice of John DIDE (qv) although apprenticeship not recorded in BC, t/o Thomas TOMPION. Free CC 1677. Took apprentice via BC Gregory NICKLIS (1681).  

HARRIS, Christopher (~1580-1609)  son of William of Hanborough, Oxfordshire weaver App 1597 to Bartholomew TORR via BC, but t/o 1605 Leonard TENNANT (qv) of the Joiners’ Company. Of St Sepulchre’s without Aldgate, will CCL (Evans, 2000).

HARRIS, John (1597-?)                     son of George HARRIS of St Martins in the Fields, yeoman, c. 31 May 1597. His mother remarried John GRINKIN of St Martin’s after his father’s death. App 1612 for 9 years via BC to Robert GRINKIN senior (qv). Free of BC 16xx. Petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630; assistant 1632. Master of CC 1641 and 1644-5. Took appr via BC John OWEN (1632), John CHAMPION (1632) and Peter PHILLIPS (1633). Also made mathematical instruments.

HARRIS, John (~1635->1708)            possibly son of George of Shotteswell, Warwick tailor deceased, app 1651 to John BROXON via BC. Free CC 1659 as apprentice of William PETTY, hence, if these are the same, indicates that he was unofficially t/o. Worked at Holborn Bridge.

HARRIS, John (~1645-1697)              app 1660 to Thomas DIDE via BC, probably nephew of John HARRIS of Holborn Bridge. Free brother of CC 1690, paid quarterage until 1697.

HARRISON, Nicholas (~1600-)          son of William of Whitby in Co York spurrier deceased app 1617 to Roger GALE for 8 years via the Clothworkers’ Company. One of this name m. 1632 Priscilla BILCLIFFE in Whitby (see BILCLIFFE).

HARRISON, Thomas (1611-?)           son of William of Gravigg in Kendal, Co Westmoreland clothier c. 1611 at Kendal, app 1629 for 8 years to Henry STONE via the Clothworkers’ Company. Apprenticeship rearranged 1630 to William MOORTON.

HARRISON, William (fl. 1622-1630) son of Thomas, app of William EDWARDS via BC, t/o from Thomas CLARKE. Free of BC 1627, married 1622 by CCL licence Elizabeth EATON, when described as of St Bride’s. Apps via BC Alexander COATES (1628) and William DAVIS (1638).

HARVEY alias HARRY, John (~1557-<1608)          app of Peter MEDCALF (qv), free of Clothworkers’ Company 1578. Father of Robert and Thomas HARVEY (qv). In 1598 accompanied Thomas DALLAM with a clock for the Sultan of Turkey. Master to Christopher WARRENER and Henry STEVENS (qv).

HARVEY, Robert (fl. 1588)               probably linked to John HARVEY (brother?) and trained in Peter MEDCALF’s workshop. Free clockmaker of Oxford in 1588, paid 40/- redemption. Often confused with the following.

HARVEY, Robert (~1580-1615)         son of John HARVEY (qv) citizen and clothworker and ‘boy’ of Peter MEDCALF (qv). Received bequest of £5 in will of Peter MEDCALF. Possibly taught by father, free by patrimony 1604. Maintained clocks at All Hallows, Staining (1602-1605), St Giles (1606-1608) and St Benet Paul’s Wharf (1614) (Evans, 2001). Master to James HUGHES, John BULLBY and Thomas HARVEY. Pieces signed ‘Robert Harvey in Little Britain’, will ACL when of St Botolph’s Aldersgate, witnessed by Peter HUGHES (qv). Manufacturer of early English lantern clocks.

HARVEY, Simon (fl. 1592-1630)        App of Peter MEDCALF (qv), received his tools in his will. Free of Clothworkers’ Company 1608. Master to Robert BEDFORD (1611), Ralph COLLINS (1613), Gregory HOWELL (1624) and John BROWN (1630). Ironmonger to the Clothworkers’ Company 1622-1630.

HARVEY, Thomas (~1593->1618)     son of John HARVEY (qv) and app to brother Robert 1608 via Clothworkers’. Received brother’s tools on his death 1615, free that year. Master to Thomas IVES (1616) and Thomas LELLO (1618).

HARWOOD, Benjamin (~1605-?)      son of Ralph app to Edmund BULL and free of BC 1626. Master to Peter SOUTH (1627).

HARWOOD, Richard (~1579-?)        appr of Charles BATCHELOR (qv) 1596 via the GC.

HAVARD, Walter (~1593-?)              son of Thomas yeoman of Willesley, Herefordshire app 1608 for 8 yr to Charles BATCHELOR (qv) via GC.

HAWKS, Isaac (1625-?)                     son of Abraham cit and blacksmith app 1639 to William GREENHOUGH via BC.

HAWKINS, Matthew (~1598-?)         son of John HAWKINS, clerk of Eden…, Northamptonshire app 1613 for 9 yr to Nicholas RIDGDALE (qv) via the GC.

HAYE, Francis (~1615-?)    son of Francis of Tedbury Co Gloucester candler deceased app 1627 for 7 years to William MORTON via the Clothworkers’ Company.

HEARNE, Mr (fl. 1630)                     Petitioner for CC 1630, in rates for St Dunstan’s in the West 1634. May correspond to an Adm CCL 1634 for Henry HERNE. Possibly = HERON.

HEATH, Stephen (~-)                        son of Robert of Little Hinton Co Wilts yeoman app 1631 to Thomas READE for 8 years via the Clothworkers’ Company. Free of them 1639. Master to John BERRY (1642) when a ‘smith of Fenchurch Street’, Joseph CHESHIRE (1646).

de HECK, Gerard (fl. 1611-1630)      case engraver born Overijssel in Holland. The inscription ‘de Heck sculpt’ appears on two watches by David RAMSAY (qv). Believed married in Blois 1611, a daughter Susan baptised in St Martin’s in the Fields 1619, and another, Mary, c. 9 May 1622 in St Bride’s Fleet Street.

HELDEN, Onisephorus (~1600-1662)                    son of Derek Helden, minister of Little Stambridge, Essex, app 1615 to Isaac SIMMS via GC; free of them 1622. Of St Margaret’s Westminster, petitioner for CC 1630. Admitted 1632; warden 1646. Took app via GC Lancelot MEREDITH 1623, William SELLINGER 1625, Thomas LOOPE 1627, George WYTHE 1627, Henry PEIRCE 1630, Henry KENT 1633, John TOMSON 1634 and via CC Robert MARSTON (1649, via Jeremy BAYNES), William BREWER (1654 via Lionel WYTHE) & William CLOPTON (1655 via Samuel HORNE). Children baptised in St Margaret Westminster 1624-1635, made mathematical instruments. Will DCW 1662.

HENSON, Zephaniah (~1604-?)         son of William of Overton, Northants, glover, app 1619 to Garrett FALCON via the Brownbakers’ Company.

HENTZ, Ulrich (fl. 1605)                   German, sold watches to the Crown 1605.

HERNE                                             see HEARNE and HERON

HERON, Henry (~1618-?)                  son of Edmund of Bullcoate, Nottinghamshire, gent, app 1632 for 8 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv). Married 1642 Katherine CRAYLE, Richard’s sister c. 1613 Grantham.

HERRIOT, Thomas (~1625-?)           app of George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1641 (Evans, 2000).

HERWICK, Nicholas (fl. 1580-1592)  Goldsmith, Britten records him in Cheapside 1580. Married 1582 by CCL licence to Juliana STONE. In St Vedast Foster Lane 1582. Will PCC 1592.

HEWES                                                                  see HUGHES

HILDERSAM, Francis (~1621-?)       appr of William BROWN (qv) via the GC.

HILL, Benjamin (1617-1670)             son of John of Rowington, Warwick wheelwright c. 1617 at Hatton. a. 1632 to Richard CHILD via BC. Brother of CC 1640. Worked in Fleet Street, Assistant 1651, Warden 1652, Master 1657-1659. Took several apprentices through CC. Close to Edward East for whom he probably worked. Children born St Dunstan’s in the West. Will PCC 1670 of Fetter Lane, inventory court of orphans.

HILL, John (fl. 1630)                         Petitioner for CC 1630. Possibly goldsmith in Lombard Street 1624-1646 or cit & pewterer, free of PC 1620.

HILLS, John (~1555-?)                      app of Peter MEDCALF (qv), free of Clothworkers’ 1577.

de HINDE, Jeremy (fl. 1608)              inherited tools from brother Peter de HINDE (qv) 1608. Married 1608 Elizabeth MARTIN at St Anne Blackfriars; daughter Winifred baptised 1609.

de HINDE, Peter (?-1608)                  immigrant clockmaker of Blackfriars, children baptised in Dutch church. Will CCL 1608. Left tools to brother Jeremy DE HINDE (qv). Made a clock for Westminster Abbey. Apprentice John LAMPARD (qv) had not completed term 1608. Possibly also trained James VAUTROLLIER (qv). See also de LYND.

de HINDE, Rowland (fl.1573-1594)    see de LYND.

HINTON                                           see HENTON

HOBSON, John (fl. 1630)                  Petitioner for CC 1630.

HOLLAND, John (fl. 1630)                Petitioner for CC 1630. Possibly brother of Thomas HOLLAND (qv), c. 19 Sep 1594 St Bride’s Fleet Street.

HOLLAND, Thomas (1599-1667)      son of Henry HOLLAND of London, clerk c. 16 Mar 1599 St Bride’s Fleet Street. App of Piers POWELL via BC 1613, but t/o 1616 to Cornelius MELLIN (qv). Apprentices via BC Thomas LISTER (1628, 1635), Francis WEDDALL (1629), Richard GIFFORD (1631), Robert WALSALL (1631), William ANNABLES (1638). Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632. Assistant of CC 1652, Master 1660. Received CC charity 1667.

HOLLOWAY, Robert (fl. 1630-1638) Petitioner for CC 1630, free 1632. ‘Loving friend’ of Thomas EDWARDS (qv) 1636. In 1638 was in St Martin in the Vintry.

HOOKE, John (~1611-?)                   app 1633 to Richard MASTERSON (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company.

HOPPIN, Charles (?-1606)                Exeter locksmith, repaired church clock at Woodbury Devon. Adm ACEx 1606, left estate to son Matthew (qv), also father of William (qv).

HOPPIN, John (v. 1588)                    paid by the churchwardens of Woodbury church for repairs to the clock. Probably linked to Charles HOPPIN.

HOPPIN, Matthew (?-1625)               son of Charles HOPPIN (qv), m. Joan PERE at St Mary Major, Exeter. Repaired several clocks in an around Exeter and built the clock and automata of ‘Matthew the Miller’ at St Mary Steps church. A bond with the churchwardens of Totnes survives. Died 1625, Adm ACEx to brother William (qv) (see Ponsford 1985).

HOPPIN, William (1603-1643)           son of Charles HOPPIN (qv) c. 1603 at St Sidwell, Exeter. Father d. 1606, hence trained by brother Matthew (qv). Took over brother’s business including the upkeep of the Totnes clock. Married Jane WOOLCOMBE 1626. Will ACEx 1643 which left estate to infant son William. Master to Joseph BRANSCOMBE (who inherited tools), Peter HALSTAFFE and John PERIAM (qv) (see Ponsford 1985).

le HORLOGER, Bastien (fl. C16)      see Sebastian le SENE.

HOUGHTON, John (~1645-?)           app 1662 to Richard ELL via BC t/o George FOWNES cit and joiner.

HOULGATE, Henry (~1600-?)          son of James of Leeds Co York clothworker dec app 1613/4 to Robert LUMLEY for 9 years via Clothworkers’ Company. Free 1635.

HOWELL, Gregory (1608-?)             son of Gregory HOWELL late of London blacksmith c. 1608 at St Michael Bassishaw, London. App 1624 via the Clothworkers’ Company to Simon HARVEY for 7 years.

HOWSE, Thomas (1607-1643)           son of John HOWSE of Eastwell Kent, c. 21 Aug 1607; app 1622 to Garrett FALCON via Brownbakers’ Company, free 1629. Petitioner for CC 1630. Took app John STENT (1635) and William BUNTING (1637) via Brownbakers, the latter simultaneously with CC (nominally to Thomas DAWSON). Also master to Henry WANSEY via GC. after t/o from Francis BURROWS. Warden of Brownbakers 1637, assistant of CC 1640, warden of CC 1642. Will PCC 1643 when of St Stephen’s Coleman Street.

HUDGEBAUT, Abraham (1598->1643)                   son of Charles HUDGEBAUT, c. 26 Mar 1598 in Dutch church, London. Cousin and possibly journeyman to Michael NOUWEN (qv). Received Nouwen’s tools in latter’s will. Married Elizabeth de HEM 1628; children baptised in the Dutch Church 1633-1642.

HUDLEY, Peter (fl. 1635)                  enameller born Germany, living in Spitalfields 1635 (RoA).

HUE or HUGHES, Pierre or Peter (fl. 1605-1658)   French, arrived in England ~1605 possibly from Hels in Flanders (RoA). Witnessed will of Robert HARVEY (qv) 1615. Brother of BC 1628 with Henry ARCHER (qv) and Richard MASTERSON (qv) when described as ‘English foreign’. CC petitioner 1630, joined CC 1632. In 1635, when living in Blackfriars, he had three French lodgers from Paris. Children baptised at French church and buried in St Ann Blackfriars. Assistant of CC 1658.

HUGHES, James (~1590-?)                app to Robert HARVEY, free of Clothworkers’ Company 1613.

HUNT, George (~1625-?)   son of Thomas of Steward’s Hyde [Winslow] Herefordshire gent dec app 1638 to John HARRIS via BC.

HUSSET, Henry (fl. 1484-6) clockmaker of ‘St Clement Danes without the New Temple Bars’, defendant in an actions for debt initiated by Thomas WILLIAMS (1485, TNA: CP40-891), William DOWSTOWE (1484, TNA: CP40-892), William DANSTOWE (1485, TNA:CP40-893). Defendant in case of debt initiated Thomas WILLIAM of Edelmeton in 1486, at which time he was clockmaker in ‘St Mary Stronde’ (TNA: CP40-895).

HUTCHINSON, John (fl. 1622)         app to Cornelius MELLIN (qv) in 1622 petition.

I

IRELAND, Henry (1618-1663)           son of John IRELAND of St Asaph, Flintshire, app 1632 via Clothworkers’ Company to William SELWOOD, free 1640. Master to Thomas BARTHOLOMEW (1642) via Clothworkers. Brother of CC 1654, took three appr via CC. Adm ACL 1663 St Mary Lothbury.

IRELAND, Thomas (1625-?)             son of William of Norwell, Northants yeoman dec app 1640 to William GREENHOUGH via BC.

IVERY, John (fl. 1548-1560)              Repaired the clock of St Margaret Westminster 1548. Will DCW 1560.

IVES, Thomas (~1602-?)                    son of Thomas of Burnham, Bucks, app 1616 to Thomas HARVEY via the Clothworkers’ company.

J

JACKSON, Richard (fl. 1632)            free of CC 1632.

JACKSON, William (~1619-1644)      son of Lawrence JACKSON of Wilton, Yorkshire app 1633 for 7 yr to Lewis COOK (qv) via GC. Free of them 1642 when recorded as having been t/o to Jeremy EAST. Goldsmith records state died 1644.

JACOB, John (fl. 1622)                      foreign maker in 1622 petition when working with Paul JACOB (brother?) for ‘Mr SMITH’ probably either John or George SMITH (qv).

JACOB, Paul (fl. 1622)                      foreign maker in 1622 petition when working with John JACOB (brother?) for ‘Mr SMITH’ probably either John or George SMITH (qv).

JANNION alias JENNINGS, William (1581->1606)           c. 1581 Chester, probably son of Hugh. Free of Chester 1601/2. In 1606 admitted to Mayor that he owed £40 to the Crown and was bound to appear before the court. Nephew of John ALMOND (qv).

JANSON, Martin (fl. 1561)                from Zeeland, appears as foreign clockmaker in RoA 1561.

JARRETT, Richard (fl. 1630-1632)    Free of CC 1632, entered into petition with David RAMSAY (qv) 1630.

JEGGON, Simon (~1615-?)                son of Richard of Old Ford, Middx smith dec app 1627 to Henry DOUGLAS via GC.

JELLY, John (fl. 1611-1619)              app of William WYNNARD, free of Merchant Taylors Company 1607. Took Abraham and Simon BARTRAM (qv) as app 1611. It is not known if he was a clockmaker. One of this name, a broker of St Bartholomew’s the Great, married 1613 Ann GREEN of the Savoy by CCL licence.

JENNION                                         see JANNION

JENTE, John (fl. 1559-1568)              one of this name recorded in Southwark 1559 employing Peter GREEN. In 1568, a journeyman of John du MELLIN (qv) (RoA).

JESSON, Thomas (~1609-?)               son of Thomas JESSON of Bradford, Yorks app 1623 to John BULLBY (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company. The CC confiscated rulers from an ironmonger called Jesson ‘near the Bars without Aldgate’ 1671/2 who may be the same man.

JESSOP, Edward (~1596-?)               son of William JESSOP of Brancliff, Yorkshire, esquire, app 1610 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Not free – no other details.

JOHEAS, John (fl. 1568)                   born Flanders, servant to John GELDAR 1568.

JOHNS, Richard (~1603->1648)         app of John SAVAGE (qv), free of Exeter 1628. Married master’s daughter Margaret; son Richard born Crediton 1635. Possibly father of the William JOHNS below.

JOHNS, William (~1610-?)                son of John WYN of Amblough Co Anglesey innkeeper app 1624 for 7 years to Henry STONE via the Clothworkers’ Company. Apprentice: William NEVETT (1637).

JOHNS, William (~1635-?)                probably son of Richard JOHNS and grandson of John SAVAGE (qv), app 1649 to Leonard WYTHE, but t/o to Robert GRINKIN junior. Not free in London but may one of this name in St Mary Major Exeter in 1660.

JOHNSON, Cornelius (fl. 1550)         journeyman of Lewis BILLIARD (qv) in St Clement Danes in RoA. A common name. One of this name buried in St Clement Danes 1563.

JOHNSON, Francis (~1585-?)            app 1600 to Nicholas BOWYER via PC, t/o William BOWYER (qv). Free of PC 1609.

JOHNSON, James (~1565-?)              app of Francis NOUWEN (qv). Present on 1582 subsidy in St Anne’s Blackfriars.

JOHNSON, John (1550->1622)          m. 1576 by CCL licence to Joan BOWLDREN of St Leonards Stratford, Essex when described as of the City of London. Later clockmaker of Stratford Langthorne, Essex. Deponent in the ConCL case Perry als More vs. Warren, with wife Joan 1610, then aged 59. Mentioned in will of Isaac SIMMES (qv) 1622. Possibly cit & pewterer or cit & joiner.

JOHNSON, Leonard (fl. 1541)           of Nottingham, repaired clocks for the Earl of Shrewsbury 1541.

JOHNSON, Roger (fl. 1630)               Petitioner for CC 1630. One of this name in St Nicholas Cole Abbey 1638.

JONES, Evan (~1614-1684)                son of David JONES miller of Denbighshire, app 1630 of Thomas SHEPHERD (qv) via GC. Free 1645 of GC, joined CC ~1647. Took several apprentices via CC after 1648. In 1684 was described as ‘sick, weak and confined to his bed’ when receiving charity from the CC.

JONES, Isaac (~1611-?)                     son of John JONES citizen and brownbaker of London, app 1625 to Robert BRAMPTON (qv) via GC; free 1633 of GC.

JORDAN, Barbara (fl. 1628-1631)     widow of Jonas JORDAN (qv), took apprentices in her own right.

JORDAN, Jonas (~1595-1628)           son of Gabriel of Southwold, Suffolk yeoman to app 1610 & 1611 to John STEVENSON of Coleman Street via BC (entered twice). Bound to keep the peace in Middlesex Sessions 1614. Adm 1628 CCL when died overseas. Widow Barbara took apprentices William BROXON (1629) and Edward TURNER (1631) via BC.

JORDAN, William (~1635-?)             son of John JORDAN, appr via the Grocers’ Company 1649 to Elias ALLEN (qv). May be the same as CC app 1646 to Robert SMITH who was never free.

JUDD, William (~1607-?)                   son of William JUDD shoemaker of Coventry, Warwickshire, app 1622 for 9 years to Anthony RISBY (qv) via the GC.

JYSON, John (fl. 1540)                      servant to Sebastian le SENE (qv) in RoA 1540. Possibly the same as John le SENE (qv).

K

KELLETT, Thomas (~1590-?) son of Alwin KELLETT, gent of Tinghle/Finchle/Kinchle?, Staffordshire, app 1606 for 8 years to Robert ROTHWOOD via GC.

KENNEX, Henry (fl. 1621-1625)        Entered into a maintenance contract for the repair of the clock at Buntingford, Herts. (Falvey & Hindle 2003).

KENNEDY, James (~1607-?)             son of William of Newington, Surrey tailor, app 1621 to Martin BALLARD (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company. Father’s will PCC 1627.

KENNEY                                          see QUESNAY

KENT, Henry (~1620-~1671) son of Henry KENT gent of Tottam, Essex app 1633 via GC for 7 yr to Onisephorus HELDEN. Brother of CC 1640, took apps through CC from 1647.

KIDSON                                           see KITSON

KINFFON                                         see KNIFTON and KINVIN

KINNEY, Wills (f. 1681)                    free of Clothworkers company as apprentice of Joseph WEBB (qv).

KINVIN, James (~1570->1615)          probably born near Llantillio in Monmouthshire, where his uncle of the same name (with whom he is confused) was born. Free of Merchant Taylors’ – mathematical instrument maker (Turner 2000). Pieces of his manufacture bear dates 1593-1597. Repaired the clock of St Benet Gracechurch 1596. In 1599 was the complainant in an equity suit regarding ‘clocks and other Germany wares’ against Lawrence OVERTON (qv). Worked in Ludgate Hill, near St Pauls. Executor to his uncle in 1615.

KITSON, Edward (~1616-?)              son of William KITSON (qv) clockmaker of Hangen Heaton, Yorkshire, app 1631 for 7 yr to Lewis COOK (qv) via GC.

KITSON, William (~1590-?)              free clockmaker of York 1614. Father to Edward KITSON (qv).

KNIFTON, Thomas (1617-1667)        son of Thomas KINFFON (sic) of Nottingham, chandler, app 1632 via Clothworkers’ Company to William SELWOOD, free 1640. Not admitted to CC but took apprentices through them. Pieces signed “Thomas Knifton at ye Cross Keys in Lothbury”. Inventory and will PCC 1667 (see transcript). Father in law to Edward NORRIS.

KRATZER, Nicholas (1487-~1550)    also Nicholas BAVARUS or Nicholas DE MONACO, born Munich, came to England ~1517, probably on the recommendation of Erasmus and the invitation of Thomas MORE. A central figure in English horology. By 1518 was working as Astronomer and Mathematician to Henry VIII at a fee of 100/- per quarter. Appointed to position at Corpus Christi College, Oxford 1523. Portraits by Albrecht Dürer and Hans HOLBEIN. Many sundials survive and possibly designed the Hampton Court clock. In St Benet Sherehog 1541-1544. Possibly ‘Nicholas CRASEY’ in Whitefriars 1549. Dead ~1550.

KYNVIN                                           see KINVIN

L

LAMB, Thomas (fl. 1632)                  brother of CC 1632. See Thomas LAND who may be the same.

LAMBERT, Robert (fl. 1541-1559)    In 1541 in Salisbury Court, St Brides. Free denizen clockmaker 1544, working on the clock at Nonsuch palace. By 1549 he had moved to Coynyes Alley in St Brides, but by 1559 he was in Southwark. Loomes records him working on a turret clock in Norwich.

LAMP, Benedict (fl. 1610)                 a ‘high-German’ who supplied ‘a coache of silver with a clocke and other motions in it’ for the Earl of Salisbury.

LAMPARD, John (fl. 1610-1620)       app of Peter de HINDE (qv) who had not completed apprenticeship 1608 when his master died. Left 40/- by master on completion of term. See Thompson (2003) for a watch.

LAND, Thomas (fl. 1635-1650)          not free of CC but had apprentices through them, t/o from other freemen. See Thomas LAMB who may be the same.

LANE, John (fl. 1500)                        kept clock at St Lawrence, New Romney.

LANE, Richard (~1630-1657)             app 1645/5 to Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company  (Evans, 2000). Will CCL 1657 of St Olave Old Jewry.

LARAYPIERE, William (fl. 1622-1661)                  foreign journeyman to Cornelius MELLIN (qv) in 1622 petition employing one apprentice. Brother of CC 1650, and took apprentices through CC until 1653. In 1661, Benjamin WOLVERSTONE paid part of his quarterage.

LASHER, Luke (~1590-?)                  son of James LASHER jurat of Hastings, Sussex, app 1606 for 9 years to William BURTON (qv) via GC.

de LAUNE, Nathaniel (fl. 1622-1691) Foreign maker in 1622, app to Cornelius MELLIN (qv). Apprenticeship possibly arranged by Gideon de LAUNE, who was witness to Mellin’s will. Married Rebecca BROWN 1674 of Hendon. Adm CCL 1691 when of St Sepulchre’s. Estate was subject of an equity dispute 1696.

de LAUNE, Peter (~1600-1663)          a jeweller and engraver, free of GC in St Clement Danes. M. 1639 Ann WEST via CCL licence. Brother of CC 1641 through whom he took four apprentices. Undoubtedly related (brother?) to Nathaniel de LAUNE (qv). Inventory PCC.

LAW, Isaac (fl. 1632-1676)                warned by CC 1632 to bring evidence of apprenticeship, and was subsequently ‘forbidden the trade being an engraver not a clockmaker’. Had apprentices through the CC. In 1668 he was excused assistantship because of ‘great losses’, undoubtedly in the Great Fire. Believed to have worked in Blackfriars. Excused arrears in 1676.

LAWRENCE, John (~1620-?)            son of John of St Giles in the Fields, Middx gent dec app 1637 to Henry DOUGLAS via BC.

LAWRENCE, William (~1614-?)       son of Francis of London app 1629 to William BOWYER via the Pewterers’ Company. Not free of PC.

LAYTON, John (~1611-~1684)          app 1633 of Richard MASTERSON (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company. Brother of CC 1653. In 1679 lent money by Nathaniel BARROW, the amount to be paid in kind by the provision of movements. Received CC charity 1682-1684.

LEGRO see le GRO

LELLO, Thomas (1604-?)                  son of John of Clonton [Clun], Shropshire, app 1618 to Thomas HARVEY via Clothworkers’ Company. M. 1639 to Elizabeth WEST at St Dunstan’s Stepney.

LENNETT Thomas (~1605-?)            son of Nicholas of Doddington in Co Oxon pistor app 1622 to Thomas READE for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

LESNEY, LESENEY etc. see le SENE

LESSOT, Garrett (fl. 1541)                servant to Robynett CORNEW (qv) 1541 (RoA). See also Garrett LOCKSMITH.

LEVENTHORPE, Henry (~1614-?)   son of Thomas of London gent app 1629 to Sampson SHELTON via BC.

LEWIS, Winstanley (1617-?)             son of Hugh of Harpton, Radnorshire esq app 1631 to John DRAKE via BC.

LEYNS                                              see le GRO

LIDLER                                            see also LITLER

LIDLER, Thomas (fl. 1639)               clockmaker of Stepney, Middlesex, son Abraham app 1639 to Richard CHESTER via the Clothworkers Company.

LIGHT alias LIGHE, John (1595-?)  son of Robert LIGHE yeoman, c.1595 at Barnstaple, Devon, app 1615 for 7 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv). Father’s executor via PCC 1631. Free of CC 1646. Took apprentice Henry HESTER (qv) t/o to Richard MORGAN (qv). A PCC Adm 1658 for John LIGHT of Lambeth may correspond.

LIMPARD, John (1610-1620)            See LAMPARD.

LINAKER, Samuel (~1596-1640)     Son of Robert LINACRE, clerk of [blank] Suffolk, app 1610 to Isaac SIMMS via GC. Free GC 1620. Master to Miles WALLIS 1622, Jacob PINSON 1625, Joseph DAY, 1629, William CLEEVE 1630 and Samuel HACKETT (f. 1630). M. Jean ROWBOTHAM 1625 at Stepney, sons born St Christopher le Stocks 1626-1631. Petitioner for CC 1630, assistant 1632. Emigrated to St Christopher’s in the Caribbean 1635 when CC described him as ‘gone’, Adm PCC 1640. Estate the subject of several disputes by Linaker’s executor Peter COLE against many including Jeremy EAST (qv).

de LIND                                            see de LYND

LINFORD, Thomas (fl. 1626)            Loomes records a watch dated 1626.

LIPISE, Thomas (fl. 1632)                 free of CC 1632.

LISTER, Thomas (~1615-?)               son of Leonard of Gisburn, Yorks gent app 1628 to Thomas HOLLAND via BC. Apprenticeship reregistered in 1635.

LITLER                                            see also LIDLER

LITLER, Richard (~1559-?)              app 1573 to John BULL (qv) via GC. Apprenticed as ‘Robert’ but free and subsequent references as Richard LITLER 1584. Master to Isaac SIMMES (qv) 1596. Children baptized in St Andrew Undershaft. One of this name was attorney in the Court of Pleas, with will PCC 1615.

LLOYD                                             see also FLOOD

LLOYD, Humphrey (fl. 1607-1609)   Sold a watch to the crown ‘covered with gold and set with diamond and rubies’. He is probably the same as ‘Mr FLUE the clockmaker’ who left a shop 1609 according to the papers of the Earl of Salisbury.

LOCKIER, Henry (fl 1468) (alias Lokyer) of Dunyate, Somerset, clockmaker, defendant in an action for debt initiated by Robert BRASHFORD in 1468 (TNA:CP40-826).

LOCKSMITH, Garrett (fl. 1549/50)  servant to William VOTIER (qv) (RoA). Possibly the same as Garrett LESSOT (qv).

LONGWELL, William (~1590->1613)                     servant of John NEWSAM (qv) 1611 Middlesex sessions. Clockmaker of St Anne’s Blackfriars in Middlesex sessions 1613.

LOOPE, Thomas (~1612-?) son of William LOOPE yeoman of Beere Regis, Dorset app 1627 for 8 yr to Onisephorus HELDEN via GC.

LORD, Richard (fl. 1632-1634)          brother of CC 1632 when signed with a mark. Took Thomas LAXTON as app 1633 via Henry ARCHER (qv). Maybe the same as William LORD fined by CC 1638.

LOVEPYT, Roger (fl. 1401) clockmaker, defendant in an action for debt in 1401 initiated by Thomas Butcher (BOCHER) and Thomas Friend (FREND) of Somerset (TNA: CP40-561).

LOWART, Jasper (fl. 1641-<1650)    brother of CC 1641

LOWE, John (fl. 1663)                       son of Robert LOWE citizen and clothworker app 1653 to Nicholas COXETER t/o Francis MUNDEN via CC. Free of Clothworkers Company by patrimony. Watchmaker of Bell Alley in Cannon Street, master to Richard PALMER via the Clothworkers Company in 1663.

LOWELL, Paul (fl. 1628-1672)          free of BC 1628, a ‘high-German’. Petitioner for CC 1630. Took app through CC including son of the same name. Worked in Shoe Lane. Jan 1672 the CC gave 10/- for his burial.

LUDLAM, Robert (~1608-1640)        app of Leonard TENNANT (qv), possibly maker of turret clocks with RL monogram (Evans, 2000). Lived in St Martin Vintry, London, will CCL 1640.

LUMLEY, Robert (fl. 1607-1621)      probably app to Peter MEDCALF but t/o Edward DUBBER. Free 1594 of Clothworkers’ Company, worked on the clock at St Antholin, Budge Row, London. Master to Roger GALE (1606), Henry COLLINS (1611), Henry HOULGATE (1614). Will ConCL 1621.

LUND, Mr (fl. 1641)                          paid subscription to CC 1641. Possibly Henry LUNDE alias LUNNE, cit & pewterer, free of PC 1600, or his son Oliver, free of PC by patrimony 1630.

LURIER, William (fl. 1534-1565)       French goldsmith born Rouen, denizen 1544. In St Martin le Grand in 1564. Married an English woman. Received a stolen clock belonging to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv) in 1565.

LYND, Peter (fl. 1578-1593)               clockmaker, came to England 1578, with a daughter born 1588. 1593, employed an unnamed foreign journeyman aged 22 (RoA). Possibly the same as Peter de HINDE?

de LYND, Rowland (fl. 1573-1594)    clockmaker, m. 1573 Jane MILLESE at St Ann Blackfriars, wife born Brussels. St Olave’s Southwark 1594 as de HINDE (qv).

LYNNETT, John (~1618-?)                son of Richard LYNNETT yeoman of the Tower of London, app 1632 for 8 years of Robert BRAMPTON (qv) via the GC.

LYSNEY                                           see SENE

M

MALBRANCK, Claudius (fl. 1630)    name appears on a clock by William BOWYER (qv) (Hooper, 1998).

MANSWORTH, Miles (fl. 1632)        forbidden to practice the clockmaking trade, but was described as a haberdasher. Warned to dismiss apprentice. Name sometimes also read as Wandesford (qv).

MARDEN, Benjamin (~1656-?)         son of Edward of Nuneaton, mercer app 1670 to Samuel YATES via the Clothworkers Company. May be free of the Clothworkers as ‘Benjamin WARDEN’ in 1687 (qv).

de la MARE, Peter (1509-1584)          alias Peter de DESSUS and Peter le COINT. Native of Rouen, came to England ~1525. He worked on clock 1544 at Nonsuch Palace for Henry VIII when he received denizenship. Mentioned several times in Consistory of French Church with wife Cardine (1561) for breaches of the peace. In Black Horse Alley, St Bride’s parish 1568 with a wife Jane, near William CONNOTTE (qv) (RoA). Employed Lawrence FOULSTONE (qv). Third marriage to Magdalene ~1581. Gave a clock to French church. Will CCL 1584.

MARKWICK, James (~1642->1704)  app of Edmund GILPIN (qv) t/o from Richard TAYLOR via CC. M. GILPIN’s daughter Hannah ~1662 and took over his business in St Stephen’s Coleman Street.

MARRIOT, Valentine (~1635->1657) son of John cit and stationer app 1650 to John DRAKE via BC. M. 1657 Merrial GREEN at St Peter le Poer, London.

MARTEN, Thomas (~1587-?)            son of John MARTEN haberdasher of London, app 1602 for 9 yr to Nicholas RIDGDALE (qv) via GC.

MARTIN, Joseph (~1620-?)               son of William of Braintree, Essex weaver app 1634 to Richard MASON via BC.

MARTINOT, Barnaby (~1580-1662)  born Paris, son of Jean MARTINOT, clockmaker to the French court. M. 1612 at French church in Threadneedle Street. 1613 bound over to keep the peace against Adam FULWOOD (Middlesex Sessions Records) alongside Cornelius MELLIN (qv) and William BULL (qv) when lived at Puddle Wharf.  Children buried at St Ann Blackfriars 1617-1619. One of this name in Orléans 1620-1634, but this may be another.

MARTINOT, William (fl. 1618-1622) alien in household of Cornelius MELLIN (qv) 1618 – foreign maker in 1622 petition. Possibly related to Barnaby MARTINOT (qv).

MARTMOTT                                    mistranscription of MARTINOT (qv)

MARY, John (fl. 1524-1567)              born Normandy, denizen clockmaker 1544, married to an Englishwoman with one child. Lived 1550 in St Stephen’s Alley, Westminster, appearing latterly on lists immediately before John du MELLIN (qv) (RoA). Described as ‘clockmaker in the King’s Household’ in a 1551 action of debt against ‘John MULLING clockmaker’ who is presumably John du MELLIN (qv) (TNA: KB27-1157). The dispute indicates that they entered into a contact to work with each other. Buried St Ann Blackfriars (nominally) 1566. Adm 1567 DCW.

MASON, Richard (~1594-1680)         son of Richard MASON (possibly Richard MASON of St Michael Cornhill, London), free 1615 of BC as app of Robert GRINKIN senior (qv). Master to Hugh BROOKE (1616) and Joseph MARTIN (1634). Brother of CC 1632, and recorded by them until 1635. Witnessed will of Richard CRAYLE 1670. Will CCL 1680 when of South Mimms.

MASSIE, Thomas (~1622-?)              app of Richard NURSE (qv) via the Joiners’ Company 1637. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

MASTERS, Francis (1620-?)             son of Thomas MASTERS spectacle maker, c. 1620 at St Clement Danes. App 1638 for 8 years via BC to Robert GRINKIN junior (qv). Not free – no other details.

MASTERSON, John (1633-~1705)     son of Richard MASTERSON (qv), c. St Stephen’s Coleman Street, London. App to father via CC 1648, but not free. Fined 1661 for faulty workmanship, received CC charity 1693-1705. Widow received payment 1707.

MASTERSON, Richard (fl. 1628-1653)                   identified as ‘English foreign’ when accepted brother of BC 1628, petitioner for CC 1630. Also free of Clothworkers’ Company by redemption 1631 as a ‘watchmaker’ under the name ‘MAISTERSON’. Had app through the Clothworkers’ John LAYTON (1632), and John HOOKE (1633). Brother and assistant of CC 1632 and officially transferred from Clothworkers’ 1636. Warden 1637; Master 1642, last attended 1648. Widow took over apprentices 1653. Freedom of Clothworkers allowed him two app at a time, and so he t/o appr for other makers with their full complement. Piece known signed ‘Richard Masterson at ye dial at Mooregate’. Children include John MASTERSON (qv) born St Stephen’s Coleman Street.

MATTHEW, Edward (~1625-?)         app of George FARMER (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1639/40. Not free – no other details (Evans, 2000).

MAYOW, John (fl. 1467-1485)          Son of John MAYOW of xxx in Oxfordshire. Plaintiff in equity suit regarding the lands of his father and grandfather in Oxfordshire. The suit is ~1485. Baillie records him as a clockmaker in Uxbridge 1467.

de MEARE, John (fl. 1542)                servant to Sebastian le SENE 1542.

MEDCALF, Peter (~1540-1592)         son of William MEDCALF, citizen and clothworker, free by patrimony 1565. An important maker. Of St Olave’s, Southwark, tended clocks in the Guildhall 1584 and at Lambeth 1587-1592 (Drew 1940). Warden of Clothworkers 1585 and 1590. Will PCC 1592 when of Rotherhithe. His estate was the subject of equity suits between debtors and Margaret his widow 1594, then remarried to Matthew KELLETT. Appr include Edward DUBBER (qv), Thomas MEDCALF (qv), John HILLS (qv), John HARVEY (qv) and Simon HARVEY (qv).

MEDCALF, Thomas (~1570-?)          app of Peter MEDCALF, free of Clothworkers Company 1599. Possibly son of Robert MEDCALF citizen and cook, will PCC 1575. Another of the same name was also free 1595, hence identifying his apprentices difficult.

MELLIN, Cornelius (?-1622)             born Dieppe, moved to St Anne’s Blackfriars. Denizen 1605. In Middlesex Sessions records 1612 as surety for Barnaby MARTINOT (qv) and again as a jurer in 1617. Identified in 1622 petition in Blackfriars and as master to John HUTCHINSON, John COOK, Peter MICHEL and Nathaniel de LAUNE (qv) and several journeymen. One of the most influential foreign makers of the time. Will CCL 1622 to Jane MELLIN widow.

du MELLIN alias MULLING, John (fl. 1544-1585)      French clockmaker, denizen 1544. In RoA 1549 in St Stephen’s Alley, Westminster with John MARYE (qv). In 1551 described as ‘clockmaker in the King’s Household’ when defending dispute against John MARYE as ‘John MULLING’. It appears they had entered into a partnership to work together which du MELLIN latterly defaulted. In 1568 with journeymen John JENTE (qv) and Michael SALOMON (qv). Kept the Dulwich College clock 1553 and recorded as clock-keeper to Elizabeth 1556. Will DCW 1585.

MEREDITH, Lancelot (~1610-~1660) son of Price MEREDITH citizen and draper of London app 1623 to Onisephorus HELDEN via GC. Free of CC 1637. Apps through CC after 1651.

MICHEL, Peter (fl. 1608-1625)          also DE MIQUEL, DE MIGUEL etc., son of Jean DE MICHEL of Clera in Gascony, app of Cornelius MELLIN (qv) in 1622 petition. M. 1607 Ann MESNIER at French church, 11 children baptised there 1611-1625. M. 2nd Sarah MELLIN 1618, daughter of Nicholas of Guernsey, probably related to Cornelius. Children buried at St Anne’s, Blackfriars. Died of plague and buried there 4 Sep 1625.

MICKLEWRIGHT, Erasmus (~1653-?) citizen and clockmaker, also ‘Migglewright’, app 1666 to Richard BESTWICK via CC, free 1673. Took several apprentices via CC. Was overseer to the will of John BOYCE and in 1689 took other members of the Boyce family to chancery on behalf of two of John’s sons, James and Thomas BOYCE (TNA:C78-1272-5). Micklewright subsequently took James and Thomas BOYCE as his own apprentices in 1685 and 1687 respectively.

MIDDLETON, John (~1610-?)          app of Leonard TENNANT (qv) 1623, free of Joiners’ Company 1632 (Evans, 2000). One of this name witness to will of Edward WARD (qv) 1657.

MIDNALL, John (~1601-1636)          son of William MIDNALL of Ipworth [recte Ipswich?] Suffolk, yeoman, app for 9 years 1615 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv), free 1624 by which time master was dead, so presumably trained by Francis FOREMAN. Petitioner for CC 1630 and one of first assistants 1632. Master to Steven WEBB, John MORRIS, John DAY, Philip BUCKNER and William SMITH (1630). An important maker. Baillie records three watches, one signed ‘John MIDNALL Fleet Street’. Buried at St Dunstan’s in the West, 5 Feb 1636/7, admon CCL to widow Sarah. Difficult to distinguish from the following.

MIDNALL, John (fl. 1641)                not the same as above. One of this name took John MARRIOTT as app via CC in 1641, 5 years after the death of above.

MIERS see MYERS

MIGGLEWRIGHT see MICKLEWRIGHT

MIGUEL see MICHEL

MILLS, Humphrey (~1618-?)            son of Thomas cit and cellar London def app 1632 via Clothworkers’ Company to Robert CLOSON [sic] for 8 years. Possibly the same as Humphrey MILNE, free Edinburgh 1660 (Loomes 1981).

MILLS, Thomas (~1615-?)                 app of Leonard TENNANT (qv) 1637, free of Joiners’ Company in 1644/5 (Evans, 2000).

MIQUEL see MICHEL

MISHEY, Mr (fl. 1629-1635)             recorded in returns for aliens for Blackfriars 1635 as a watchmaker from Blois who had been in England 6 years. See MOUCHE.

MITCHELL, Miles (fl. 1639-1678)     brother in CC 1640. Most likely the gent of St Margaret’s Westminster, children born there 1639-1659. Will PCC 1678.

de MONACO, Nicholas                     see Nicholas KRATZER

MONEY, Richard (~1632-?)              son of Richard MONEY of Chingford, Essex carpenter, app 1646 to William TOWERS of Little Britain, clockmaker.

MONPAS, Abel (fl. 1622)                   foreign maker in 1622 petition in Gunpowder Alley, Shoe Lane. Lived in same house as Lewis VOTALE (qv). Loomes notes that he married in Blois 1623.

MOORE, Henry (~1572-?)                 son of Anthony MOORE of Appleby, Westmoreland yeoman, app for 10 years 1594 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Free 1604 of GC. Master to George FIELD 1605, Richard BARNES 1605, Philip PRITCHARD 1606 when described as “a clock maker”, Thomas BIGGE 1609. See Henry WIGMORE

MORGAN, Richard (~1598->1650)    son of Roger MORGAN of Penley, Co Flint, yeoman, app for 7 years 1612 via BC to Robert GRINKIN senior (qv), free 1621. Possibly a springmaker. Petitioner for CC 1630 and one of first assistants 1632.  Apprentices bound through CC, but warned against binding others through BC. BC apprentices include brother William MORGAN (1629) David PARRY (1634), John RANDOLPH (1634), Thomas CAESER (1634) and Thomas BELSON (1636). Watches by MORGAN at the Louvre and Ashmolean Museum (Thompson, 2002).

MORGAN, William (~1610-?)           son of Roger of Penley, Flintshire yeoman dec app 1629 to brother Richard via BC.

MORE                                              see MOORE

MORRIS, John (~1611-?)                  son of John MORRIS gent of Sussex, app 1627 for 8 years to John MIDNALL (qv) via the GC.

MORRIS, William (~1604-?)             son of William MORRIS citizen and Merchant Taylor, app 1620 for 8 years to Anthony RISBY (qv) via the GC.

MORSE, John (~1600-)                      son of Hugh of Cirencester in Co Gloucester woollen draper app 1615 to Thomas READ for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

MORTON, William (1599-?)             son of Cuthbert of Aynson in Co Oxon def app 1613 to Henry STEPHENS (qv) via the Clothworkers’ Company. Free 1624. Two of this name free of Clothworkers, hence identifying apprentices is difficult, but undoubtedly master to Nicholas GRAUNT (1646) and Thomas BRISCOE (1646) when of Tooley Street. Apprentices to one or other: James ap RICHARD (1626), Francis HAYE (1627), Richard STANLEY (1629), Thomas OLIFFE (1629), Thomas HARRISON (1630), Thomas CHAPPELL (1630), William DRAPER (1632), Thomas FIELD (1632), Thomas WARD (1637), William ATWELL (1638), James STOCKLEY (1639).

MOSSE, Alexander (~1600-?)            son of Andrew of Much Hoole, Lancs husbandman app 1615 to John STEVENSON via BC.

MOWBY, Francis (fl. 1571)               servant to Andrew NAWE (qv), came to England with master 1571 (RoA).

de MOUCHE, John (fl. 1622-1652)    born La Rochelle, France, working for Cornelius MELLIN (qv) in 1622. M. 1633 in French church in Threadneedle Street. Adm PCC 1652 when of St Mary at Hill.

MULLETT, William (fl. 1549)           servant to William VOTIER (qv) (RoA).

MURRAY, Charles (~1665-?)            son of Thomas cit and gardener app 1680 to Thomas DIDE via BC.

MYERS, Henry (~1617-?)                  son of Robert of Church Lawford, Warwickshire, app 1632 to Richard SAWELL (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company.

N

NAWE see NOUWEN

NEVETT, William (1620-?)               son of John of Whites in co Chester farmer app 1637 to William JOHNS for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

NEWBURY, William (~1596-1617)    parentage unknown, app 1610 via Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv) and t/o to Elias ALLEN on Whitwell’s death. Buried St Clement Danes 15 Dec 1617 as ‘servant to Mr ALLEN’.

NEWSAM, Bartholomew (~1530-1587)                   parentage unknown, brother of William NEWSAM a York locksmith. App unknown but working for the crown ~1565, in which year he married Parnell YOUNG at St Mary le Strand. An important maker. App John POTTER (qv), probably employed cousin John NEWSAM (qv), and possibly Randolph BULL (qv). Four table clocks, a sundial and a set of drawing instruments survive (Turner 2000). Died just after 13 Jan 1587, will PCC.

NEWSAM, John (~1545-1615)           son of John NEWSAM of Ripon, and probably nephew of Bartholomew NEWSAM (qv). Passed to the tuition of William NEWSAM of York, their brother who was the ‘tutor’ of John. Free locksmith of York 1569 and repaired the Ousebridge clock 1593. Variously described as locksmith and clocksmith in registers of St Helen’s Stonegate. Buried there 2 Feb 1615/6.

NEWSAM, John (~1550-1625)           parentage unknown but cousin to Bartholomew NEWSAM (qv), for whom he probably worked. An important maker. Repaired clock at St Dunstan’s in the West 1575 and All Hallows, Staining 1579. Married four times, secondly to Eleanor KIBBALL at St Dunstan’s in the West 1590, thirdly to Agnes WILLIAMS 1619 in St Clement Danes where he lived from 1582. In Middlesex sessions 1611 with servant William LONGEWELL (qv). App via BC Henry DOUGLAS (1606) and Peter CHIMNEY (1615). Died of plague when parish sexton and buried 19 Oct 1625 at St Clement Danes.

NEWTON, Edward (~1675-?)            free of Clothworkers Company as the apprentice of Samuel YATES in 1698. May be the same as below.

NEWTON, John (~1661-?)                 son of Edward gent of Newark, Notts dec app 1675 to Samuel YATES watchmaker of Bell Alley, Coleman Street, London via the Clothworkers Company.

NICASIUS, John (1608-1679)            son of Hans NICASIUS, c. 1608 at the Dutch church. Brother of CC 1632, assistant 1646, warden in 1648, Master 1653 and 1655. Took several app through the CC including Robert SEIGNOUR (qv). A ‘very loving friend’ of Robert GRINKIN junior (qv). Married Jane SERRING in Greenwich 1631, had several children baptised in St Matthew Friday Street, St John Zachary and latterly St Andrew Holborn. Entered in several disputes with CC. Travelled extensively in Holland and was in Rotterdam at his death 1 Sep 1679. Will ACL.

NICASIUS, John (~1625-?)                son of John NICASIUS, app to John WILLOW (qv) via BC. Free 1647.

NICKLIS, Benjamin (~1665-?)          app 1682 to Thomas TAYLOR of Holborn via CC, previously apprenticed within the BC. Probably same as the following.

NICKLIS, Gregory (~1665-?)            son of John citizen and [blank] deceased app 1681 to Benjamin HARRIS via BC. Probably same as above.

NILOE, Hans (fl. 1609)                      Dutchman who made a ‘clock with music and motions’ from the King 1609 in State Papers Domestic.

NOKE, Thomas (~1608-?)                  son of Thomas NOKE of Huntingdon gent, app 1624 for 9 years to Anthony RISBY (qv) via the GC.

NORRIS see NURSE

NORTH, William (~1600->1664)        probably the NORTH made free clockmaker of York 1623, son of William NORTH innholder. Brother of CC 1638. Took apprentices through CC, refused stewardship 1664. Possibly Adm ACL 1666 when of St Botolph’s Aldgate.

NOUWEN, Andrew (fl. 1571-1576)         born ‘s-Hertogenbosch, in Netherlands son of Philip Gerrit NOUWEN, came to England 1571 with wife Francine, daughters Sarah, Christian and Esther and a servant Francis MOWBY. Brother to Francis and Michael NAWE (qv). Denizen 1571 when living in St Michael le Querne, three more children baptised in Dutch reformed church 1572-1575. Will CCL 1576.

NOUWEN, Francis (fl. 1571-1593)          born ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands son of Philip Gerrit NOUWEN, came to England 1571. Brother to Michael and Andrew NAWE (qv) who had been in England. Lived in St Anne’s Blackfriars. Master of James JOHNSON (qv) but also had an unnamed Antwerp-born servant 1583 and 2 English apprentices 1593. Died with family of plague 1593, will and admons CCL and ACL. Watches at Bury St Edmunds and Ashmolean Museum (Thompson, 2002).

NOUWEN, Michael (~1545-1616)            born ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands son of Philip Gerrit NOUWEN. An important maker. Arrived in England 1568 to work for John BULL (qv) and may have trained Randolph BULL (qv). M. 1575 Isabella van BROECKE from Antwerp. Lived in St Peter le Poer 1582-5, and afterwards St Bartholomew’s the Less. Master of Robert GILLES (qv) 1582. Overseer to will of Nicholas VALLIN (qv) 1603. Died at St Bartholomew’s 1616, will ACL.

NOWAY see NOUWEN

NOWELL, Matthew (~1614-?)           son of Edward of Villa, Staffordshire Innkeeper, app 1628 for 11 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv).

NOWEN                                            see NOUWEN

NORRIS, Christopher (~1645-?)        app 1661 to Richard CURRIER via BC t/o to George FARMER cit and joiner.

NOTT William (~1620-?)                   son of William of Ashwell Co Herts labourer app 1634 to Thomas READE for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

NURSE, Richard (~1600-1659)          app of Leonard TENNANT (qv), free of Joiners’ Company 1623. Built clock for the new church of St Paul’s Covent Garden 1641 (Evans, 2000). Adm PCC 1659 when of St Sepulchre’s.

O

OAKHAM, Edward (fl. 1632-1634)    brother of CC 1632, last mentioned 1634.

OLIFFE, Thomas (-)                          son of Thomas OLLIFE of Acton co Middlesex innholder app 1629 [duration not stated] to William MORTON via the Clothworkers’ Company.

OSBORNE, Humphrey (~1590-~1643)                     son of Henry of Reading, Berks app 1606 to John NORMAN via BC, free 1617. Said to be maker of lantern clocks. Several apps via BC but none linked with clocks. Died ~1643 since app within BC t/o to other master.

OSTCLIFFE, Thomas (~1590-?) son of Richard OSTCLIFFE, gent of Thorpe, Yorkshire app 1607 for 9 years to Robert ROTHWOOD via GC.

OUGHTRED, Benjamin (fl. 1639)     brother of CC 1639.

OURSIAN, Anthony (fl. 1549-1556)  alias HUSSEY, HURSELL, ORSHAWE, servant to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv). Denizen 1550, buried St Martin’s in the Field 1556.

OURSIAN, Nicholas (1495-1575)      alias URSELL, RUSSELL, HURSELL, HUSSEY etc., clockmaker to Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth. Born in Normandy, came to England ~1530. He worked on the Hampton Court clock. Denizen 1541. Lived in Westminster up to 1544, then St Martins in the Fields renting property from the crown. In 1550 had servants Anthony OURSIAN (qv) and Bartram OWSEY. Buried St Martins in the Fields 1575, Will DCW.

OURSIAN, Richard? (fl. 1544-1549) a Richard ARSELL is present on Returns for Aliens next to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv). A ‘Richard WOURSTON’ receives payments from the Crown 1539 and 1541 – this may be a typographic error for Nicholas or a reference to a separate maker.

OVERTON, Lawrence (?-1612)         parentage unknown, a buyer of German clocks and mathematical instruments. In 1586, he lived in Leipzig and lodged with Dr John DEE, Elizabeth’s astrologer, in Prague. Defendant 1599 to an equity suit by James KINVYN (qv) regarding the importation of ‘clocks and other Germany wares’. Bought land in Carburton, Nottinghamshire 1608. Died 1612, will PCC (see transcript).

OWEN, John (~1620-?)                      son of John of Brampton, Herefordshire gent app 1632 to John HARRIS via BC.

OWEN, William (?-1583)                   servant of John TYCE (qv), buried at St Anne Blackfriars.

OWSEY, Bartram (fl. 1550)               servant to Nicholas OURSIAN (qv). Possibly a mistranscription for Bartholomew NEWSAM.

P

PACE, Thomas (fl. 1634-1646)           brother of CC 1634, took apprentices Jeffrey BAYLEY (1637) and Lawrence ENTWHISTLE (1638). CC mediated in disputes between PACE and BAYLEY 1642 and 1646.

PALMER, Richard (~1648-?)            son of Gregory PALMER, clerk of West Haddon, Northants, app 1662 to John LOWE via the Clothworkers Company at which time Daniel PALMER citizen and apothecary of London was sponsor.

PARK, Nicholas (fl. 1640-1659/60)     brother of CC 1640. Took two appr via CC – his widow continued the instruction of the later. Refused stewardship 1659, but dead by the end of that year. Adm PCC 1660 when of St Bride’s.

PARKINSON, Robert (fl. 1637-1638) Free of CC 1637, took George GROVE as app 1638 (via Thomas DAWSON).

PARR or PARRY, David (fl. 1646-1662)                  son of Hugh of Denbigh gent clerk app 1634 to Richard MORGAN via BC. Brother of CC 1646, took several apprentices through CC but also John BARTON (1657) and William TAYLOR (1661) via BC. Barton registered in both BC and CC, which CC questioned. Last recorded 1662.

PARR, Thomas (fl. 1634-?)                brother of CC 1634, gave CC a chamber clock in 1635. One of this name mentioned 1661 and 1662, but confused with following.

PARR or PARRY, Thomas (~1635-?) a. 1652 to John WARFIELD via BC. Mentioned in CC records in 1661, 1662 and 1690. Confused with above.

PARTRIDGE, William (fl. 1640-1660)                     brother of CC 1640, possibly son of John, yeoman of Westminster app to Henry LAMPARD via PC and free 1632. Took two apprentices through CC. Daughter Elizabeth baptised St Martin in the Fields 1652 when described as a blacksmith. In 1660 he petitioned to say that he ‘did in 1645 attend the King as clockmaker when at Oxford and then served a year and a half in the Life Guard of Foot and later raised a Company at his own charge himself as captain and hath been a great sufferer by plundering imprisonment and expulsions. He begs to be restored as Royal Clockmaker’. His wife also petitioned to say he had been ‘bred under Mr Este’ [i.e. Edward EAST] and has improved himself in his trade in France and Flanders. Possibly Adm ACL 1661 when of St Botolph’s Aldgate.

PAYNE, Christopher (fl. 1584)          Loomes records him as a maker of rules and compasses 1584.

PAYNE, Thomas (~1610-1682)          app 1633 to John BULLBY (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company. Will ACL 1682 when of St Botolph’s Aldgate.

PAYNE, William (fl. 1618)                 a lantern clock dated 1618 is signed ‘William Payne in East Smithfield’.

PEARCE, Henry (~1617-?) son of Matthew PEARCE of Westminster, Tailor app 1630 for 9 yr via GC to Onisephorus HELDEN.

PENNOCK, John (~1608-1684)          son of William PENNOCK locksmith of Gosfield, Essex, app 1620 to William BOWYER via PC, free 1629. M. Sarah HASLEGRAVE 1634, children baptised in St Helen’s Bishopsgate. App via PC Samuel HAMMOND (1639). Brother of CC 1638, assistant 1651, warden 1654 and Master 1660 and 1663. In 1664/5 PC describe him as ‘watchmaker of Moorfields’. Last attended CC 1672, will PCC and ACL 1684 when of St Leonard’s Shoreditch.

[PENNOCK, William (fl. 1637)          this is a mistake for John PENNOCK from the registers of St Helen’s Bishopsgate.]

PERONE, Isaac (fl. 1622-1632)          French, identified as a foreign maker in 1622 petition working for Ferdinando GARRETT (qv) in St Martins le Grand. Invited to join CC 1632 but never did. In 1635 he lived in Grub Street, Cripplegate. A Richard PERONE in Fleet Street 1662 may be him.

PERIAM, John (1628->1643)             c. 1628 St Sidwell Exeter son of Walter PERIAM and Margaret daughter of Charles HOPPIN (qv). App to uncle William HOPPIN (qv), as a gunsmith in Exeter.

PETIT, William (fl. 1622-1657)          French journeyman of David RAMSAY (qv) 1622 in Tutle Street. Believed to have been a casemaker, in the liberty of the Strand 1627-1635 (returns for Aliens). In 1627, employed Matthias DUICK as a journeyman. Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632. ‘Gentleman’ of St Martins in the Fields 1638/9. Took apprentices Abraham LAMB (1651 via Thomas TAYLOR), John RICHARDS (1654 via J BAYLEY). In 1657 ordered to dismiss John GARSINE whom he had employed as a journeyman.

PHILLIPS, Peter (~1611-?)                son of Peter of Long Stowe, Cambs app to John HARRIS (qv) 1633 via BC, in which year CC noted he had not completed his term of 7 years. Not admitted to CC.

PIERSON, Robert (~1610-?)              son of Robert PIERSON citizen and mercer of London deceased, app 1634 for 8 years via BC to Robert GRINKIN junior. Not free – no other details.

PINCKARD, Edward (~1605-?)         son of Thomas of Newbury in Co Berks clothworker for 7 years 17 May 1618 to Richard STAFFORD via the Clothworkers’ Company.

PINNOCK                                         see PENNOCK

PINSON, Jacob (~1610-?) son of Henry PINSON yeoman of London app 1625 for 7 yr to Samuel LINAKER via GC.

PLATT, Robert (~1565-?)                  son of John PLATT, cook of York and Phillipa NEWSAM, niece of Bartholomew NEWSAM (qv). Bartholomew NEWSAM was granted tuition of Robert 1569. Returned to York, free clockmaker there 1590. Probably close to John NEWSAM of York (qv).

PLATT, Thomas (fl. 1637->1662)       brother of CC 1637 and took apprentices through CC until 1650. Warned to bind apprentices through Clothworkers’ Company, but not free of them. Working in Cannon Street 1662.

PLUVIER, Isaac (fl. 1637-1665)         brother CC 1637 as app of David BOUQUET (qv), and free 1651. Denizen 1656 of Gravel Lane. Had family in Haarlem and Amsterdam. Will and Inventory ACL 1665 (Stevens, 1962).

PORTER Thomas (~1650-?)              son of Roger PORTER of Orton on Co Leicester clerk app 1664 to Joseph CHESHIRE for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

POTTER, John (~1570-1625)             app of Bartholomew NEWSAM (qv) mentioned in his will. Involved in a riotous assembly 1614 in Middx assizes, when described as clockmaker of St Clement Danes. Married Ellen ROWSE 1617 at St Clement’s, appeared as a witness in Surrey assizes with her 1621. Party to a bond with NEWSAM’s son Edward 1624. Buried St Clement’s 1625 (plague).

POTTER, John (fl. 1628-1633)           One of this name joined BC 1628 as ‘English foreign’ and was CC Beadle 1633. Possibly son of above.

PRATTON, William (~1590-?)           son of Thomas of Taunton, Somerset cutler app 1607 to John STEVENSON via BC.

PREDY, Thomas (fl. 1635-1639)        see PRIDDITH

du PREE, Elias (fl. 1634-1642)           believed came to England 1615, son of Jacques de PREE, born Middleberg in the Low Countries, but living 1621 in St Katherine Coleman, London. Probably app of Elias VOLANT (qv) with whom he was living 1627. Brother of CC 1634, recorded as journeyman to Edward EAST 1635.  Had children born in St Giles Cripplegate 1638-1642.

PRIDDITH, Thomas (~1600-?)     of Lambeth Marsh, dial maker. Refused quarterage to CC 1635 (as Thomas Predy), brother of CC 1639. 1641 one of this name m. Anne MUNKS by CCL licence. Father of the following.

PRIDDITH, Thomas (~1620-1671) Son of the above, app 1633 via GC for 8 yr to Lewis COOKE. Adm CCL 1671 when of St Sepulchre.

PRIGEON, John (~1633-?)                parentage unknown, appr 1646 through CC to Thomas ALCOCK t/o to Elias ALLEN (qv). Not free – no other details.

PRIME alias PRIEM, Andrew (1618-1710)             son of Andrew PRIME of Norwich, weaver, app 1632 via BC to Abraham BOYCE, free of BC 1641. Brother of CC 1646. Married 1646 Elizabeth, the sister of Ahasuerus FROMANTEEL (qv). Close links to the Fromanteel family. Master to Samuel FROMANTEEL (1653) via BC. CC assistant 1674 but did not attend. Died in Norwich (see Plomp 1971).

PRITCHARD, Philip (~1591-?)          son of Philip PRITCHARD clerk of Gloucestershire, app 1606 for 8 years to Henry MOORE (qv) via the GC.

PRITCHARD, Philip (~1612-<1662)  son of Philip PRITCHARD of North Cerney, Gloucestershire yeoman, appr via BC 1627 for 9 years to Sampson SHELTON (qv). Known to CC, but not shown on the 1662 list.

PROWS, James (fl. 1570)                   maintained the clock at All Hallows, Staining, London (Evans, 2001).

Q

QUESNAY, Vincent (fl. 1524-1563)   in Rouen 1524, paid by Henry VIII for 11 clocks and dials 1530. Recorded back in Rouen 1532-1563. A celebrated maker, remade the Rouen astronomical clock 1540.

R

RAMSAY, David (~1580-1659)          son of George RAMSAY of Langraw near St Andrews, Scotland, app 1594 as a gunsmith to Henry SMITH of the Hammermens’ Guild in St Andrews. Moved to Paris <1610, and was appointed clockmaker to James I and Charles I. An important maker (see article). First master of the CC 1631. Adm PCC 1659.

RAMSAY, John (~1590->1646)          son of Patrick (qv) clockmaker of Dundee, took over care of the town clock from his brother Silvester (qv) sometime after 1609. In 1646 the council considered the ‘weakness and inability of John RAMSAY clockkeeper’ whose charges was passed to Andrew TAYLOR.

RAMSAY, Patrick (~1560->1612)      son of Silvester RAMSAY smith, free Dundee 1582. Kept the Town clock there until 1612. Passed business to sons John and Silvester (qv).

RAMSAY, Silvester (~1585->1637)    son of Patrick (qv), clockmaker of Dundee, took over care of Town clock from father in 1609. Also Doctor of Dundee Grammar School. Probably dead <1646 when his brother John (qv) maintained the clock.

RAMSDEN, Thomas (fl. 1647)           brother of CC 1647.

RANDOLPH, John (~1620-?)            son of Reynold of Canon Frome, Herefordshire clerk app 1634 to Richard MORGAN via BC.

RANEAGE, Isaac (fl. 1635)               brother of CC 1635.

RANKLEY, William (~1630-?)          app of Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company 1645/6 (Evans, 2000).

RAPE, Bartholomew (fl. 1502) of Winchester, clockmaker, defendant in an action for debt initiated by Geoffrey REFFE or RESSE (TNA: CP40-959).

RAWLING, Henry (~1614-?)             son of Henry RAWLING of North Lopham, Norfolk yeoman, app Mar 1638 for 8 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv).

RAYMONT, John (fl. 1622)               foreign maker in 1622 petition when working in the ‘countries’. One of this name ‘of Westminster, gent’ m. Mary DENTON by CCL licence 1616 and Adm PCC 1658.

RAYNE, Thomas (~1645-?)               app 1659 to Mr WEBSTER via BC, t/o Samuel AXTELL cit and joiner.

READ, John (fl. 1584)                        maker of rules and compasses 1584.

READ, Thomas (~1585->1634)           app of Henry STEPHENS via the Clothworkers’ Company, free 1609. Master of John MORSE (1615), Henry ELLIDGE (1617), Thomas LENNETT (1622), Thomas SMART (1627), Stephen HEATH (1631), William NOTT (1634).

RECAS, Thomas (fl. 1632)                 admitted to CC 1632.

RECO see RICAUT

RECORD                                          see RICORD

REEVE, Thomas (fl. 1630-1656)        Petitioner for CC 1630. Assistant 1646, excused Wardenship 1648. Took several apprentices until 1656 including son of the same name. Supposedly in Pope’s Head Alley.

REGNOLDS                                     see REYNOLDS

RENNEZ, Nowell (fl. 1586)                sold a watch and compass dials to Earl of Rutland 1586.

REYNOLDS, George (~1617-?)         free watchmaker of York 1641.

RIBARD alias RIBAUT, Achilles (fl.1610)               clockmaker, m. 1610 at St Margaret’s Westminster by licence DCW. A daughter Mary was baptised in the French church 1611. Probably worked for Cornelius MELLIN (qv), whose wife Jeanne was godmother to their daughter. A Thomas RIBARD was a contemporary clockmaker in Blois (Baillie).

RICAUT, Isaac (fl. 1627-1635)           forbidden to work the trade by CC 1632, but admitted 1635. In RoA in that year he was living in Grub Street, Cripplegate near Isaac PERONE (qv). Son Thomas app 1646 to Nicholas CHALLOCOMBE via GC at which time he was described as ‘clockmaker of London’.

ap RICHARD, James (~1610-?)         son of Meredith WILLIAM [sic] de [blank] in Co Radnor yeoman app to William MORTON for [blank] years [date blank but index says 13 Feb 1626] via the Clothworkers’ Company.

RICHARDS, Luke (fl. 1633-1664)      CC noted that he had not served his full 7 year apprenticeship 1633, app of Abraham GUYOT, free 1646. Took John SOMILLIER 1649; by 1662 living in Whitefriars. Will CCL, witnessed by James le GRAND (qv).

RICHARDSON, Thomas (~1600-?)    son of Thomas of Uckfield Sussex, tailor app 1612 to John STEVENSON via BC.

RICHE, John (1494->1544)                denizen clockmaker, described as ‘of Frampton’. Aged 50 in 1544 when made denizen. Came to England ~1524 and had two children (RoA).

RICORD, Richard (fl. 1649-1666)      brother of CC 1649, free of City 1652. Took apprentices through CC until 1664. Children in St Dunstan’s in the West, adm CCL 1666.

RIDER, Augustine (?-1593)               engraver and mathematical instrument maker, his shop was ‘a little from Leadenhall next to the sign of the Tower’. Free and Master of Grocers’ Company, via whom he took app Charles WHITWELL (qv) (Turner 2000). Adm CCL 1593 to widow Alice.

RIDGDALL, Nicholas (~1578-1614)   son of Richard RIDGDALL of Tinbury [Tewkesbury] in Gloucestershire, goldsmith app for 11 years 1591 to Randolph BULL (qv) via GC, free 1602. Master of Michael GARDINER 1600, Thomas MARTEN 1602, Richard CHAPLIN 1604, Giles BARNABY 1607 and Matthew HAWKINS 1613. Moved to St Sepulchre, London. There is an oval watch bearing the name ‘N RIDGDALL’ at the V&A dated ~1610. Will PCC 1614.

RISBY, Anthony (~1591-1628)           son of John RISBY of Thedingworth, Leicestershire yeoman, app 1605/6 via GC to Randolph BULL (qv); free 1614. Executor to Randolph’s will 1617 and married BULL’s daughter Sarah 1619 by CCL licence. Daughter Sarah c. 1620 St Gregory by St Paul’s. Petitioner for CC 1622. Master to William MORRIS, William JUDD and Thomas NOKE. Worked as a journeyman for Edmund BULL (qv) by 1627 when he rented a workshop in Ram Alley off Fleet Street. Buried St Dunstan’s in the West 12 Jul 1628, adm CCL 1628 to widow Sarah, when his estate was worth £175 8/-.

ROBERTS, H (fl. 1600)                     name engraved on the movement of a watch bearing an engraved face by Charles WHITWELL (qv) (Turner, 2000).

ROBINSON, Richard (1605-?)           son of Edward of Holbeach Co Lincoln chandler app 1618 to Roger GALE for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

ROBINSON, Robert (d.~1670) citizen and clockmaker of London, trustee in a bond between John FOWKE to Richard SILVERLOCK of lands in Staffordshire. An equity suit was initiated in 1670 by Silverlock against Fowke and Joan ROBINSON who may be Robert’s widow (TNA: C78-1412-23).

RODIRED, Robert (fl. 1622)              watchmaker in will of Isaac SIMMES (qv) 1622.

ROGERS, John (~1583-?)                  son of Roger, app of Charles BATCHELOR (qv) via GC 1597, free 1605. Master to William YATE (1606) at which time described as a clockmaker.

ROGERS, William (fl. 1640-1665)     brother of CC 1640, took several apprentices through them. Working in Chancery Lane 1662. Loving friend of Robert GRINKIN junior (qv). Acted as beadle to the CC.

ROMIER, Isaac (fl. 1622-1646)          foreign maker in 1622 petition, denizen 1634 when described as a jeweller. In 1635 claimed to have arrived in England ~1627 suggesting he left England between 1622 and 1627 (RoA). Married an Englishwoman and had children (c. St Dionis Backchurch) and an English servant. Denizen 1634 when described as a ‘jeweller’. In 1638 in Philpot Lane. CC steward 1641. Buried St Dionis Backchurch 1646. A Romier family were clockmakers in Rouen.

ROOKSBY, John (~1625-?)               son of Miles, baker, free watchmaker of York by patrimony 1647.

ROSE, Samuel (fl. 1639)                    workman with Robert LUDLAM (qv) (Evans 2001).

ROTHWOOD, Robert (~1580->1648)                      app of Charles BACHELOR (qv) via GC 1594; free 1604. Of Edmonton in 1616 Middx Session, m. 9 Feb 1618 to Jane the daughter of Thomas MARTIN of Edmonton at St Botoloph Aldgate, which time he was in the St Christopher’s parish near the Royal Exchange. Master to Thomas KELLET (1606), Thomas OSTCLIFFE (1607), Richard GROSSE (1616), Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632 and freeman 1646. Took Giles HYETT as app 1648.

ROWFINGER, John (fl. 1622)           foreign maker in the 1622 petition when working at Deptford. See also John RUFFYN.

van ROY, Richard (fl. 1541)              foreign servant of John GRINKIN (qv).

ROZEAN, Francis (fl. 1572-1616)      alias ROIAN and DEBLOCK, born La Fere, Picardy. Clockmaker in Blackfriars, denizen 1577. Married an Englishwoman against the will of Consistory of French church ~157X. Children baptised at St Anne Blackfriars 1581-1589. In 1593, had an unnamed English apprentice (roA). Adm CCL 1616.

RUDDIARD, Nicholas (~1618-?)        son of Thomas cit & goldsmith app 1632 to Sampson SHELTON via BC.

RUFFYN, John (fl. 1604-1638?)         lived in house of Jacob BULKE (qv) 1603 and possibly journeyman (RoA). May be the same as John ROWFINGER in 1622 petition and John ROUFER, a French servant to Christian VYNNER, Goldsmith 1638.

RUSSELL, Cornelius (1608-?)           son of Nicasius RUSSELL, watchmaker in London and The Hague. One of this name present on Heralds’ Visitations on 1634. Father to John RUSSELL whom he took as apprentice.

S

SALBIE, Thomas (fl. 1615)                clockmaker of Nottingham, received payments from Duke of Rutland for repairs to Garradon clock.

SALOMON, Michael (fl. 1568)          French journeyman of John du MELLIN (qv) 1568.

SAMPSON                                        see SAMSON

SAMSON, William (fl. 1597)              Clockmaker of Webley, Herefordshire 1585, offered freedom of Chester 1585 in return for repairing clock of St Peter’s Chester. Indicted for theft in Chester 1585. Remained there for >2 years, in Borough of Southwark by 1597. Father of the next.

SAMSON, William (~1583-?)             son of William SAMSON of the Borough of Southwark, clockmaker for 7 years from the Feast of All Saints via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Not free but may have employed David BOUQUET (qv) 1622.

SANDERS see SAUNDERS

SANDIS, William (~1648-?)               parentage unknown. App via CC 1659 to Robert GRINKIN junior (qv).

SANFORD, Solomon (~1668-?)          son of James SANFORD weaver of Uley, Gloucestershire dec app 1682 to Nathaniel CORBETT watchmaker of Swan Alley, St John’s Street via the Clothworkers Company.

SARGEANT, William (1598-?)          son of George of St Margaret Westminster tailor c. 9 Nov 1598, app 1616 to John STEVENSON via BC.

SAUNDERS, Daniel (1591-?)             son of Giles SAUNDERS, barber surgeon of London, c. 1591/2 St Dunstan’s in the West. App 1609 for 7 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv). Free 1616 of BC. Master to William GREENHAUGH (1625) via BC. Petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630; admitted to CC 1632. Father of John SAUNDERS who was app 1644 to Hannah CORCOTT via GC

SAVAGE, John (~1576-1627)             clockmaker of St Stephen’s, Exeter (see Ponsford 1985). Will PCC, inventory of goods Exeter RO. Master to Richard JOHNS (qv), father of the following:

SAVAGE, John (~1599-1617)             son of John SAVAGE of Exeter, Devon, clockmaker (qv), app 1613 for 9 years via BC to Robert GRINKIN senior. Not free of BC and not mentioned in father’s will. Burial 1617 in St Dunstan’s in the West as the servant of ‘Mr NOWTON’, adm CCL 1618.

SAVAGE, Peter (?-1657)                   son of John SAVAGE the elder (qv), clockmaker of St Stephen, Exeter. Free of Exeter 1628. Possibly linked with Robert Grinkin (qv) in London. Will PCC, (see Ponsford, 1985).

SAWELL, Richard (~1606-?)             son of James, cit & brownbaker app 1621 to Garrett FALCON (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company, free ~1631, master to Henry MYERS (1632).

SCARBOROUGH, William (~1615->1663)              son of William SCARBOROUGH haberdasher of London app 1631 for 7 yr to Lewis COOK (qv) via GC. Free of GC, later goldsmith. Worked at the Black Lion over the Mercers’ Chapel in Cheapside 1642-1663.

SCHMIDT, Gerschen                        see SMITH, George

SCOTT alias SHOTT, Derek (fl. 1567-1568)            Dutch servant with Peter MEDCALF (qv) 1567 and 1568 (RoA).

SCRIVENER, Richard (fl. 1639-1678)                     brother of CC 1639, took several appr <1667. Children baptised St Dunstan’s in the West. Will PCC 1678 when of St Clement Danes. ‘Very good friend’ of John HANCOCK, who may be the clockmaker of that name.

SEAMER, Abel (~1625-?)                  son of William (qv), free clockmaker of York 1649.

SEAMER, Joseph (~1625-?)               son of William (qv), free clockmaker of York 1649.

SEAMER, William (~1605-?)             free clockmaker of York 1627. Father to Abel and Joseph (qv).

SEARLE, Thomas (~1625-?)              son of Thomas of Horsham, Sussex gent dec app 1640 to John WARFIELD via BC.

SEFTON, Henry (~1606-)                  parentage unknown, app 1620 via Grocers’ Company to Elias ALLEN (qv) and free 1631. No other details.

SEIGNOUR, Robert (1645-1687)       son of George SENNIOR tailor, c. 26 May 1645 St Dunstan’s in the West. Appr to John NICASIUS (qv) and free of CC 1667. Worked in Exchange Alley. Earmarked as clockmaker to Charles II 1674 after Edward EAST but did not survive him. Will PCC (see transcript).

SELLINGER, William (~1612-?) son of Anthony SELLINGER gent of London app 1625 for 8 yr via GC to Onisephorus HELDEN, free GC 1633.

SELWOOD, John (1613-1651)           son of Thomas of Eaton, Berks yeoman c. 23 Jan 1613 at Cumnor, app 1630 to Peter CLOSON (qv) for 7 years. Brother of CC 1640, m.1642 Dorothy BROOKES All Hallows London Wall. Took appr CC <1647 (Loomes, 1979). Adm PCC 1651 when of All Hallows by the Wall.

SELWOOD, William (1607-1653)      son of Richard of Eaton, Berks husbandman c.20 Dec 1607 at Appleton, app 1624 to Henry STEPHENS (qv) via Clothworkers Company. Took apprentices via Clothworkers Thomas KNIFTON (qv) and Henry IRELAND (1632) and several via CC. Brother of CC 1633. Member of Clothworkers’ livery 1653. Worked at the ‘Mermaid in Lothbury’ (Loomes, 1979).

SEMER see SENIOR

le SENE, John (fl. 1542)                     French servant to Sebastian le SENE (qv) 1542. Married by 1567 when recorded in Aldrichgate Ward. One of this name in Paris 1600-1635. See also John JYSAN.

le SENE, Sebastian (fl. 1530->1548)   alias SYNNE, SYME, SINNE etc., ‘Bastien le Horloger’ and ‘Bestian Bynne Lysney’. Clockmaker to Henry VIII, born Normandy, came to England ~1530. 1540-1542 he lived in Westminster with servants, John FOONYER (qv), John JYSAN (qv), John de MEARE (qv) John le SENE (qv), Peter … and ‘Gabriel’. Granted denizenship 1541. In 1544 he was living in St Martin’s in the Fields with three appr Thomas BASSYLL (qv), George van WACHELDE (qv) and Francis ANTELE (qv). In 1547, he appears immediately before Richard and Nicholas OURSIAN (qv) with whom he may have had close links. An important early maker.

SENIOR                                            see also SEIGNOUR and SEAMER

SENIOR, Mark (~1585-?)                  app of Peter SENIOR (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company, free 1605.

SENIOR, Peter (~1572-?)                   app of Peter MEDCALF, free of Clothworkers’ Company 1595. Master to Mark SENIOR.

SHELTON, Sampson (~1600-1648)    son of Sampson SHELTON of Sheepshed, Leicestershire, app 1614 via BC to Robert GRINKIN the elder. Free of BC 1621 and steward 1632. Treasurer for 1630 CC petition. One of first CC wardens 1632, Master 1634 and 1638. M. 1640 Isabel TANFIELD by CCL licence. Took apprentices Peter PRITCHARD (1627), Henry LEVENTHORPE (1629) and Nicholas RUDDIARD (1632) via BC and several via CC. Lived at St Bride’s and will PCC 1648. Established a charity of £50 within CC to support poor freemen. Friend of Thomas LOOMES (qv). Watch at the British Museum.

SHELTON, Thomas (fl. 1629-1641)   probably son of Elias SHELTON cit & pewterer, whose business was taken over by Francis ALKIN (qv). Free of PC by patrimony 1629. Petitioned CC 1635 but not admitted, but instead made clerk. PC records him in 1641.

SHEPPARD, Thomas (~1600-1653)   son of Stephen SHEPPARD late of Melford, Suffolk, maltster, app 1614 for 9 years via GC to Randolph BULL (qv). Free of GC, petitioner for CC 1630. Master of David WHITEHEAD 1628 and Evan JONES 1630 (qv). Brother of CC 1632. Probably returned to Melford, with adm PCC 1653.

SHEWSWELL, Thomas (~1602-?)     parentage unknown, no appr via Grocers’ Company but free 1623 as app of Elias ALLEN (qv). No other details.

SHORTER, James (~1612-?)             son of Henry SHORTER of Colbrook, Buckinghamshire miller/baker, app 1627 for 8 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv).

SHOSORE, Jacob (fl. 1568)               French, servant to Charles DURRANT (RoA).

SHOTT                                             see SCOTT

SHUTT, Casper (fl. 1647)                  probably same as Jasper SCHUTE, brother of CC 1647.

SILMAN, John (fl. 1642) watchmaker, defendant in action for debt of 56/- by William WATKINS (TNA: CP40-2495-6).

SILVESTER, Joshua (~1580-?)          parentage unknown, app 1594 to Charles WHITWELL (qv) via Grocers Company. Not free – no other details.

SIMMES, Isaac (~1579-1622)             son of Roger SIMMES, clerk of London, app to John HUMPHREY, but t/o to Richard LITLER (qv) 1596. Free of GC 1603 strangely as the app of Daniel BENNETT. Clock and mathematical instrument maker (Turner 2000). Possibly trained in Randolph Bull’s (qv) workshop. M. Emma HOWE 1603 by CCL licence, being of St Botolph’s Aldgate. Indicted in 1617 in Middesex Sessions for cheating a watch from Edward YELVERTON. Petitioner for CC 1622. Took John GODDARD (qv) as apprentice when at Houndsditch. Will PCC 1622 (Thompson 1987).

SIMONS, John (1517-?) clockmaker of Ipswich (?), witness in a chancery case in 1567 at which time he was 50 years old: Town of Ipswich vs Edmund WITHYPOLL (TNA: STAC5-J4-7).

SIMPIOLL alias SIMPSHALL, Denis (fl. 1568-1571)     Born Lyons, arrived in England 1568, recorded as journeyman to Lawrence ARONDELL (qv) with brother? John SIMPIOLL in that year (RoA). Journeyman for Charles DURANT 1571.

SIMPIOLL, John (fl. 1568)                French journeyman to Lawrence ARONDELL (qv) with brother? Denis (RoA).

SIMPSHALL                                    see SIMPIOLL

SLATER, William (~1572-1588)        son of William SLATER yeoman in the Co of York (no place given), app 1583 via GC for 10 years to Randolph BULL (qv). Buried 12 Jun 1588 St Gregory by St Paul, London.

SMALLEY, Edward (~1612-?)          son of William SMALLEY of Long Whatton, Leicestershire, farmer, app 1626 to John WILLOW (qv) for 8 years via BC, but t/o to Thomas OLDFIELD. Had several apprentices of his own but none as yet linked to clockmaking.

SMART Thomas (~1610-?)                son of Thomas of Witney Co Oxon sexton app 1627 to Thomas READE for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company. Free 1641.

SMITH, Edward (fl. ~1635)               app of George SMITH in St Martin’s in the Fields, petitioned Westminster Quarter sessions [GLRO-WJ/SR(NS)2B/030] to require his master to take him back or repay a £12 apprenticeship fee.

SMITH, George (?-1639)                   denizen, originally Gerschen SCHMIDT from Augsburg. In 1617 claimed to Middlesex sessions that he had had gems and watches stolen by a Helen STONE, then of St Martins in the Fields. Identified as an ‘alien clockmaker working with two apprentices next to the New Exchange’ in 1622 petition. Petitioner for CC 1630, freeman 1632. Master to Edward SMITH (qv) ~1635. Will ACL 1639. Watch in the Ashmolean Museum (Thompson, 2002).

SMITH, George (fl. 1650)                  asked to repair the town clock in Dundee.

SMITH, James (fl. 1650)                    burgess of Edinburgh, received his brother William’s (qv) estate 1650.

SMITH, John (~1582-?)                     parentage unknown, app 1596 via Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv). Not free – but possibly the same as the following.

SMITH, John (fl. 1622-1650)             Petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630. Possibly two makers of this name in 1630, since name appears twice on petition. One of first assistants 1632, Warden 1638 and Master 1639. Will PCC when described as watchmaker of St Clement Danes. Passed much of estate to son-in-law William SMITH (qv).

SMITH, Robert (fl. 1646-1652)          free of CC 1646, took several appr via them. CC assistant from 1649. Married widow of Thomas HOWSE (qv). Died 5 Oct 1652 living in Pope’s Head Alley. Possibly member of Saddlers’ Company. Turner (1968) suggests he is responsible for mathematical instruments signed “R.S.”. Will PCC.

SMITH, Thomas (fl. 1642) clockmaker of Cockfield, Suffolk, defendant in an action for trespass by Thomas PAGE (TNA: CP40-2495).

SMITH, Thomas (~1634-1650)           parentage unknown, app 1647 via CC to Joseph QUASH, but t/o to Robert GRINKIN junior (qv). Buried St Dunstan’s in the West 12 Feb 1650/1.

SMITH, Walter (fl. 1640)                   brother of CC 1640.

SMITH, William (fl. 1412) clockmaker of Blackwell, Worcestershire, defendant in an action for debt initiated by John WILCOTES (TNA:CP40-605).

SMITH, William (d. 1650)                 knockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, Will at Edinburgh. Estate passed to brother James SMITH, also a knockmaker.

SMITH, William (~1615-1680)           son of William SMITH minister of Blackborton, Oxfordshire, app 1631 to John MIDNALL (qv) via the GC, free of them 1639. Married Sarah, daughter of John SMITH (qv). A watchmaker, children born St Dunstan’s in the West 1640-50s. Will PCC 1680.

SNOOKE, John (fl. 1606-1632)          brother of CC 1632. Adm PCC 1632 when of St Sepulchre’s parish. Possibly the same as Hans SNOECK whose children baptised in the Dutch church 1612-1613.

SOMELLIER, Pierre (fl. 1571)          clockmaker of Rye, Sussex, appears with wife in a deed 1571.

SOUTH, Peter (~1610-?)                    son of Thomas of Salisbury Wilts grocer to Benjamin HARWOOD app 1627 via BC.

SPRATT, Gregory (fl. 1622)              foreign maker in 1622 working in St Martin’s in London with two apprentices (RoA).

STAFFORD, Richard (~1590-?)         app of Edward DUBBER, free of the Clothworkers’ Company 1613. Master to Samuel FRANKLIN (1613) and Edward PINCKARD (1618).

STARNILL or STERNILL, James (fl. 1647-1656)   possibly free of Weavers’ Company, took app via the CC. Adm PCC 1656 when of St Alphage.

STANBOROUGH, Richard (1645-?) app 1659 to Mr CURRIER via BC t/o George FARMER cit and joiner.

STANLEY, Richard (1615-?)             son of Francis of Taunton in Co Somerset cellarer app 1629 to William MORTON for 7 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

STOSEBEY, John (~1652-?)              son of Richard, cit and bricklayer of London dec, app 1666 to Joseph WEBB via the Clothworkers Company, when master was of Mudwell Street, Cripplegate; free 1673 of the same company.

STEELE, Thomas (~1630-?)              son of Thomas of Barrowby, Lincs dec app 1647/8 to Richard CRAYLE via BC.

STENT, John (~1620-?)                     son of Robert of Lewes, Sussex, app 1635 to Thomas HOWSE (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company.

STEPHENS                                       see STEVENS

STERNILL                                       see STARNILL

STEVENS, Edward (1612-?)              son of Robert of Eaton, Berks yeoman c. 28 Jun 1612 at Appleby, app 1627 via the Clothworkers’ Company to Peter CLOSON for 8 years. Loomes records he was known to CC.

STEPHENS, Francis (fl. 1632->1658) brother of CC 1632, took app via CC 1648-1650. Paid quarterage arrears 1658. Not on 1662 lists. Possibly m. 1634 Margaret SNOOKE, who may be the daughter or sister of John (qv).

STEVENS, Henry (1568?-1625)         possibly son of William STEVENS of Steventon, Berks (c. 1568), app of John HARVEY (qv) via the Clothworkers’ company, free 1598. m. 1597 Ann CLOSON, sister of Peter (qv). Took apprentices Thomas READ (f. 1609), Henry STONE (1606), Richard SWAYNE (1608), brother in law Peter CLOSON (1608), William MORTON (1613), Richard WALKER (1617), John BAYS (1619), William SELWOOD (1624). Made 1622 agreement with churchwardens of Lambeth to maintain clock (Drew 1940).

STEVENSON, John (~1584-1665)      Clockmaker, free of BC 1606/7. M. 1611 Alice BETT by CCL licence when blacksmith of St Dunstan’s in the West. In 1614 of Coleman Street in Middlesex Sessions Records. Had apps William PRATTON (1607), Ralph CONSTABLE (1609), Jonas JORDEN (1611), Thomas RICHARDSON (1612), Henry WESTWOOD (1612), Richard GOODALL (1615), Alexander MOSSE (1615), Robert THORPE (1615), William SARGEANT (1616), John DAWKES (1616). Will CCL 1665.

STILEMAN, John (~1618-?)              son of Bartholomew STILEMAN of Hatley, Sutton gent, app 1632 for 7 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv). Brother of CC 1640.

STOCKDAN, Richard (d. 1609)         servant to Thomas CAESAR, buried St Dunstan’s in the West.

STOCKLEY, James (~1625-?)           son of William of Culworth Co Northampton app 1639 to William MORTON for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

STOKE, Lawrence and Roger (fl. 1321-1325)           Responsible for a weight-driven clock for Norwich Cathedral.

STONE, Henry (1590-?)                    son of John of Steventon, Berks yeoman app 1606 to Henry STEPHENS (qv) via Clothworkers’ Company. Free 1615. Master to brother Richard STONE (1618), William JOHNS (1624), Thomas HARRISON (1629), Percival WALKER (1629), John TURNER (1634), Thomas DIXON (1637), William ATKINS (1640). In 1638 paid rent in St James Duke Street, London.

STONE Richard (1603-?)                  son of John of Steventon, Berks, yeoman, c. 1603 at Steventon, Berks, app 1618 for 7 years to brother Henry (above) via the Clothworkers’ Company.

STREET Edward (~1619-?)               son of George of Droitwich, Worcestershire, farmer, app 1633 for 8 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv). Not free – no other details.

SUMMER or SURMOIRE, John (fl. 1634-1648)      free of CC 1634, possibly French. Received CC charity 1648.

SUTTON, Thomas (~1600-?) son of Edmund SUTTON of [blank] Staffordshire, yeoman app 1615 for 10 yr to Nicholas RIDYARD [sic] via GC, recte Nicholas RIDGDALE?

SWAYNE, Richard (1594-?)              son of William of Breckington in Co Oxon farmer app 1608 to Henry STEPHENS via Clothworkers’ Company.

T

TATNELL                                        see TOTNILL

TAYLOR, Andrew (fl. 1646)              hammerman of Dundee, took over responsibility for town clock from John RAMSAY (qv).

TAYLOR, Edward (~1606-?)             son of John TAYLOR, app to John DRAKE (qv), free of BC 1629.

TAYLOR, Edward (~1630-?)             son of Edward (qv) app 1644 to his father via BC.

TAYLOR, Richard (~1635-?)             son of Edward (qv) app 1650 to his father via BC.

TAYLOR, Thomas (~1602-?)             son of Ralph of Halesowen, Shropshire, milliner, app 1616 to William BOWYER via Pewterers’ Company. Free of PC 1624.

TAYLOR, William (~1613-?)             son of Thomas citizen and cutler, app 1627 to John WILLOW (qv) via BC.

TAYLOR, William (~1613-?)             app 1661 to David PARRY via BC.

TEMPEST, Henry (~1620-?)              parentage unknown, app 1638 via CC to Thomas DAWSON but t/o to Robert GRINKIN junior. Not free – no other details.

TENNANT, Leonard (~1580-1646)    maker of turret clocks, free of JC. Master to Christopher HARRIS (1605) via BC. Will CCL (see Evans, 2000, 2001).

TENNANT, Joseph (~1625-?)            cousin and app of Leonard TENNANT (qv), app 1639/40 and free of the Joiners’ Company 1646. Received Leonard’s tools 1646 (Evans, 2000). Master to Richard WILD 1659 via BC.

TENNS, Christopher (fl. 1568)           Dutch servant born Cleveland, servant with Peter MEDCALF (qv) 1568. See Christopher GUYES who is probably the same.

THORPE, Robert (~1600-?)               son of Samuel of Whittington Derby husbandman app 1611 to William WEBSTER via BC, 1615 master deceased t/o by Margaret WEBSTER widow of master to John STEVENSON.

THRELKELD, ? (fl. 1638-1645)        not free of CC but took app through them as ‘Mr Threlkeld’. Loomes links him to William Threlkeld, curate of Brancepeth in Co Durham, who d. 1675, and father to Deodatus Threlkeld, also a clockmaker.

TICE  see TIESE

TIESE, John (fl. 1565-1606)               c. 1568 at Stroud near Rochester, m. 1592 Esther, daughter of Marcus GHEERAERTS the elder at the Dutch church. Cutler and clockmaker of St Anne, Blackfriars, children baptised there 1593-1605. Will CCL 1606. Widow married Henry ARCHER (qv). Watches known signed ‘John Tiese at London’.

TOMLINSON, Thomas (fl. 1646-~1664)                  brother of CC 1646, of Chancery Lane 1662. Did not pay quarterage 1664.

TOMSON, John (~1620-?) son of John TOMSON clerk of Suffolk app 1634 for 8 yr via GC to Onisephorus HELDEN.

TOMPSON, John (~1610-?)               app 1626 to Richard NURSE (qv) via Joiners’ Company, free 1633/4 (Evans, 2000).

TORADO, Francis (fl. 1627-1662)      only son of Jacob TORADO, jeweller of St Clement Danes. In 1627 a French gentleman lodging with John HAMMON in St Martin’s in the Fields as ‘TORRENGO’ (RoA). Married Elizabeth COTTLE there in 1632. Brother of CC 1633. Working with son of same name 1662.

TOTNALL, Ash (~1600-1631?)          son of William of Pinsons, Berks, app 1614 to Garrett FALCON (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company. M. 1622 Elizabeth STAMP at St Dunstan’s Stepney. Master to Robert WHITTINGHAM (qv) 1628. Maybe d, 1631 since app t/o Hills WHITTINGHAM.

TOUSON see TOWSON

TOWNSEND, John (fl. 1632)             servant to Humphrey CLARKE (qv), forbidden to work the trade by CC 1632.

TOWSON, Richard (~1600-?)            son of William TOUSONE of Plymouth, mariner, app 1616 for 9 yr to George BULL (qv) via GC.

TRASILLION, Anthony (fl. 1520-1531)                   clockmaker to Henry VIII from <1520, from whom he received quarterly wages of 30/5. Said to have worked at Hampton Court from 1528. Will DCW 1531. Owed money to Ralph VOTIER (qv) at his death, whom he may have employed.

TURKEY, Thomas (fl. 1646)              promised CC to bind app through them 1646 but no subsequent record.

TURLINGTON, Thomas (~1600-?) son of Ralph TURLINGTON of Leicester, app 1611 to Michael GARDINER (qv) via GC for 9 years.

TURNER, Edward (~1620-?)             son of George of Essendon Herts husbandman app 1633 to Barbara widow of Jonas JORDAN via BC.

TURNER, John (1613-?)                    son of John of Steventon Co Berks clothworker c. 1613 at Steventon, Berks. App 1634 for 7 years to Henry STONE via the Clothworkers’ Company.

TURNER, John (~1620-?)   son of Edward of Leicester gent dec to John WARFIELD app 22 Jun 1638 via BC.

TURNER, William (fl. 1774) late of Westminster in the County of Middlesex, watchmaker, defendant in an action for debt (TNA: KB122-387).

TYCE, John (fl. 1597-1606)               see TIESE, John

U

UHYKES                                          see WICKES

URSELL, URSHAWE                       see OURSIAN

V

VALLIN, Anthony (1567-1593)          born Brussels, son of John (qv) and brother to Nicholas (qv). Came to England with father and brother 1585, m. 1592 Linkyn MICHAELS and had son John and daughter Elizabeth (c. 1592). Will DCSP 1593.

VALLIN, John (?-1593)                     Born Brussels, made astronomical clock there 1567. Came to England ~1585, lived in St Anne Blackfriars. In 1586, sold a clock to Lord of Rutland for £10. Married 1590 Eleanor GRIFFIN at St Bartholomew by the Exchange. Will PCC dated 4 Aug 1593 but not proved until 1605. Father of Anthony and Nicholas (qv). Had property in London and overseas (Lloyd and Drover, 1954).

VALLIN, Nicholas (1563-1603)          son of John (qv), born Brussels, came to England with father 1585. Married 1590 Elizabeth RENDTMEESTERS, lived in St Anne Blackfriars, daughter Margaret c. 1591. Daughters Elizabeth (c. 1593) and Jannekyn (c. 1595) at Dutch church. Aged 30 when examined 1593 (RoA). Died of plague with journeymen John ARCHER (qv) and John LE GRO (qv). Will witnessed by Michael NOWEN (qv). Buried at St Anne Blackfriars 17 Sep 1603 (see Lloyd & Drover, 1954, for detail of his family and Leopold & Vincent for a description of an important piece).

VANDOUGANE                               see van DOUGANE

VANGALAND                                  see van GHEELE

VAUTIER                                         see VOTIER

VAUTROLLIER, James (~1583-1645)                    son of Thomas VAUTROLLIER, cit & stationer (le Fanu, 1959). Brother in law to Peter DE HINDE (qv) who may have trained him. Born in England, children born in St Saviour Southwark 1606-1608. Free of BC by redemption 1610. Master to John DENNIS 1612 via BC. Employed Lewis CUPER 1622, when petitioner for CC. Lived without Temple Bar, St Clement Danes from at least 1622. Petitioned 1630 and Assistant 1632. M. Isobel WALTON 1635 at St Margaret’s Westminster. Took three apprentices through CC 1637-1641. Buried St Clement Danes 11 Jun 1645.

VERNON, Christopher (fl. 1639-1647)                    brother CC 1639, took app Josias PRESTON via CC that year. Lantern clock signed ‘at ye Great Turnstyle, Holborn’. Adm PCC 1647 of St Giles in the Fields.

VERNON, Samuel (fl. 1648-1681)      brother of CC 1648. Led rebellion with Ahasuerus Fromanteel (qv) against CC hierarchy 1656. Took app via CC <1678. Assistant of CC 1668, Warden 1677 and Master 1680. Last attended 1681 when probably died.

VESEY, Richard (~1625-?)                son of Anthony of Barwell, Leicestershire wheelwright app 1640 to William GREENHOUGH via BC.

VOLANT, Elias (fl. 1625-1635)          French clockmaker, in 1622 working in ‘in Holborn at a barbers house with two apprentices’. One of these was probably Elias du PREE (qv). Denizen 1626, in 1627 of St Giles in the Fields with du PREE. Petitioner for CC 1630, admitted 1632. Edward AMBROSE was an unlicensed apprentice 1634, who was handed to Josias CUPER (qv). In 1635 was in the Liberty of the Strand (RoA).

VOTIER, Guillame (fl.1540-1550)     see William VOTIER

VOTIER, Lewis (1591-1638, London 1622)             foreign maker in Gunpowder Alley, Shoe Lane with Abel MAUPAS (qv) in 1622. Identified with Lewis VOTIER of Blois, born ~1591 and died 1638. Married Rachel MAUPAS, who was probably related to Abel.

VOTIER, John (fl. 1532-1556)           clockmaker born Rouen, arrived in England ~1532. Denizen 1544 when in Blackfriars with ‘Mistress Peter the Grecian widow’. In 1549 lived in Black Horse Alley, St Brides with Peter de la Mare (qv). Buried 23 Dec 1556 at St Margaret Westminster. Undoubtedly brother of William VOTIER (qv).

VOTIER, Ralph (fl. 1531-1537)         smith, witness and creditor of Anthony TRASILLION (qv) for whom he probably worked. Adm DCW 1537 to widow Alice. Undoubtedly related to John and William VOTIER (qv).

VOTIER, Robinet alias Robert (fl. 1524)                 blacksmith of New Windsor, born Normandy. Given protection by Henry VIII 1524. Undoubtedly related to Ralph, John and William VOTIER (qv).

VOTIER, William (fl. 1525-1557)      French, came to England ~1525. 1540 recorded as servant to ‘Guillame the King’s servant’. Denizen 1541 when still unmarried. In 1542 employed Thomas BASSALL (qv) and Charles DURRANT (qv) in Westminster (RoA). 1549 employed William MOLLETT (qv) and Garrett LOCKSMITH (qv). Will DCW, left tools to son William and nephew Gabriel BUEGUET (qv).

VOTIER, William (~1540->1582?)     son of above, received father’s tools in will of 1557. One of this name a ‘budgetmaker’ in St Botolph’s, Aldersgate 1582.

VOYCE, William (~1675-?)               son of John of Sudbury, Suffolk clothier app 1688 to Job BETTS via BC.

W

van WACHELDE, George (fl. 1544)  app of Sebastian le SENE (qv) 1544.

WAGSTAFFE, Edward (~1637->1678)                    app 1650 via Richard MASTERSON to Edward EAST via CC. Undoubtedly the same as the watchmaker of Faresley, Staffordshire, father to Samuel WAGSTAFF who was app to William AMEY bookseller of London Wall by Currier’s Hall in 1678 via the Clothworkers Company.

WALKER, James (1604-?)                son of Roger of Skenfrith in Co Monmouth, carpenter app 1619 via Clothworkers’ Company to Peter CLOSON for 8 years.

WALKER, John (f. 1630-1632)          Petitioner for CC 1630, brother 1632. One of this name, a blacksmith of Westminster, married Mary VINSAM by CCL licence 1607.

WALKER, Percival (~1615-?)            son of Percival of Pomfrede in Co Yorks blacksmith app 1629 for 7 years to Henry STONE via the Clothworkers’ Company.

WALKER, Richard (1603-?)             son of Roger of Skenfrith in co Monmouth carpenter app 1617 to Henry STEPHENS via the Clothworkers’ Company.

WALLIS, Miles (~1608=?) son of John WALLIS cit and salter of London app 1622 for 9 years to Samuel LINACRE via GC.

WALSALL, Robert (~1615-?)            son of Thomas of Aughton, Lancs yeoman app 1631 to Thomas HOLLAND via BC.

WALTER, Nicholas (fl. 1622-1658)    petitioner for CC 1622 and 1630. Paid CC fine 1632. Possibly will PCC 1658 when of Great Hounward, Bucks. Watch known signed ‘Nicholas Walter’.

WALTER, Richard (fl. 1599-1617)    probably app to Peter MEDCALF, t/o Edward DUBBER. Free of Clothworkers’ Company 1593. Maintained the clock at All Hallows, Staining, London (Evans, 2001). Of Mark Lane 1614 (Middx sessions), adm ACL 1617.

WANDESFORD, Miles (fl. 1633)       fined by CC 1633, name sometimes read as Mandesford (qv).

WANSEY, Henry (~1618-?) son of John WANSEY, glover of Warminster, Wilts app 1631 for 8 yr via GC to John CHARLTON, t/o Francis BURROWS and then t/o Thomas HOWSE. Free of GC 1639.

WATKINS, Matthew (~1615-?) son of John WATKINS of Bosbury, Herefordshire, butcher dec app 1629 to Richard CRAFT of Fetter Lane via MT.

WARD, Edward (~?-1657)                 free of Pewterer’s company. Brother of CC 1638, took app via them 1638 and 1654. Will PCC 1657, witnessed by John MIDDLETON (qv). Of St Botolph’s Aldgate.

WARD, Thomas (fl. 1632-1635)         brother of CC 1632, known to them 1632-1635.

WARD, Thomas (~1620-?)                 son of Robert WARD of Retford in Co Nottinghamshire textor app 1637 to William MORETON for 9 years via the Clothworkers’ Company.

WARDEN, Benjamin (~1665-?)         free of Clothworkers Company 1687 as the apprentice of Samuel YATES. Undoubtedly the same as Benjamin MARDEN (qv).

WARFIELD, Alexander (~1640->1678)                   app 1655 to John WARFIELD via BC to whom he was undoubtedly related. Children c. at St Andrew Holborn 1670-1678.

WARFIELD, John (fl. 1629-1666)      son of Richard of Dry Drayton, Cambs, clerk dec app 1629 to Richard CRAYLE. M. 1640 Rachael CLARK by CCL licence. Working in Fleet Street 1646-1662. Rebel against CC administration 1656. Master to Alexander WARFIELD, Thomas PARRY (1652), John TURNER (1638), John EDWARDS (1650/1), Charles EDWARDS (1661/2), John DIDE (1655), Thomas DIDE (1647/8), Nathaniel BRICKENDON (1651). Adm CCL 1666.

WARRENER, Christopher (1580-?)  app of John HARVEY, free of Clothworkers; Company 1605.

WATSON, Richard (~1587-?)            son of John WATSON of Kings Norton, Worcestershire, yeoman, app 1602 for 9 yr to Charles BATCHELOR (qv) via GC. Possible t/o Charles WATSON.

WEBB, Benjamin (~1636-?)               son of William WEBB citizen and clothworker dec, brother of Joseph (below); app 1651 to John LEE stockingweaver of Mke [Milk?] Lane via the Clothworkers Company. Later described as a stockingweaver of Whitechapel but had clockmaker Samuel YATES (qv) as an apprentice 1662 when of Adam and Eve Court, Whitechapel, perhaps t/o to his brother Joseph.

WEBB, Joseph (~1636-?)                   son of William WEBB citizen and clothworker, app 1650 to Richard MASTERSON via CC, t/o to Masterson’s widow in 1653. Free of Clothworkers Company by patrimony 1663, but probably also taught Samuel YATES who was app to his brother Benjamin in 1662. Took app via Clothworkers John STOSEBY (1666) when of Mudwell Street, Cripplegate; Richard GAYWOOD (1676) and Richard DUCANEY (1677), when a watchmaker of Golden Lane, London; at ‘ye spire in Southwark’ when master to Charles CATES (1680) and in Blackman Street, Surrey when master to John COLSON (1684). Master also to Wills KINNEY (free 1681).

WEBB, Steven (~1610-?)                    son of Rice WEBB haberdasher of London app 1625 for 8 yr to John MIDNALL (qv) via GC.

WEDDALL, Francis (~1615-?)          son of Christopher of Spaldingmoor, Yorks gent dec app 1629 to Thomas HOLLAND via BC.

WEEKES, Thomas (fl. 1654-<1688)   brother of CC 1654, took app through CC <1672. Brought before the CC court 1654 when of St Olave’s Southwark. Dead <1688, when son free.

de WELKE, Christian (fl. 1628-1635) denizen 1627, brother of BC 1628, a ‘Polander’. M. 1628 Ann NICASIUS. Wrote original petition for CC 1630. Moved from London to Amsterdam just after the establishment of CC (Leopold, 1989).

WESTMORELAND, Walter (~1612-?)                    son of Matthew cit & waxchandler of London, app 1627 for 8 years via BC to Edmund BULL (qv). Appears in CC records.

WESTWOOD, Henry (~1600-?)         son of Richard of Steeple Ashton, Wilts husbandman dec app 1612 to John STEVENSON via BC.

WHITE, John (fl. 1646-1656)             free of Grocer’s Company, also free of CC 1646. Took two app <1656.

WHITEHAIR, Richard (fl. 1647)       brother of CC 1647, also known in Reading.

WHITEHEAD, David (~1613-?)        son of Thomas WHITEHEAD citizen and ironmonger of London, app 1628 for 8 years to Thomas SHEAPHEARD (qv) via the GC.

WHITLACH, John (~1615->1639)     son of Thomas of London gent app 1629 to John HARRIS via BC. Brother of CC 1637, master of Edward CARPENTER (1639) via CC t/o from Thomas DAWSON (qv). Defendant in a series of actions for debt in 1642 initiated by Cockan FARMER and Richard POOLE, variously described as ‘citizen and blacksmith’ and ‘citizen and clockmaker’ (TNA: KB27-1675). Whitlach did not defend the cases and was ruled against including costs of 21/- for each case.

WHITELOCK, Richard (~1617->1666)                   app of William BROWN (qv) via GC. Later free, m. 1641. One of this name goldsmith in St Andrews Holborn 1641-1666.

WHITTINGHAM, Robert (~1613-?)  son of Gawen of Tottenham, Middlesex yeoman, app 1628 to Ash TOTNALL (qv) via Brownbakers’ Company, t/o 1631 to his brother Hills WHITTINGHAM.

WHITWELL, Charles (~1570-1611)  parentage unknown but brother in law to Robert GRINKIN senior (qv). A mathematical instrument maker, app via Grocers’ Company to Augustine RIDER (qv). Master of that company. Had a shop ‘without Temple Bar against St Clements Church’. Master to several including Elias ALLEN (qv). Turner (2000) gives descriptions of a watch bearing his name and a watch face attributed to him. Buried 1611 St Clement Danes, adm PCC.

WHITWELL, Robert (?-1606)           of St Mildred, Bread Street, brother of Charles (qv), who took over a loan of £50 from Grocers’ Company. A watch bearing the name R WHITWELL dated ~1600 is known (Turner 2000), which may be this man. Alternatively may refer to the following, if the watch is misdated. Adm PCC 1606.

WHITWELL, Robert (~1628-~1675)  probably son of Edmund WHITWELL, cit & salter, app via CC to Oswald DURRANT (qv) but t/o to his cousin Robert GRINKIN junior. Free CC 1649. Received alms from CC 1674 because of sickness. Dead <1678. Baillie records a minute hand watch in the Marriatt collection.

WICKES, Alan (?-1396)                    Clockmaker of Fleet Street, London, will ACL 1396. Little else is known about this elusive figure.

WIGHT, William (d.1602)                 knockmaker of Stirling in Scotland, Will proved 1602 in Edinburgh.

WIGMORE, Henry (fl. 1610-1625)    clockmaker of Chancery Lane, St Dunstan’s in the West, children baptised there 1610-1620. 1616 stood as surety in the Middlesex sessions. Married to Ursula who died 1625. Possibly same as Henry MOORE (qv)?

WILD, Richard (~1645-?)                  app 1659 to John HUDSON via BC t/o Joseph TENNANT cit & joiner.

WILKINSON, John (~1611-?)           son of James WILKINSON of St Mary Magdalene Old Fish Street, London, app 1633 for 8 years to Robert BRAMPTON (qv) via the GC.

WILLIARME, Pierre (fl. 1623-1654) born Geneva, came to England ~1623 (RoA). Asked by CC for quarterage 1633, in St Botolph’s, Aldersgate until >1638. Brother of CC 1648, took app Richard STAMFORD 1652, but his father complained to CC 1654 about the boy’s training.

WILLOW, Christopher (fl. ~1610)     clockmaker of Leominster, Herefordshire, father of John WILLOW (qv).

WILLOW, Henry (d. 1625)                servant of John WILLOW (qv) to whom he was undoubtedly related. Died of plague and buried at St Dunstan’s in the West.

WILLOW, John (~1595-1653)           son of Christopher WILLOW of Leominster, Herefordshire, clockmaker, app 1609/10 via BC to Robert GRINKIN senior (qv), free 1617. CC petitioner 1622 and 1630. Worked for the Earl of Salisbury 1625-1629, witness to will of Robert GRINKIN senior 1626. Apprentices via BC William CLAY (1626), Edward SMALLEY (1626), William TAYLOR (1627) and Edward CARTER (1632). First warden of CC 1632, Master 1635. Apprentices via CC include Henry WILLOW and John NICASIUS (qv). Buried St Dunstan’s in the West 13 Jan 1653, Adm PCC. Watch in Ashmolean Museum (Thompson, 2002).

WILSON Adam (~1619-?)                 son of Adam WILSON of Nutfield, Surrey, Theology Doctor, app 1633 for 9 years via BC to Richard CRAYLE (qv). The father has Adm PCC 1634. Not free – no other details.

WILSON, Henry (~1597-?)                son of Nicholas WILSON of Sheepwash in Lincolnshire, app 1611 for 8 years to Edmund BULL (qv) via BC. Not free – no other details.

WILSON, Henry (~1602-?)                son of Robert WILSON of Henley upon Thames, Surrey, app 1616/7 to Robert GRINKIN the elder via BC.

WILSON, John (?-1604)                    clocksmith, children at St Helen’s Stonegate, York, buried there when died of plague 1604.

WILSON, Richard (~1560-1613)        clocksmith, free of York 1585 as a locksmith. Father to following, will PCY 1613 when of Stonegate, York.

WILSON, William (~1585-?)             son of Richard WILSON (qv) left property in Stonegate by father. Free clockmaker of York 1607.

WIN see WYNNE

WINCKFIELD, Edward (~1614-?)    parentage unknown, app 1629 via Grocers’ Company to Elias ALLEN (qv). Not free – no other details.

WOODALL, Thomas (~1583-?)         parentage unknown, free 1604 of Grocers’ Company as app of Charles WHITWELL (qv). No other details.

WOODFORD, Simon (fl. 1510)          helped William BUCKHURST (qv) repair clocks at St Lawrence for the corporation of New Romney.

WOODINGTON, William (~1625-?)  son of William WOODINGTON merchant taylor of London, app via CC 1638 to Edward GILPIN via Richard MASTERSON (qv) but then also 1639 via BC to John BULL (qv).

WOODS, Samuel (~1643-?) son of Richard WOODS of London app 1646 to Thomas KNIFTON [NIFFTON], clockmaker in Lothbury for 8 years.

WOOLRICH, Carye (~1594-?)          parentage unknown, app 1608 via Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv). Not free – no other details.

WORSTEN                                       see OURSIAN

WRIGHT, John (~1635-?)   app to John WASFIELD [sic, recte WARFIELD?] 1652 via BC.

WRIGHT, Robert (fl. 1634)               brother of CC 1634, Loomes equates him with one of the same name, son of John app 1621 in Norwich.

WRIGHT, Thomas (1586->1664)       either son of Richard or John c. 1586 Chester, free of Chester 1613. Took app through the Chester Guild Dutton BENBURY (f. 1636), Samuel FINLAW (app 1640) and William BICKERSTAFF (app 1633). In 1656 he petitioned the Chester Major stating ‘his ancestors have been freemen for two hundred years and he now being seventy years of age and having served as one of the Councell of the City for twenty-five years or more, is now too old and his sight is failing so that he cannot follow his calling. He asks to be chosen Hall-Keeper in place of Mr. John Bennett, deceased’. Witness in 1664 to stewardship of John BUCK.

WRIGHTSON, William (~1579-?)     probably son of Thomas, scrivener, will DCSP 1593. App 1593 via the Grocers’ Company to Charles WHITWELL (qv). Not free – no other details.

WYETH see WYTHE

WYNNE, Edward (fl. 1630)               watch recorded ~1630.

WYNNE, Richard (fl. 1601-1614)       clockmaker of Westminster, free of BC 1601-3. Prosecutor in Middlesex Sessions Records 1614.

WYTHE, George (~1614-?) son of John WYTHE yeoman of [blank] Suffolk app 1627 for 7 yr via GC to Onisephorus HELDEN. Free of CC 1646.

XY

YEATE, Cornelius (~1589->1625)      son of Thomas YEATE of Gloucestershire, app 1604 to Charles BACHELOR (qv) via GC; free 1614 of GC. Master via GC to John CHARLTON 1616, Edward ARNDELL 1621, Anthony GROSE 1625. Petitioner for CC 1622.  Daughter baptised St Clement Danes 1623. Loomes records a watch dated ~1625. Not mentioned in 1630 petition by which time probably dead.

YATES, Samuel (fl. 1647)                  watchmaker married to Sarah <1642, lived with Robert HARRIS in Blue Court, Saffron Hill, St Andrews Holborn from 1643-1654 at the birth of children including son Samuel (below); brother of CC 1647. See also GATES.

YATES, Samuel (1649-~1693)            son of above, c. 30 Mar 1649 in St Andrews Holborn. App 1662 to Benjamin WEBB citizen and clothworker of Adam and Eve Court, Whitechapel, free of them 1669. Master to Benjamin MARDEN (1670), Nathaniel CORBETT (1673) when a watchmaker of Clemens Street, London and John NEWTON (1676) when in Bell Alley, Coleman Street, London. Married to Margaret, children born in St Stephens Coleman Street in 1674-83. Master to Marnie BRANDON and Edward NEWTON. Free brother of CC 1685 and paid quarterage until 1693.

YEATE, William (fl. 1622-1640)        son of William YATE of Weston Gloucestershire, app 1606 for 8 years via GC to John ROGERS (qv). Petitioner for CC 1622. Bound an apprentice through CC 1640. Some watches survive.

YORK, Walter (fl. 1458) of Exeter clockmaker, defendant in trespass case of 1458 initiated by John YONGE of Devon (TNA: C40-788).

Abbreviations:

App – Apprentice

BC – Blacksmiths’ Company Archives

CC – Clockmakers’ Company Archives

GC – Goldsmiths’ Company Archives

JC – Joiners’ Company Archives

PC – Pewterers’ Company Archives

PRO = TNA

RoA – Returns of Aliens (4 vols)

TNA – The National Archives

References:

Bolton JL (ed) (1998) The Alien Communities of London in the Fifteenth Century: The Subsidy Roll of 1440 and 1483-4. Richard III & Yorkist History Trust.

Bruton, E (1981) The Wetherfield Collection of Clocks, NAG Press, London, 263pp,

Doree SS (1994) Early Churchwardens’ Accounts of Bishops Stortford 1431-1558. Hertfordshire Record Publications, 10, 365pp.

Drew C (1940) Lambeth Churchwardens’ Accounts 1504-1645 and Vestry Book 1610. Surrey Records Society, 40.

Evans, J (2000) Scallop-Shell market Turret Clocks. Leonard Tennant turret-clock maker and his school. Part II. Antiquarian Horology, Mar 2000, 303-323.

Evans, J (2001) Antiquarian Horology, Dec 2001, 414-423.

Gibbs AE (1890) Corporation Records of St Albans, Gibbs and Bamforth publishers, St Albans, Herts.

Hopper (1998)

Leopold JH (1989) Clockmaking in Britain and the Netherlands. Notes Rec R Soc Lond., 43, 155-165.

Leopold & Vincent, Metropolitan Museum Journal, 35, 137-149

Lloyd and Drover, Connoisseur Yearbook 1954

Loomes B (1975) The Fromanteel Story. Antiquarian Horology, Mar 1975, 175-185.

Loomes B (1979) Clocks, Dec 1979.

Plomp R (1971) The “Dutch” Extraction of the Fromanteel Family. Antiquarian Horology, Sep 1971, 320-327.

Taylor EGR (1968) Mathematical Practitioners of Tudor and Stuart England. Cambridge University Press, 443pp.

Thompson D (2002) Watches in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford, Part I. Antiquarian Horology, Sep 2002, 501-519.

Turner, GL’E (2000) Elizabethan Instrument Makers. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 305pp.