Progress on the Identity of James Bull

James BULL is a problematic ancestor who was alive in the 1830s. He was father to James Honeyman BULL (1829-1878) and DNA studies show a link with the Honeyman family, most likely via Mary Ann Susannah HONEYMAN (1803-?), a hypothesis supported by DNA evidence. James Honeyman BULL was baptised in 1 May 1831 at St James Piccadilly in Westminster as the son of James and Mary Ann BULL – his age was ‘above 1 1/2 years’ placing his birth around September 1829 – and his address was given as ‘6 Eden Place, Pimlico’. No such address existed at that time, but Eaton Place was an address in Pimlico and we infer that that was the intended description. James Bull was described as a leatherdresser.

On James Honeyman Bull’s marriage in 1855, James Bull is not marked as deceased (which may indicate he was still alive), and he was then described as an ‘innkeeper’. Exhaustive studies of James Bulls on the 1841 and 1851 censuses have failed to show a conclusive identity for this elusive ancestor. The search is complicated by the fact that there are several James Bulls – it is a relatively common name. There is no marriage we can trace with Mary Ann HONEYMAN.

The Good news

DNA studies may provide us with clues. My Mum had her DNA tested and she and two of her distant cousins (KA and Christine C) match two people called Chris G and Kurt T. Christine C, KA and my Mum’s common ancestors were James Honeyman Bull and his wife Martha Eaves, indicating that Chris G’s link to them is either via James or Martha. Chris and Kurt are descended from a Matilda Bull (1802-1888) who lived in Pimlico and married John GODDARD in 1827 at St George, Hanover Square. I have therefore been exploring the family tree of Matilda Bull to see if she provides clues to the mystery of James Bull.

Matilda Bull was baptised in Chatham in Kent in 1802, the daughter of William and Sarah BULL. She was married in 1827 and then had children baptised in St James Piccadilly, the same church in which James Honeyman Bull was baptised. He eldest son, John William GODDARD (1828-?), was baptised at St James Piccadilly from ‘Eaton Lane, Pimlico’ (sadly it omits the house number), the same street in which James Honeyman Bull was born.  The wedding between John GODDARD and Matilda was witnessed by George COBB, whose wife Elizabeth (1791-?, according to the 1851 census) was also born in Chatham. This Elizabeth corresponds to Matilda’s sister Elizabeth BULL (1791-?) who was also baptised in Chatham.

I have traced George and Elizabeth’s marriage in 1826 in St George Hanover Square – it was by licence and both are described as widowed. Elizabeth was at that time ‘Betsy RASBIN’ of St George Hanover Square but as yet I have been unable to find a marriage for Elizabeth BULL to Rasbin. Rasbin is not a common name, and should be distinctive, but I have been unable to trace the event. Therefore the link to Elizabeth Bull currently is unproven, even if it is intuitive. Their eldest son, George William COBB (1830-?) was baptised in St James Piccadilly out of ‘Eaton Lane’ (again omitting the house number), the same as James Honeyman Bull and John William Goddard. The records are consistent with the family are all living together in Eaton Lane between 1828-1830, precisely the dates that James Honeyman Bull is there.

Descendant Chart for William BULL 2
Figure 1: Family Tree of William BULL and Sarah of Chatham. Note that George William COBB and John William GODDARD are both born in Eaton Lane, Pimlico, where James Honeyman BULL is also born.

Do Matilda and Elizabeth Bull have a brother James? Yes, he is baptised at Chatham in 1794. He joined the navy in 1813, giving his place of birth as Chatham and mother’s name as Sarah, all consistent with this James. He was in the Navy until 1821 when he was discharged as suffering from ‘phthisis’ (tuberculosis). This allows us to create a hypothesis for our James Bull, that the Bull family (James, Matilda and Elizabeth) lived either together or close to each other in Eaton Lane, Pimlico, in the period 1828-1831. They had children during this time, but for whatever reason, they did not choose the local parish church at St George Hanover Square, but rather the church of St James Piccadilly, where all the baptisms are to be found. All of the families move away from Eaton Lane by the mid-1830s, although Matilda and Elizabeth remain close by for all of their lives. This hypothesis explains the DNA link that my mum and her cousins share with Chris G, who is descended from Matilda.

The Bad News

I have been able to trace that James Bull on the census. He is in the 1851 census in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, with his birthplace clearly shown as Chatham in Kent with an estimated date of birth of 1795. His wife is Harriet and she is also born in Chatham.  They had a daughter Elizabeth H Bull, born 1827 in Southwark, who corresponds to a baptism at St George the Martyr, Southwark for Elizabeth Harriet Bull, the daughter of James Bull and Harriet. James is a gent of Walworth Common. I cannot find confidently the marriage of James Bull and Harriet – it may be James and Harriet HOLLINS in 1822 at Stepney, but there is a James Bull (1799-1859) buried out of Stepney in 1859 who seems to correspond to that marriage. It is more like to correspond to the marriage in 1823 to Harriet BARTON at St George Hanover Square.

The family appears on the 1841 census in Langley’s Buildings, in St Mary Newington. The daughter is entered as Elizabeth Bull (forgetting the middle name), the wife is Harriet and James is now a clerk.  In 1851 they are in Cheltenham – James is born Chatham, the clerk of the manor court at Cheltenham and by 1861 they are back in Newington at 8 George Street. James is now a widower born Kent and his daughter Eliza Bull is born Surrey. James died on the 10 Sep 1868 at St Thomas’ Hospital with a normal address at 66 Date Street, Trafalgar Street, Walworth, Surrey, leaving letters of administration to his daughter Elizabeth Harriet Bull.

The good points from this is that James clearly survived childhood and is found in Southwark in the late 1820s when our James Bull met Mary Ann Honeyman. There is unfortunately no evidence that James Bull was ever a leatherdresser or an innkeeper, although he is educated and working as a clerk, as James Honeyman Bull himself would do in due course. The problem is that this James is married to Harriet by 1827 and apparently remains with her until her death between 1851 and 1861. There is no sign of James Honeyman Bull with the family on the 1841 census.

It may be that there is another James Bull born in Chatham in the mid-1790s but if so, I have been unable to trace his baptism. If this is our man, then his relationship to Mary Ann Honeyman must have been extramarital and taken place while he was married to Harriet. It would mean that James Bull acknowledged his son by Mary Ann in the 1830 and even moved with her in the 1830s to Eaton Lane, before returning to his original family in Newington by the 1841 census. Alternatively, he may have married one Harriet around 1825 who died not long after the birth of their daughter in 1827, he then married Mary Ann Honeyman who died in the 1830s, before marrying a second Harriet before the 1841 census. All of this is possible but unlikely. The simplest interpretation of the genealogical evidence is that James and Harriet married around 1825 and stayed together until Harriet’s death between 1851 and 1861.

The DNA match might indicate that the link is in the generations before Matilda Bull; that James Honeyman Bull was descended from Matilda’s cousin and not her brother. A Richard BULL is born in Chatham and moved to Eaton Court, Pimlico (part of Eaton Lane) in the 1820s and appears on the 1851 census there. Or it could be that the James we are following in the records is Matilda’s cousin, with her brother being James Honeyman Bull’s father, leaving a more subtle footprint on the contemporary records.

 

David Ramsay Talk at National Museum of Scotland

Very pleased to see that David Ramsay is the focus of a talk at the National Museum of Scotland next month. The talk goes with an exhibition on Stuart clockmakers that includes some of the items that were illustrated in our articles on Edward East (1602-c.1695) and David Ramsay (c. 1580-1659).

https://www.nms.ac.uk/exhibitions-events/events/national-museum-of-scotland/david-ramsay-the-kings-chief-clockmaker/

 

 

Article on David Ramsay published

Our article on the clockmaker David Ramsay has been published in Antiquarian Horology. It provides the most comprehensive analysis to date of his origins and eventful life. He was born at the farmstead of Langraw near St Andrews and apprenticed there to the gunsmith Henry SMITH in 1594. He is next found in Paris in 1610, helping the Fife nobleman John CARNEGIE to choose clocks for his brother, and he is mentioned as ‘Langraw’s son’ in a letter from John.

In 1613, he was invited to London where he joined a large expatriate Scots community, taking positions in King James’s bedchamber and becoming keeper of the King’s clocks in 1618 after the death of the previous incumbent Randolph BULL. He was also made Master of the Clockmakers’ Company in 1632 when it was established by King Charles.

When King Charles became embroiled in the Civil War, Ramsay was put in the Gatehouse Prison in Westminster for debt, where he remained for 4 years. He was finally released after agreeing to work for the Commonwealth. He died in relative obscurity in St Martins in the Fields in April 1659 and was buried there on the 3rd May 1659.

Finch et al 2019 Antiquarian Horology, Vol 40, 177-199.

Percy Dawson Medal 2018

My Dad and I went down to the Antiquarian Horological Society Annual Meeting at Greenwich last weekend to collect the Percy Dawson medal for 2018. The medal is awarded by the Antiquarian Horological Society “annually for the best article in [the AHS journal] Antiquarian Horology”. It was good to collect the medal on behalf of all of us as authors, but it was poignant particularly to remember my Mum who was lead author on the article. It was also good to catch up on some old friends in the horological community.

The conference was on the life and works of Alexander Cummings (1732-1814), who, in addition to designing and building clocks and watches (including inventing the barometric clock), is credited with the invention of the flushing toilet.

Will of Joseph CHILWELL 1843

Joseph CHILWELL is my great, great, great, great grandfather, born 1763 in Sheldon and who died at Fillongley on the 30 May 1843. He was buried at Exhall in Warwickshire. He is one of the few of my ancestors who had sufficient estate to leave a substantial will. His gravestone is still also present at Exhall churchyard. His gravestone reads:

Erected to The Memory of JOSEPH CHILWELL who changed time for eternity May 30th 1843 aged 80 years. SARAH wife of JOSEPH CHILWELL who died February 20th 1837 aged 75 years.

I am adding a transcript of his will below since it contains a significant volume of information about Joseph’s extensive family. All of his surviving children were girls and so the estate was devolved to many people who did not share Joseph’s surname. I am descended through his daughter Harriet EAVES.

 

Will of Joseph CHILWELL of Fillongley, Warwickshire

Court of Lichfield B/C/11 6 Oct 1843

This is the last will and testament of me Joseph CHILWELL of Fillongley in the County of Warwick yeoman. In the first place I direct my executors hereinafter named to pay and discharge as soon as conveniently can be after my decease all my just debts and my funeral and testamentary expenses And I give and Bequeath unto my Executors all my Household Furniture Plate Linen China Books and all my money Securities for Money and other my personal estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever Upon Trust as soon as conveniently can be after my decease to sell and dispose to sell and dispose of and convert unto money all such parts of my said personal estate as shall not consist of money or securities for money and to call in collect and receive all such part thereof as shall consist of Money or securities for money And I give and Bequeath the clear proceeds thereof in manner following (that is to say) One tenth part or share thereof unto and equally to be divided between and amongst all and every the child and children of my late daughter Ann PARKER who shall be living at the time of my decease to be paid to him her or them on their respectively attaining the age of Twenty one years but in case one or more of them shall die before attaining that age then the part or share of him her or them so dying shall be divided in among the survivors or survivor of them And it shall be lawful for my executors during the respective minorities of such children to apply the yearly income of their expectant shares for the benefit of such a children in such manner as they shall think advisable One other tenth part of share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth the wife of Anthony SMITH. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Frances the wife of John CARPENTER. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto and equally divided between and amongst all an every the Child and children of my late daughter Mary the wife of George CHILWELL who shall be living at the time of my decease to be paid to him her or them on their respectively attaining the age of Twenty one years but in case one of more of them shall die before attaining that age then the part or share of him her or them so dying shall be divided amongst the survivors or survivor of them And it shall be lawful of my executors during the respective minorities of such children to apply the yearly income of their expectant share for the benefit of such children in such manner as they shall think advisable. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Martha the wife of George BENTLEY of Exhall Farmer. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Harriet the wife of William EAVES. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Abigail the wife of Thomas MOON. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Jane the wife of James TURNER. One other tenth part or share thereof I give and bequeath unto my daughter Penelope the wife of James CHILWELL. And the remaining part of share thereof I give and Bequeath unto and equally to be divided between and amongst all and every the child and children of my late daughter Emily formerly the wife of John CRANER who shall be living at the time of my decease to be paid to him her or them on their respectively attaining the age of Twenty one years but in case one or more of them shall die before attaining that age then the part or share of him, her or them so dying shall be divided amongst the survivors or survivor of them. And it shall be lawful for my executors during the respective minorities of such children to apply the yearly income of their expectant shares for the benefit of such children in such manner as they shall think advisable. And whereas I have advanced the sum of thirty pounds to my daughter Elizabeth SMITH or her husband fifty pounds to my daughter Harriet EAVES or her husband Fifty pounds to my daughter Jane TURNER or her husband and sixty pounds during the lifetime of my daughter Emily CRANER to her or her husband. Now I do hereby declare that the said Elizabeth SMITH, Harriet EAVES and Jane TURNER shall not be entitled to any part or the share of the money before intended for them without they shall bring such respective sums into Hotchpot and accounting for the same as part of their respective shares And that my executors shall also bring the said sum of sixty pounds advanced to the said Elizabeth Emily CRANER or her husband unto Hotchpot and account for the same as part of the share of the children of the said Emily CRANER And in case any of my daughters now living shall depart this life in my lifetime leaving children then I give and bequeath the part or share of he or them so dying unto and equally to be divided between and amongst all and every her or their child or children who shall be living at the time of my decease to be paid to him or her or them on their respective attaining the Age of Twenty one years but in case one or more of them shall die before attaining that age then the part of share of him her or them so dying shall be divided among the survivors or survivor of the such child or children nevertheless only taking the part or share of his her or their deceased parent And it shall be lawful for my executors during the respective minorities of such children to apply the yearly income of their respective minorities of such children in such manner as they shall think advisable And in case any of my daughters now living shall depart this life in my lifetime without leaving any children or leaving such no such [sic] children shall survive me then I give and bequeath the share or shares of her or them so dying  to be equally divided amongst such of my daughters as shall survive me and the children of such as are now dead or shall depart this life in my lifetime such children to take only the share to which their parents would have been entitled to if living And I declare that my executors shall be charged only with such sum or sums of money as they shall respectively actually receive and that one or more of them shall not be charged with the other of others of them notwithstanding his or their having joined in any receipt of receipts for the sake of conformity nor for the Acts or deeds of the other or others of them and that they shall not be accountable for involuntary losses and it shall be lawful for them to reimburse themselves all such costs charges and expenses as they shall be put unto by reason of the trusts of this my will. [handwriting changes from here on] And I nominate constitute and appoint Thomas NEELE of Exhall in the County and the City of Coventry Farmer and the said George BENTLEY executors of this my will And I give unto the said Thomas NEELE and George BENTLEY their heirs and assigns All such real estates as are rested in me as Mortgage or trustee upon the trusts for which the same are respectively holden by me And I further give and bequeath unto each of my Executors the sum of five pounds if he shall accept the office and duty of an executor of this my will And I bequeath unto the children who shall be living at my decease of my deceased granddaughter Anne late the wife of Willoughby TRILBY and same of the children of my said daughter Ann PARKER the share of which the said Anne TRILBY would have been entitled to if she had survived me both principal and interest to be paid and applied as the same time and in the same manner as that given to my grandchildren. And hereby revoking all other wills I declare this only to be my last contained and written upon four sheets of paper to the three first of which I have put my hand and to this last my hand and seal this twenty fourth day of June One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Two.

Signed and declared by the above named testator as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us present at the same time who in his presence and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our names as witnesses thereto

John GADSBY                                                               The mark of X Joseph CHILLWELL [sic]

Edward CARTHEW solicitor Coventry

At Coventry 6th October 1843

 

Let a probate of this Will and Codicil be granted to Thomas NEALE and George BENTLEY two of the executors named in the Codicil to the last will and Testament of the said deceased reserving a power for George CHILWELL and James CHILWELL the other Executors to prove n like manner. – They being also duly sworn that the personal estate of the said deceased will not amount in value to £1500. Before me

E J BLACKBURNE Surrogate

 

This is a codicil to be added to and taken as part of the last will and testament of me Joseph CHILWELL of Fillongley in the County of Warwick yeoman which will bears date the twenty fourth day of June 1842. Whereas I have thereby appointed Thomas NEALE of Exhall in the County of Warwick Farmer and George BENTLEY also of Exhall Farmer Executors thereof And I am desirous of appointing two more executors to my said will. Now I do hereby appoint my brother George CHILWELL of Sheldon in County of Warwick Farmer and my son-in-law James CHILWELL of Freefut [?] in the County of Stafford to be executors of my said will jointly with the said Thomas NEALE and George BENTLEY. And I hereby revoke the bequest of the sum of five pounds by my said will given to the said George BENTLEY as Executor. And whereas the said George BENTLEY is indebted to me in the sum of £50 or thereabouts Now I hereby declare that the share by my said will given to my daughter Martha the wife of the said George BENTLEY shall not be paid to her unless the said George BENTLEY shall bring the said sum of £50 or whatever he shall owe me at the time of my decease into Hotchpot and account for the same as part of the share given to the said Martha BENTLEY And whereas I also advanced to my late daughter Elizabeth [Ann overwritten] PARKER or her husband the sum of thirty pounds Now I declare that my executors shall bring the same into Hotchpot and account for the same as part of the share given by my said Will to the children of the said Elizabeth [Ann overwritten] PARKER And I hereby confirm my will in all other respects. Dated this sixth day of September One thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Two.

 

Signed and declared by the named Joseph CHILWELL as and for a codicil to his last Will in the presence of us present at the same time who in his presence and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses

Joseph DORMER     John LINNEY

The mark of [X] Joseph CHILWELL

 

[Proforma bond of administration from the Court of Lichfield, parts entered by hand in italics]

WILL In the Bishop’s Court of Lichfield to the goods of Joseph CHILWELL deceased. Appeared personally Thomas NEALE Farmer and George BENTLEY farmer both of Exhall in the County of Warwick two of the executors named in the last will and testament of the said Joseph CHILWELL late of Fillongley in the County of Warwick yeoman deceased; who died on or about the thirtieth day of May One thousand Eight Hundred and Forty Three and made oath that the Estate and Effects of the said deceased, for, in respect of which, a Probate of the said will and one codicil is to be granted, exclusive of what the said deceased may have been possessed of or entitled to as a trustee for any other person or persons and not beneficially but including the Leasehold estate or estates for Years of the Deceased, if any, whether absolute or determinable on Lives, and without any deducting any thin one account of Debts, due and owing from the said Deceased, and under the value of Fifteen Hundred Pounds to the best of these Deponent’s knowledge information and belief.

Sworn on the 6th day of October 1843 before me F.J. BLACKBURNE surrogate.

Thomas NEALE     George BENTLEY

 

The Wedding of Norman Ward and Gladys Honeyman-Bull

The wedding photo of my grandparents, Norman Charles Frederick WARD and Gladys Adelaide HONEYMAN-BULL, represents a cross section of the family at the start of the Second World War. The wedding took place on the 26th February 1939 on a cold crisp February Sunday and the group photograph seems to have been taken in the back garden on someone’s house, possibly that of the bride’s mother, Mary Ellen HONEYMAN-BULL nee AMISSON.

Norman-Charles-Frederick-WARD-=-Gladys-Adelaide-HONEYMAN-BULL-Marriage-1936

I have annotated the photograph identifying everyone in the family grouping using notes that my mother left. The grouping is entirely a family gathering from both sides of the family. The bridesmaids were Sophia Emily WARD (known as Cissy) and my Nan’s god-daughter Gladys Amelia Elizabeth PARKER with whom she shared a birthday. There is a woman’s face lost behind the groom and a big woman’s hat behind the groom’s mother that cannot be identified, but I would imagine they are also relations. David DALLAS’s wife, my Nan’s sister Ellen Jane (Nellie) is not in the picture, so I suspect she is the big hat. Someone is cut off to the left of the photo – perhaps a neighbour or someone who hadn’t attended the wedding and didn’t think they should be in shot. My Grandad’s best man was his brother Ben who is not in the photo – it is possible he may have had to go back to work after the ceremony.

Norman Charles Frederick WARD = Gladys Adelaide HONEYMANBULL 1939
Marriage certificate issued on the wedding day. Witnessed by Ben Ward, Grandad’s brother (and best man) and William Thomas Bull, Nan’s eldest brother.

Nan’s family in the photo are:

My great grandmother Mary Ellen AMISSON is next to my Nan. My Nan’s brother William Thomas BULL is on the far right. Ellen Jane HONEYMAN-BULL is probably the lady in the big hat that we cannot see, since her husband David DALLAS is behind my Nan. My Nan’s sister Nellie (Annie Louisa HONEYMAN-BULL) is present with her daughter Gladys PARKER (who is a bridesmaid). My Nan’s brother Harry HONEYMAN-BULL is there with his wife (Nelly PARMENTER, on the far left). My Nan’s sister Ivy HONEYMAN-BULL is there with her husband Bill CHAPMAN (rear centre left) and children Ivy and June CHAPMAN.

Grandad’s stepmother Sophia is next to my Grandad – his sister is Cissy (Sophia Emily WARD) with her husband Ron CONLEY. His brother Ben was at the ceremony but not in this picture.

 

Tracing Robert Ward’s House and Workshop

Amongst family papers and documents, we have a photograph that is understood to be Robert WARD’s house and workshop. It presumably dates from the 1870s at the height of Robert’s business. The photograph shows an end-tenement house built alongside a wide thoroughfare with a garden, two waggons parked on the left of the view and a lean-to extension on the side of the house. The house has two storeys and a hint of a skylight in the roof indicating that this space was also used within the house.

Robert Ward's House Marfleet

Robert WARD’s House and Workshop in the 1870s.

We know from the 1861 and 1871 censuses that Robert lived and worked on the Hedon Road, the main thoroughfare from Hull towards Hedon. It was an important route in the 19th century as ships that were docked at Marfleet along the Humber estuary could be offloaded and the goods delivered to Hull by road. Sailors would get shore leave as the goods were landed and there was a brisk trade in catering for shoes and other leather goods needed by the sailors, which needed to be provided in time for them to sail on the next tide.

By using the census and contemporary maps, we have tried to identify specifically where this photograph was taken and therefore where Robert’s house lay.

Marfleet map 1853 cropped
Excerpt from an Ordnance Survey map of Marfleet from 1853. The map shows that the houses on the Hedon Road in Marfleet were all on the South side. The map also shows the location of the Wheelwrights’ Arms.

The photograph gives some clues. All the houses along the Hedon Road lie on the south side, indicating that the photograph was taken across the road from the North. Furthermore, from the census we know that the house lay near the Wheelwrights’ Arms, which is indicated on the map. The photograph shows that the house is an end-tenement with a lean-to on what we must now infer in the Eastern side. Of the houses along the Hedon Road, the one annotated in the map enlargement has both an extension on the eastern side, is shown with a garden, lies along the Hedon Road and lies close to the Wheelwrights Arms. We therefore infer that this is Robert’s house.

Marfleet close up annotated and cropped
Enlargement of the 1853 map of Marfleet. The Wheelwrights’ Arms is the building on the E side of the collection of houses, rather further right than the text would initially suggest.

The photograph must have been taken from the north side of the road from the point at the crest of the ellipse that circles the building.

 

Death Registers, Wandsworth and Clapham Union Workhouses 1836-1840

The earliest surviving death registers for the Wandsworth and Clapham Union Workhouse date from 1866 but it is clear from reading the board of guardian’s minutes (National Archives: MH12/12689 and 12690) that a suite of registers were kept from the earliest establishment of the workhouse. There are references to admissions registers and registers of ‘sickness and mortality’. However, amongst the Board of Guardians’ Minutes for 1841 is a transcript of death entries reportedly taken from the latter set of registers. These were copied in response to a query by the Poor Law Commissioners in London to provide information on mortality rates and were delivered to them on the 14th of August 1841.  These entries are of particular value since the originals are now lost. The Poor Law Union, which included the six parishes of Wandsworth, Clapham, Putney, Battersea, Tooting Graveney and Streatham, was founded in 1836. Its purpose was to centralise the provision of poor relief into a single authority, providing more consistent management (which could be monitored more effectively by the Poor Law Commissioners) and in anticipation of cost savings through economies of scale. However in the earliest years covered by this document, the Union had inherited and still managed a workhouse in each parish. The account presented must therefore be an amalgamation of returns from five workhouses – Putney workhouse had closed in 1836, presumably transferring its paupers to another institution (although which is unclear). By 1840, plans were advanced to build a single Union Workhouse on land purchased on East Hill, Battersea but that institution was not yet open.

The following document is a pdf listing the deaths in the Union workhouse in those years: Register of Deaths Wandsworth and Clapham Union Workhouse 1836-1840.

 

Missing Baptisms from Blurton, Staffordshire

The parish of Trentham in Staffordshire was divided into two halves with a main church at Trentham and a chapel of ease at Blurton. From the 1730s, services at Blurton are entered into the register distinctly generating what are, effectively, two parallel series of entries. This suggests that a separate record was being kept at Blurton and then added to entries from the main church at the end of the year. However, for 1752-1780, baptisms at Blurton are not explicitly identified. A separate marriage register for Blurton 1754-1770 was copied into the Trentham registers but the baptisms were never transcribed. There are no marriages explicitly performed at Blurton between 1770 and 1842. In contrast to both baptisms and marriages, burials are entered in a single series, suggesting that all burials were being performed at Trentham and monumental inscriptions from Blurton do not suggest that burials were carried out there before a separate burials register starting in 1828. From 1813, Blurton kept separate registers for baptisms and, in 1842, it became a separate parish with a separate marriage register.

The gap due to the lost Blurton entries can be partly compensated by bishops transcripts. Between 1771 and 1776, these include the baptisms at Blurton which are absent from the main (Trentham) register. These entries are transcribed here since they do not occur in transcripts of Trentham registers and indexes generated from them, such as Familysearch.org.

1771

Sampson BARKER                                                                                   Feb 7th

Richard son of John CLARK                                                                  July 20th

William son of William TUNSTALL                                                     August 25th

 

1772

William PROCTER                                                                                   March 20th

Hugh son of Samuel MAN                                                                     August 25th

John son of William JONES                                                                   October 4th

James son of John BROWN                                                                    October 10th

Sarah daughter of John TUNSTALL                                                     October 19th

John son of William ADAMS                                                                 October 25th

Ellen daughter of William ASTBURY                                                   October 25th

Thomas son of Thomas COOK                                                              November 15th

Frances daughter of Isaac ANDERSON                                               November 15th

Nancy daughter of Thomas KEMP                                                       November 22nd

Nancy daughter of Thomas BRAMMER Stoke                                    September [sic] 6th

William son of Thomas ADAMS                                                           December 13th

Jemima daughter of George LOCKETT Stoke parish                        December 20th

Sarah daughter of John MARE                                                              December 27th

 

1773

Elizabeth daughter of Samuel WRIGHT                                              January 3rd

Mary daughter of Thomas BARKER                                                     January 17th

Matthew son of Edward AMISON                                                        March 2nd

Richard son of Thomas WALTERS                                                       March 7th

Thomas son of Thomas BADKIN                                                          April 4th

Ann daughter of James STEVSON                                                        April 9th

James son of Richard ORAM                                                                 May 8th

William son of John CLARK                                                                  May 13th

George son of John ANDERSON                                                           May 15th

Edward daughter [sic] of Noah MILLS (Stone Parish)                     July 13th

Robert son of Mary EDWARDS                                                             July 18th

Peter son of James HURDASS                                                                July 25th

William son of William TABERNOR                                                    August 9th

Isaac MORETON curate of Blurton and Trentham

John BRINDLEY Churchwarding

 

1773 [continued]

Ralph son of Thomas ROMER of Stoke Parish                                   September 12th

Thomas son of William RIDGE                                                             October 2nd

Thomas son of William BROUGH                                                        November 14th

 

1774

William son of Thomas BALL                                                               January 29th

Joseph son of John SWIFT                                                                     January 30th

George son of Edward DAWSON                                                          January 30th

John son of William TUNSTALL                                                           January [sic] 9th

Elizabeth daughter of William PROCTER                                           February 13th

Sarah daughter of William ADAMS                                                     August 25th

Thomas son of Thomas ADAMS                                                           December 24th

 

1775

Ruth HOWLEY daughter of Ann JONES                                              April 23rd

Elizabeth daughter of Richard ORAM                                                 June 6th

Sarah daughter of Thomas WOOD                                                      December 27th

Richard son of William BROUGH                                                         January [sic] 9th

Thomas son of William WARD                                                             December 31st

Sampson son of Thomas BARKER                                                        April 10th

Fanny daughter of Thomas WALTERS                                                April 17th

Frances daughter of Isaac ANDERSON                                               July 20th

 

1776

Susannah daughter of Thomas SHAW                                                January 9th

Elizabeth daughter of John SWIFT                                                       January 22nd

Frances daughter of Moses EDWARDS                                               February 6th

Richard son of Samuel WRIGHT                                                          February 13th

George son of Arthur LOCKETT                                                           May 6th

Susannah daughter of William PROCTOR                                          May 26th

John son of Richard BRYON                                                                   July 14th

Joseph and Mary son and daughter of John LOCKETT                    July 28th

Samuel son of Thomas BALL                                                                 July 28th

William son of John DENNIS                                                                 August 23rd

Sarah and Mary daughters of John GREEN                                        September 9th

 

 

Ward Graves in Hedon Road Cemetery, Hull

Gravestone 1: Robert, Ellen and James WARD

2016-09-18 12.24.49

In affectionate remembrance of JAMES son of Robert and Ellen WARD who departed this life June 7th 1876 aged 23 years

Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord

Also Robert WARD father of the above who died 21st May 1878 aged 61 years

They miss him most that knew him best. He sleeps in Jesus.

Also of the above named Ellen WARD who died April 17th 1891 aged 74 yers

Gone but not forgotten.

 

Grave 2: Joseph and Eliza Rebecca WARD

2016-09-18 12.30.04

In affectionate remembrance of Joseph WARD who departed this life November 12th 1882 aged 74 years.

The winter of trouble is past, the storms of affliction are o’er, the struggle is ended at last, and sorrow and death are no more.

Also of Eliza Rebecca WARD wife of the above Joseph WARD who entered into rest May 28th 1900 aged 75 years.

Gravestone 3: William and Herbert WARD

2016-09-18 14.29.04

In memory of William WARD cab proprietor of this town who died 14 March 1882 aged 41.

And of Herbert WARD son of the above born Oct 14th 1866 died Oct 14th 1906 aged 40 years.